Ophiomorus nuchalis NILSON & ANDREN, 1978
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|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Nilson's Snake Skink, Plateau Snake Skink|
|Synonym||Ophiomorus nuchalis NILSON & ANDREN 1978|
Ophiomorus nuchalis — NILSON & ANDREN 1981: 139
Ophiomorus nuchalis — ANDERSON 1999: 282
Ophiomorus nuchalis — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophiomorus nuchalis — GHOLAMIFARD 2011
Ophiomorus nuchalis — NASRABADI et al. 2017
|Distribution||Iran (Kavir desert)|
Type locality: Siah Kuh, 34º44'N, 52º11'E, Kavir Protected region, about 150 km S Tehran, Iran.
|Types||Holotype: GNM (originally NHMG, Göteborg Natural History Museum) Re. ex. 4418|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis: Fingers four, toes three, 22 scale rows at midbody, nuchals about 2.5 times larger than dorsals (Anderson 1999: 282).|
Color pattern: "Cream or pale brown above, each scale of the two median dorsal rows with a central longitudinal black line, forming two distinct lines along body and tail. Scattered dark spots on some of the scales on the scale rows immediately lateral to the median rows. Next three lateral rows with a dark marking on each scale forming three distinct lateral stripes along body and tail. White below, with small black spots immediately posterior to vent. A dark line from nostril through eye and temporal region, in contact with lateral stripes on the body. A single line on frontonasal and frontal, divided on posterior portion offrontal but reuniting on posterior portion of interparietal." (Nilson and Andren, 1978:559, cited in Anderson 1999: 282).
|Comment||Habitat: under stones on sparesly vegetated, almost bare gravel ground devoid of loose sand; hills with rocky ground, near dry river beds with clay topsoil, at agricultural farms and on sand dunes (Hosseinzadeh et al. 2016).|
Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran.
|Etymology||Etymology not given in original description, but most probably referring to the "distinctly enlarged nuchals", which is mentioned as being diagnostic for the species.|
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