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Ophiomorus persicus (STEINDACHNER, 1867)

IUCN Red List - Ophiomorus persicus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Persian Snake Skink 
SynonymHemipodion persicum STEINDACHNER 1867: 265
Ophiomorus persicus — BOULENGER 1887
Ophiomorus persicus — FRYNTA et al. 1997
Ophiomorus persicus — ANDERSON 1999
Ophiomorus persicus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Ophiomorus persicus — GHOLAMIFARD 2011
Ophiomorus persicus — NASRABADI et al. 2017 
DistributionSW Iran (Fars: Zagros mountains)

Type locality: Persia; restricted to Iran: Fars Province: 5 km SE of Pol-i-Abgineh, approx. 29° 33’ N, 51° 46’ E by ANDERSON & LEVITON 1966.  
TypesSyntypes: NMW 10398:1, 2 and 10399:1, 2 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Snout obtuse, rounded, the rostral scarcely projecting beyond
lip; 20 scales round the middle of the body. Fingers three; toes two (ANDERSON & LEVITON 1966).

Color: Cream or light brown above in preservative, each dorsal and lateral scale with a brown spot, these more or less confluent to form lines the length of the body. These dark lines are distinct on the sides, the four median lines being much paler. The dots are not confluent on the tail. The ventral surface of the body is cream or tan, the four ventral rows of scales free of dark spots. All scales of tail possess a dark spot. A brown line from nostril through eye, onto temporal region; upper surface of head mottled with brown (ANDERSON & LEVITON 1966). 
CommentDistribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
EtymologyNamed after its distribution in Persia (now: Iran). 
  • Anderson, S.C. & Leviton,A.E. 1966. A review of the genus Ophiomorus (Sauria: Scincidae), with descriptions of three new forms. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 33 (16): 499-534 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Frynta,D. et al. 1997. Results of the Czech biological expedition to Iran. Part 1. Notes on the distribution of amphibians and reptiles. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 61: 3-17
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Gholamifard, A 2011. Endemism in the reptile fauna of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 7 (1) - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. and George D. F. Wilson 2001. Comments on the scincid lizard genus Ophiomorus, with a cladistic analysis of the species. Hamadryad 26 (2): 261-271 [2002] - get paper here
  • Kamali, Kamran 2020. A Field Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Iran. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany ( 574 pp.
  • KAZEMI, SEYED MAHDI; MASOOD FARHADI QOMI, HAJI GHOLI KAMI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2011. A new species of Ophiomorus (Squamata: Scincidae) from Maranjab Desert, Isfahan Province, Iran, with a revised key to the genus. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 23-33. - get paper here
  • Kiabi, B., B. Zehzad, H. G. Kami & S. Shafii 1999. On a new record of the Persian Skink, Ophiomorus persicus, in Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 19: 71 - get paper here
  • NASRABADI, REZA; NASRULLAH RASTEGAR-POUYANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI, AHMAD GHARZI 2017. A revised key to the lizards of Iran (Reptilia: Squamata: Lacertilia). Zootaxa 4227 (3): 431–443 - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sami, Soheil; Barbod Safaei-Mahroo, Hanyeh Ghaffari 2017. Range Extensions of Three Endemic Snake-Skinks (Scincidae: Ophiomorus) in Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 24 (4): 329-332<br /> - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. Herpetologische Notizen. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss Wien 55: 263-273 - get paper here
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