Ophiomorus punctatissimus (BIBRON & BORY DE ST. VINCENT, 1833)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Ophiomorus punctatissimus?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||E: Greek Snake Skink|
G: Gesprenkelter Schlangenskink
|Synonym||Anguis punctatissimus BIBRON & BORY DE ST. VINCENT 1833: 71|
Ophiomorus miliaris DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 799
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — BOULENGER 1887: 397
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — KUMLUTAS et al. 2004
Ophiomorus punctatissimus — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
|Distribution||S Greece, SW Turkey (from Kas, Finike) [Eiselt 1965]|
Type locality: Greece: Morea [Peloponnes] Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Syntypes: MHNP 6998 (3076) and 6998A|
|Comment||Type species: Ophiomorus miliaris DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839 is the type species of the genus Ophiomorus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839.|
Diagnosis (of genus): Palatine bones not meeting on the midline of the palate;pterygidl teeth usually present. Teeth conical, or with obtuse crowns. Eye small; lower eyelid with an undivided, transparent disc. Ear opening absent or hidden. Nostril in the suture between the nasal and supranasal, close to the rostral;prefrontals usually distinct; frontoparietal and parietal distinct. Body elongate. Limbs greatly reduced or absent (from ANDERSON & LEVITON 1966).
The genus Ophiomorus may be diagnosed vis-a-vis the generally primitive scincid genus Eumeces on the basis of the following derived character states: nostril between an upper and lower nasal scale, both of uncertain homology ...; prefrontal scales separated; frontal scale hour-glass shaped due to constriction of frontal by first supraocular (except in O. latastii ...) ...; supraoculars three (as opposed to four); supraciliary row incomplete lateral to most posterior supraocular, i.e., most posterior supraocular en- ters supraciliary row: frontoparietals separated; pretemporal single: lower eyelid with clear central disc; postsupralabial single; postmentals two (variable in Eumeces, hence possibly primitive in skinks): dorsal and lateral body scales with one or sometimes two (in tandem) minute pits in central posterior part of scale; digits 4/3 or less and phalanges 18.104.22.168/2.3.4 or less; premaxillary teeth modally < 6; presacral vertebrae > 45; sternal/mesosternal ribs < 3/l; inscriptional chevrons > 7...; thoracic and sometimes anterior lumbar ribs with dorsoanterio accessory processes [from Greer and Wilson 2001].
Ophiomorus is one of the few limb-reduced skink lineages in which some of the species have a greater degree of digit reduction in the rear limb than in the front limb.