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Oligosoma smithi (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Shore Skink 
SynonymMocoa smithii GRAY 1845: 82
Lygosomella aestuosa GIRARD 1857
Lampropholis smithii — FITZINGER 1861: 403
Euprepes smithii — STEINDACHNER 1869
Mocoa smithii — BULLER 1870: 6
Norbea isolata HUTTON 1872
Lygosoma smithii — BOULENGER 1887: 274
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) smithi — SMITH 1937: 223
Leiolopisma smithii — MITTLEMAN 1952
Leiolopisma aestuosa — MITTLEMAN 1952
Leiolopisma smithi smithi — MCCANN 1955
Leiolopisma smithi numerale MCCANN 1955
Leiolopisma smithi — ROBB 1974
Leiolopisma smithi — GREER 1974: 17
Leiolopisma smithi — HENLE 1981
Lygosomella smithii — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Oligosoma smithi — PATTERSON & DAUGHERTY 1995
Oligosoma smithi — HICKSON et al. 2000
Oligosoma smithi — HITCHMOUGH et al. 2016 
DistributionGreat Barrier Island, Bay of islands (off New Zealand), North Island (Northland, Poor Knights to Alderman Is)

Type locality: New Zealand  
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.16.62. Designation by Hardy (1977)
Syntype: USNM 5623 [Lygosomella aestuosa] 
CommentHardy (1977) recognized that one of the syntypes of Mocoa smithii (Gray 1845)
was in fact typical of C. aenea (Chapple et al. 2008). 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the types, Lieutenant Alexander Smith, a British naval officer. 
  • Baling, M., Stuart-Fox, D., Brunton, D.H., Dale, J. 2020. Spatial and temporal variation in prey color patterns for background matching across a continuous heterogeneous environment. Ecology and Evolution 10: 2310–2319 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Buller, W. 1871. A list of the lizards inhabiting New Zealand, with descriptions. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 3 [1870]:4-11 - get paper here
  • Chapple, D.G.; Patterson, G.B. 2007. A new skink species (Oligosoma taumakae sp. nov.; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Open Bay Islands, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 34: 347-357 - get paper here
  • Girard, C. 1858. Descriptions of some new Reptiles, collected by the US. Exploring Expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Fourth Part. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci Philadelphia 1857: 195-199 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Hardy, G. 1977. The New Zealand Scincidae: a taxonomic study. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 4: 221-325 - get paper here
  • Hare, Kelly M. and Kimberly A. Miller 2009. WHAT DIVES BENEATH: DIVING AS A MEASURE OF PERFORMANCE IN LIZARDS. Herpetologica 65 (3): 227-236 - get paper here
  • Hare, Kelly M.; Charles H. Daugherty and David G. Chapple 2008. Comparative phylogeography of three skink species (Oligosoma moco, O. smithi, O. suteri; Reptilia: Scincidae) in northeastern New Zealand. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (1): 303-315 - get paper here
  • Henle, K. 1981. Die Herpetofauna Neuseelands, Teil 3: Einheimische Skinke. Herpetofauna 3 (14): 14-18 - get paper here
  • HICKSON, Robert E.; KERRYN E. SLACK AND PETER LOCKHART 2000. Phylogeny recapitulates geography, or why New Zealand has so many species of skinks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 415–433 - get paper here
  • Hitchmough, Rodney A.; Geoffrey B. Patterson, and David G. Chapple 2016. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna. in: Chapple, D.G. (ed). New Zealand Lizards. Springer, pp. 87-108 - get paper here
  • Hoskins, Andrew J; Kelly M Hare; Kimberly A Miller; Nicole Schumann; David G Chapple 2017. Repeatability, locomotor performance and trade-offs between performance traits in two lizard species, Oligosoma alani and O. smithi . Biol J Linn Soc 122 (4): - get paper here
  • Patterson, G.B. & Bell, T.P. 2009. The Barrier skink Oligosoma judgei n. sp. (Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Darran and Takitimu Mountains, South Island, New Zealand. Zootaxa 2271: 43–56 - get paper here
  • Patterson, G.B.; Daugherty, C.H. 1995. Reinstatement of the genus Oligosoma (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae). J. Royal Soc. New Zealand 25 (3): 327-331 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • van Winkel, D., Baling, M. & Hitchmough, R. 2018. Reptiles and Amphibians of New Zealand: A field guide. Auckland University Press, Auckland, 376 pp.
  • Zug, G.R. 1985. Pacific Island Lizards: Status of Type Specimens from the US Exploring Expedition 1838-1842 Copeia 1985 (1): 150-154. - get paper here
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