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Ophisaurus attenuatus BAIRD, 1880

IUCN Red List - Ophisaurus attenuatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesOphisaurus attenuatus attenuatus COPE, 1880
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus MCCONKEY 1952 
Common NamesSlender Glass Lizard
attenuatus: Western Slender Glass Lizard
longicaudus: Eastern Slender Glass Lizard 
SynonymOphisaurus attenuatus BAIRD in COPE 1880: 18
Ophisaurus ventralis attenuatus var. sulcatus COPE 1880: 18
Ophisaurus attenuatus — BOULENGER 1885: 282
Ophisaurus attenuatus var. sulcatus — BOULENGER 1885: 282
Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus — FOUQUETTE & DELAHOUSSAYE 1966
Ophisaurus attenuatus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 139
Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus MCCONKEY 1952
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — SCHMIDT 1953: 138
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — WERMUTH 1969: 30
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — PALMER & BRASWELL 1995
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, Oklahoma, E Kansas, SE Nebraska, S/E Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, SW Kentucky, SE Virginia, Illinois, S Wisconsin)

attenuatus: West of Mississippi, Illinois, Texas. Type locality: Texas

longicaudus: SE Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, west to the Mississippi, northward to Kentucky. Type locality: “12 miles southwest of Newton, Baker County, Georgia."

sulcatus: Type locality: Dallas, Texas; Holotype: ANSP 12755; Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesNeotype: USNM 15537, a male (originally no type specimen designated)
Holotype: AMNH 71305, male [longicaudus]
Holotype: ANSP 12755 [sulcatus] 

Synonymy: The form sulcatus is a synonym of O. attenuatus attenuatus according to SCHMIDT 1953. 
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Blair, Albert P. 1961. Notes on Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus (Anuguidae). Southwestern Naturalist 6 (3-4): 201 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cope, E.D. 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bull. US Natl. Mus., No. 17: 1-51 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Crump, Paul, Rachel Rommel and Haigler Pate. 2010. Geographic distribution: Ohphisaurus attenuatus attenuatus. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 378
  • Crump, Paul, Rachel Rommel and Haigler Pate. 2010. Geographic distribution: Ohphisaurus attenuatus attenuatus. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 378
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 1994. Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus (eastern slender glass lizard). USA: Florida. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 165 - get paper here
  • Fitch, Henry S. 1989. A field Study of the slender glass lizard, Ophisaurus attenuatus, in northeastern Kansas. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas (125): 1-50 - get paper here
  • Fouquette, M. J.; Jr. and A. J. Delahoussaye 1966. Noteworthy Herpetological Records from Louisiana. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 137-139 - get paper here
  • Franklin, Carl J. 2005. Geographic Distribution: Ophisaurus attenuatus (Slender Glass Lizard). Herpetological Review 36 (2):202. - get paper here
  • Frick, Michael G. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 97 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Holman, J. Alan 1971. Ophisaurus attenuatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (111): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Johnson, Jerry D.;LaDuc, Travis J. 1994. Ophisaurus attenuatus (western slender glass lizard). USA: Kansas. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 33 - get paper here
  • McConkey 1957. The subspecies Eumeces egregius, a lizard of the southeastern United States. Bull. Florida State Mus. 2 (1): 13-23 - get paper here
  • McConkey, Edwin H. 1952. A new subspecies of Ophisaurus attenuatus, with a key to the North American forms. Nat. hist. Misc. [Chicago Acad. Sci.], No. 102: 1-2
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Palmer, William M. 1988. Rediscovery of the Holotype of Ophisaurus ventralis sulcatus (COPE). Herpetological Review 19 (1): 9 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp.
  • Stains, Howard J. 1954. A westward extension of the known geographic range of the Glass Lizard, Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus Baird, in South-Central Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences 57 (4): 482 - get paper here
  • Wermuth, H. 1969. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Anguidae. Anniellidae, Xenosauridae. Das Tierreich 90: 1-42.
  • Wilgers, D.J.; Horne, E.A.; Sandercock, B.K. & Volkmann, A.W. 2006. Effects of rangeland management on community dynamics of the herpetofauna of the Tall-grass Prairie [Flint Hills, Kansas/Oklahoma]. Herpetologica 62 (4): 378-388 - get paper here
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