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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Anatolian Limbless Skink 
SynonymOphiomorus kardesi KORNILIOS, KUMLUTAS, LYMBERAKIS & ILGAZ 2018
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — EISELT 1965
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — ARLOND & OVENDEN 2004: 272
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — BARAN et al. 2012: 204
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — VALAKOS et al., 2008
Ophiomorus punctatissimus Clade B — POULAKAKIS et al. 2008
Ophiomorus kardesi — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionS Turkey

Type locality: Sıcak Yarımadası, Kas, Antalya, Turkey  
TypesHolotype: ZDEU 45/2009, male, leg. Y. Kumlutas, 27.04.2009. Paratypes: NHMC, ZDEU 
CommentDistribution: also on the islands of Kastellorizo ​​and possibly on the neighboring islands of Ro and Strongyli (off the Turkish coast but belonging to Greece). 
EtymologyThe species epithet is a genitive noun of the Turkish word “kardes” which means sibling, brother, sister, or best friend. As a word, it is used in both Turkey and Greece with the same meaning. It is used here to highlight the sibling-species relationship between the new species and O. punctatissimus, to emphasize the past and contemporary role of the Aegean Sea as cradle of speciation and to mark a decade of collaboration and friendship among the authors. 
  • Arlond, E. N., & Ovenden, D. 2004. A field guide to the reptiles and amphibians of Britain and Europe. London, UK: Collins
  • Baran, _I., Ilgaz, C"., Avcı, A., Kumluta"s, Y., & Olgun, K. 2012. Türkiye Amfibi ve Sürüngenleri [The amphibians and reptiles of Turkey, in Turkish] Ankara, Turkey: TÜBITAK Popüler Bilim Kitapları
  • Eiselt, J. 1965. Bericht über eine zoologische Sammelreise nach Südwest-Anatolien im April/Mai 1964. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 68: 401- 406 - get paper here
  • Kornilios P, Kumlutaş Y, Lymberakis P, Ilgaz Ç. 2018. Cryptic diversity and molecular systematics of the Aegean Ophiomorus skinks (Reptilia: Squamata), with the description of a new species. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 00:1–18 - get paper here
  • Poulakakis, N.; V. Pakaki, M. Mylonas and P. Lymberakis 2008. Molecular phylogeny of the Greek legless skink Ophiomorus punctatissimus (Squamata: Scincidae): The impact of the Mid-Aegean trench in its phylogeography. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47 (1): 396-402 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, Jeroen; Wouter Beukema, Christophe Dufresnes, Uwe Fritz, Daniel Jablonski, Petros Lymberakis, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Edoardo Razzetti, Melita Vamberger, Miguel Vences, Judit Vörös0, Pierre-André Crochet 2020. Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica.. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 139-189 - get paper here
  • Valakos, E.D.; Pafilis, P.; Sotiropoulos, K.; Lymberakis, P.; Maragou, P. & Foufopoulos, J. 2008. The amphibians and reptiles of Greece. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 463 pp.
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