Ophiomorus raithmai ANDERSON & LEVITON, 1966
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Ophiomorus raithmai?
|Higher Taxa||Scincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Eastern sand swimmer|
|Synonym||Ophiomorus raithmai ANDERSON & LEVITON 1966: 519|
Sphenocephalus tridactylus STOLICZKA 1872 (part.)
Ophiomorus tridactylus — BOULENGER 1887 (part.)
Ophiomorus raithmai — DAS 1996: 47
Ophiomorus raithmai — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
|Distribution||NW India (Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab), SE Pakistan|
Type locality: Pakistan: Karachi District, Ghizri.
|Types||Holotype: CAS 99834; Paratypes: ZISP 17870 (ex CAS 99837), “Pakistan, Karachi District, Ghizri”. Leg.: J. A. Anderson, 24.III.1965; CAS 99835-99836, 99838, 99840-99846 and MCZ 84027 with the same locality data; AMNH 82205 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Karachi, east edge of city, near Hill Park”; AMNH 86876 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Karachi, Jinnah Hospital”; AMNH 86877-86879 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Ghizri, near Clifton”; AMNH 86880 from “Pakistan: Karachi District: Malir Cantonment North”; AMNH 85843 from “ Pakistan: Dadu District: Canyon of Sari River, 23 miles northeast of Malir; AMNH 85844 from “Pakistan: Sanghar District: 0.5 miles west of Burra”; AMNH 85845-85848 from “Pakistan: Las Bela District: Sonmiani Beach” and BM 1918.104.22.168–1922.214.171.124 from “Pakistan: Sind” (Anderson & Leviton 1966).|
|Comment||Distribution: There has been some confusion about the distribution of this species in India, as various authors have included in the fauna of India but others haven’t. Indraneil Das thinks that the Nushki, Baluchistan specimens are a new species (to be named after Steve Anderson), restricting tridactylus to Afghanistan, and applying raithmai to the population in eastern Pakistan and western India (DAS, pers. comm.). Apparently there is no raithmai in India (I. Das, pers. comm. via Shai Meiri, 5 Sep 2014).|
If only O.raithmai is considered to be occurring from India, then the locality records for this species in India (including those reported for O.tridactylus) are Ganganagar, Raisingnagar, Suratgarh, Sadulpur, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Pilani, Ratangarh, Sikar, Lunkaransar, Bikaner, Munabau, Sundra, Kolayat, Bap, Phalodi, Pokran, Mohangarh, Nagaur, Ramgarh, Jaisalmer, Devikot, Hindumal Kot, Osian and Jodhpur in Barmer, Jodhpur and Nagaur districts of Rajasthan (Biswas &Sanyal. 1977); Cutch (Vyas 1998); 'Punjab' (Sharma 2002) [from Dilip Venugopal 2008, pers. comm.].
|Etymology||named after the words “raith mai”, meaning sand-fish, which Sindhi and some neighboring Baluchi people use for the species.|