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Oligosoma lineoocellatum (DUMÉRIL, 1851)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesCanterbury spotted skink 
SynonymLygosoma lineo-ocellatum DUMÉRIL 1851: 169
Mocoa formosa BLYTH 1853 (fide DAS et al. 1998) (see comment)
Mocoa zealandica — GUNTHER 1875
Lygosoma lineo-ocellatum — BOULENGER 1887: 273
Leiolopisma lineo-ocellata — MITTLEMAN 1952: 26
Leiolopisma formosa — MITTLEMAN 1952: 24
Leiolopisma festivum MCCANN 1955
Leiolopisma grande grande — MCCANN 1955
Leiolopisma festivum — GREER 1974: 16
Leiolopisma lineoocellatum — GREER 1974: 16
Scincella formosa — GREER 1974: 7
Leiolopisma infrapunctatum — ROBB 1974
Oligosoma lineoocellatum — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Oligosoma festivum — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Oligosoma lineoocellatum — PATTERSON & DAUGHERTY 1995
Oligosoma lineoocellatum — HICKSON et al. 2000
Oligosoma lineoocellatum — HITCHMOUGH et al. 2016 
DistributionNew Zealand (North Island (Hawkes Bay, Wellington), South Island), Cook Strait [Leiolopisma festivum McCann 1955]

Type locality: "New Zealand" (unpublished genetic data indicates Canterbury, New Zealand, fide G. Patterson, pers. comm. 6 Feb 2016).  
TypesLectotype. MNHN 1991:2731 (5053A), NZ (locality unknown), (coll. M. Arnoux & M. Belligny, date unknown), designated by Melzer et al. 2017.
Paralectotypes. NZ (locality unknown), 3 specimens (MNHN 5475, unknown; MNHN 2007.2418 [5475A], unknown; MNHN 5053, unknown) (coll. M. Arnoux & M. Belligny, date unknown).
Specimens were loaned to Te Papa, National Museum of New Zealand (NMNZ; Wellington) by the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN; Paris) for examination.
Other referred specimens (8 specimens, erroneously designated as paralectotypes). Birdlings Flat (43° 50’S, 172° 42’E), 2 specimens (NMNZ RE001740 (2/2/8.2), male; NMNZ RE001740 (2/2/8.3), immature) (coll. G. Hardy, unknown date); Lake Ellesmere area (43° 32’S, 172° 32’E), NMNZ RE002035, male (coll. D. Newman, unknown date); Birdlings Flat (43° 50’S, 172° 42’E), 4 specimens (NMNZ RE003712 (S67), unknown; NMNZ RE003713 (S68), female; NMNZ RE003714 (S69), female; NMNZ RE003715 (S70), female (coll. A. Whitaker, 1960); Mt Somers (43° 45’S, 171° 18’E), NMNZ RE005456, female (coll. C. Daugherty, 11 Jan 1985).
Syntypes: originally 4 specimens, sometimes cited as PM (”Paris Museum”) 5053, 5475 
CommentSynonymy: Mocoa formosa is most likely not an Oligosoma but given its uncertain status may remain in its synonymy untilf further clarified (fide Glenn Shea, pers. comm., 8 May 2017).

The type locality given by DUMÉRIL 1851 is in error (fide McCANN 1955; HARDY 1977).

Distribution: not on Stewart Island (G. Patterson, pers. comm. 6 Feb 2016). 
EtymologyThe specific latin name refers to the rows of eye-like spots (ocelli) on the dorsal surface. 
  • ADAMS, LYNN; PETER GAZE, ROD HITCHMOUGH, SUSAN KEALL & IVAN ROGERS 2017. A survey of Puangiangi with recommendations for restoration of the island’s lizard fauna BioGecko (4): 26-34
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Das, INDRANEIL, BASUDEB DATTAGUPTA and NEMAI CHARAN GAYEN. 1998. History and catalogue of reptile types in the collection of the Zoological Survey of India. J. south Asian nat. Hist. 3 (2): 121-172
  • Duméril, A.M.C. & A. H. A. Duméril 1851. Catalogue méthodique de la collection des reptiles du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Gide et Baudry/Roret, Paris, 224 pp.
  • Frank, Hermann. 2012. Rediscovery of the spotted skink Oligosoma aff. lineoocellatum ‘Central Canterbury’ in lowland South Canterbury, New Zealand. BioGecko (1): 29-33 - get paper here
  • Greaves, Stephanie N.J.; David G. Chapple, Dianne M. Gleeson, Charles H. Daugherty and Peter A. Ritchie 2007. Phylogeography of the spotted skink (Oligosoma lineoocellatum) and green skink (O. chloronoton)species complex (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in New Zealand reveals pre-Pleistocene divergence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution <br />45 (2): 729-739 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Hardy, G. 1977. The New Zealand Scincidae: a taxonomic study. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 4: 221-325 - get paper here
  • Henle, K. 1981. Die Herpetofauna Neuseelands, Teil 3: Einheimische Skinke. Herpetofauna 3 (14): 14-18 - get paper here
  • HICKSON, Robert E.; KERRYN E. SLACK AND PETER LOCKHART 2000. Phylogeny recapitulates geography, or why New Zealand has so many species of skinks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 415–433 - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rodney A.; Geoffrey B. Patterson, and David G. Chapple 2016. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 87-108 - get paper here
  • MELZER, SABINE; TRENT BELL, GEOFF B. PATTERSON 2017. Hidden conservation vulnerability within a cryptic species complex: taxonomic revision of the spotted skink (Oligosoma lineoocellatum; Reptilia: Scincidae) from New Zealand. Zootaxa 4300 (3): 355–379 [erratum in Zootaxa 4350 (3): 600] - get paper here
  • Patterson, G.B.; Daugherty, C.H. 1995. Reinstatement of the genus Oligosoma (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae). J. Royal Soc. New Zealand 25 (3): 327-331
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