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Ophiodes enso ENTIAUSPE-NETO, MARQUES-QUINTELA, REGNET, TEIXEIRA, SILVEIRA & LOEBMANN, 2017

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Higher TaxaDiploglossidae, Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymOphiodes enso ENTIAUSPE-NETO, MARQUES-QUINTELA, REGNET, TEIXEIRA, SILVEIRA & LOEBMANN 2017
Ophiodes vertebralis — LEMA 1994: 65
Ophiodes vertebralis —QUINTELA et al., 2006: 61
Ophiodes sp. — QUINTELA and LOEBMANN, 2009: 40
Ophiodes sp. — QUINTELA et al. 2011: 59 
DistributionBrazil (Rio Grande do Sul)

Type locality: Laranjal Beach (-31.7666°S -52.2166°W), altitude approximately 2 m, Patos Lagoon estuary, municipality of Pelotas, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: CHFURG 3589, an adult female, collected on 29 October 2015 by Daniel Loebmann (Figs. 1, 2).
Paratypes.—CHFURG 3564–3587 from type locality; CHFURG 3588 from Barra, municipality of Rio Grande (-32.0350°S -52.0988°W); all specimens collected between 29 October and 3 November 2015 by Daniel Loebmann. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe species name refers to the Japanese-Buddhism Enso symbol, a hand-drawn circle made in a single or double brushstroke that closely resembles the silhouette of a Ophiodes specimen (Fig. 2). Also noteworthy is that type series of O. enso sp. n. was discovered during the El Niño Southern Oscillation event of 2015 (popularly known as ENSO, which is marked by heavy rainfall), and that event culminated in the movement of the aforementioned type series into the Lagoa dos Patos shores. This is also the first species to be discovered as a result of the ENSO phenomenon. 
References
  • Entiauspe-Neto, Omar Machado; Fernando Marques Quintela, Ruth Anastasia Regnet, Victor Hugo Teixeira, Franck Silveira, and Daniel Loebmann 2017. A New and Microendemic Species of Ophiodes Wagler, 1828 (Sauria: Diploglossinae) from the Lagoa dos Patos Estuary, Southern Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 51 (4): 515-522 - get paper here
  • Lema, Th. de 1994. Lista comentada dos répteis occorentes nor Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Comun. Mus. Cienc. Tecnol. PUCRS, Sér. Zool., Porto Alegre 7: 41-150
  • Marques-Quintela, Fernando; Daniel Loebmann, Norton Mattos Gianuca 2006. Répteis continentais do município de Rio Grande, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil BIOCIÊNCIAS, Porto Alegre 14 (2): 180-188 - get paper here
  • QUINTELA, F. M., AND D. LOEBMANN. 2009. Os Répteis da Região Costeira do Extremo Sul do Brasil. União Sul-Americana de Estudos da Biodiversidade, Brazil
  • Quintela, Fernando Marques; Igor Gonçalves Medvedovsky, Chyntia Ibarra, Luís Fernando de Matos Neves and Mario Roberto Chim Figueiredo 2011. Reptiles recorded in Marinheiros Island, Patos Lagoon estuary, southern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 4: 57-62. - get paper here
 
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