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Oligosoma otagense (MCCANN, 1955)

IUCN Red List - Oligosoma otagense - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesOtago Skink 
SynonymLeiolopisma grande otagense MCCANN 1955
Girardiscincus otagense - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Oligosoma otagense — PATTERSON & DAUGHERTY 1995
Oligosoma otagense — HICKSON et al. 2000
Oligosoma otagense — GAULKE & ALTENBACH 2003
Oligosoma otagense — HITCHMOUGH et al. 2016 
DistributionNew Zealand (Canterbury, Otago, South Island)

Type locality: Otago, Acland.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMNZ R33, now National Museum. 
CommentDiagnosis. O. otagense can be easily distinguished from all other New Zealand skinks by its unique colour pattern. The very high midbody scale row count overlaps with only three other New Zealand species, O. grande, O. fallai and O. waimatense.

Hybridization: captive breeding records have demonstrated the potential for hybridisation between O. otagense and O. waimatense (D. Keall, unpublished data, cited in Chapple et al. 2009). 
References
  • Bogisch, M; A Cree & JM Monks 2016. Short-term success of a translocation of Otago skinks (Oligosoma otagense) to Orokonui Ecosanctuary. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, DOI:10.1080/03014223.2015.1122638 - get paper here
  • Chapple, D.G.; Patterson, G.B. 2007. A new skink species (Oligosoma taumakae sp. nov.; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Open Bay Islands, New Zealand. New Zealand J. Zool. 34: 347-357
  • Chapple, David G.; Peter A. Ritchie, Charles H. Daugherty 2009. Origin, diversification, and systematics of the New Zealand skink fauna (Reptilia: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52 (2): 470-487 - get paper here
  • Gaulke, M. & Altenbach, A. 2003. 100% pure New Zealand. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (41): 56-63 - get paper here
  • Hardy, G. 1977. The New Zealand Scincidae: a taxonomic study. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 4: 221-325 - get paper here
  • HICKSON, Robert E.; KERRYN E. SLACK AND PETER LOCKHART 2000. Phylogeny recapitulates geography, or why New Zealand has so many species of skinks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 415–433 - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rodney A.; Geoffrey B. Patterson, and David G. Chapple 2016. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 87-108 - get paper here
  • McCann, C. 1955. The lizards of New Zealand. Gekkonidae and Scincidae. Dominion Museum Bulletin (17): 1—127.
  • Molinia, Frank C.; Trent Bell, Grant Norbury, Alison Cree, and Dianne M. Gleeson 2010. Assisted breeding of skinks or how to teach a lizard old tricks!. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Patterson, G.B. 1997. South Island skinks of the genus Oligosoma: description of O. longipes n. sp. with redescription of O. otagense (McCann) and O. waimatense (McCann). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 27(4): 439-450.
  • Patterson, G.B.; Daugherty, C.H. 1995. Reinstatement of the genus Oligosoma (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae). J. Royal Soc. New Zealand 25 (3): 327-331
  • Salt, Amanda J. 2016. Oligosoma otagense (Otago Skink), Oligosoma grande (Grand Skink) Predation. Herpetological Review 47 (2): 300
 
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