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Ophiomorus blanfordii (BOULENGER, 1887)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Blanford's Snake Skink 
SynonymZygnidopsis brevipes BLANFORD 1879: 128
Ophiomorus blanfordi BOULENGER 1887: 395 (nom. nov.)
Ophiomorus blanfordi — SMITH 1935: 347
Ophiomorus blanfordi — DAS 1996: 47
Ophiomorus blanfordi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophiomorus blanfordii — NASRABADI et al. 2017
Ophiomorus blanfordi — KAMALI 2020
Ophiomorus blanfordii — CHAPPLE et al. 2021 
DistributionNW Pakistan, SE Iran

Type locality: “Persia or Baluchistan?”, restricted to Chah Bahar, Iran by S Anderson and Leviton [1966b:511]  
Reproductionovovivparous 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 80.11.10.188, 91.9.14.5 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Snout cuneiform, with angular labial edge; interparietal as long as broad; frontonasal not twice as long as broad. Twenty scales round the middle of the body. Fingers four; toes three.
Coloration: Cream or pale brown above in preservative, the two median dorsal scale rows with scattered dark spots, forming more or less distinct longitudinal lines; the scale rows immediately lateral to these median dorsal rows without dark markings; the third and fourth rows from the vertebral line with dark brown dots forming well-marked lines which extend forward along sides of head. Top of head with or without a central dark streak (ANDERSON & LEVITON 1966).

Description: “Snout wedge-shaped, with angularly projecting labial edge. Nostril close to the rostral; supranasals forming a long suture two loreals, first largest and in contact with the third and fourth upper labials; frontonasal moderate, not half as long as the frontal; prefrontals longer than broad, widely separated; frontal slightly longer than broad; four supraoculars, first and second in contact with the prefrontal; two supraciliaries, behind the first supraocular; frontoparietals much smaller than prefrontal; interparietal as long as broad, a little shorter than the frontal; parietals narrow, band-like: no nuchals; first and second labials in contact with the nasal, fifth largest, fifth and sixth below the eye. Ear hidden. Two azygos postmentals. Body much elongate, with angular latero-ventral edge, with two pairs of short limbs, the anterior tetradactyle, the posterior tridactyle; the hind limb proportionally more developed than the anterior, a little longer than the distance between the fore limb and the anterior corner of the eye, and contained thrice and two thirds in the distance from the fore limb. 20 scales round the body, subequal. Two enlarged prœanals. Tail a little shorter than head and body, ending in a point. Cream-coloured, each dorsal scale with a central brown dot, which form two lines on the middle of the back and a dark band on each side, beginning from the nostril and passing through the eye; the two vertebral lines unite into a streak on the middle of the head.” (Boulenger 1887: 385) 
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after William Thomas Blanford (1832-1905), member of the Geological Survey of India. 
References
  • Anderson, S.C. & Leviton,A.E. 1966. A review of the genus Ophiomorus (Sauria: Scincidae), with descriptions of three new forms. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 33 (16): 499-534 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Andrade, Julia B.; Ryshonda P. Lewis and Phil Senter 2016. Appendicular skeletons of five Asian skink species of the genera Brachymeles and Ophiomorus, including species with vestigial appendicular structures. Amphibia-Reptilia, DOI: 10.1163/15685381-00003062 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blanford, W.T. 1879. Notes on Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal xlviii: 127-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Chapple, David G; Roll, Uri; Böhm, Monika; Aguilar, Rocío Amey, Andrew P Austin, Chris C Baling, Marleen Barley, Anthony J Bates, Michael F Bauer, Aaron M Blackburn, Daniel G Bowles, Phil Brown, Rafe M Chandramouli, S R Chirio, Laurent Cogger, Hal Co 2021. Conservation Status of the World’s Skinks (Scincidae): Taxonomic and Geographic Patterns in Extinction Risk. Biological Conservation 257: 109101 - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. and George D. F. Wilson 2001. Comments on the scincid lizard genus Ophiomorus, with a cladistic analysis of the species. Hamadryad 26 (2): 261-271 [2002] - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany (www.chimaira.de). 574 pp.
  • KAZEMI, SEYED MAHDI; MASOOD FARHADI QOMI, HAJI GHOLI KAMI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2011. A new species of Ophiomorus (Squamata: Scincidae) from Maranjab Desert, Isfahan Province, Iran, with a revised key to the genus. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 23-33. - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2003. CHECKLIST AND KEY TO THE LIZARDS OF PAKISTAN. Pakistan J. Zool. Suppl. Ser. (1): 1-25 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1917. Reptilien aus Persien (Provinz Fars). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 67:191—220. - get paper here
 
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