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Ophisaurus attenuatus BAIRD, 1880

IUCN Red List - Ophisaurus attenuatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAnguidae (Anguinae), Diploglossa, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesOphisaurus attenuatus attenuatus COPE, 1880
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus MCCONKEY 1952 
Common NamesSlender Glass Lizard
attenuatus: Western Slender Glass Lizard
longicaudus: Eastern Slender Glass Lizard 
SynonymOphisaurus attenuatus BAIRD in COPE 1880: 18
Ophisaurus ventralis attenuatus var. sulcatus COPE 1880: 18
Ophisaurus attenuatus — BOULENGER 1885: 282
Ophisaurus attenuatus var. sulcatus — BOULENGER 1885: 282
Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus — FOUQUETTE & DELAHOUSSAYE 1966
Ophisaurus attenuatus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 139
Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009

Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus MCCONKEY 1952
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — SCHMIDT 1953: 138
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — WERMUTH 1969: 30
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — PALMER & BRASWELL 1995
Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, Oklahoma, E Kansas, SE Nebraska, S/E Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, SW Kentucky, SE Virginia, Illinois, S Wisconsin)

attenuatus: West of Mississippi, Illinois, Texas. Type locality: Texas

longicaudus: SE Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, west to the Mississippi, northward to Kentucky. Type locality: “12 miles southwest of Newton, Baker County, Georgia."

sulcatus: Type locality: Dallas, Texas; Holotype: ANSP 12755; Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesNeotype: USNM 15537, a male (originally no type specimen designated)
Holotype: AMNH 71305, male [longicaudus]
Holotype: ANSP 12755 [sulcatus] 

Synonymy: The form sulcatus is a synonym of O. attenuatus attenuatus according to SCHMIDT 1953. 
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Blair, Albert P. 1961. Notes on Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus (Anuguidae). Southwestern Naturalist 6 (3-4): 201 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Coleman, Andrew W. and Greg Sievert. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus (western slender glass lizard). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 570
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cope, E.D. 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bull. US Natl. Mus., No. 17: 1-51 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Crump, Paul, Rachel Rommel and Haigler Pate. 2010. Geographic distribution: Ohphisaurus attenuatus attenuatus. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 378
  • Crump, Paul, Rachel Rommel and Haigler Pate. 2010. Geographic distribution: Ohphisaurus attenuatus attenuatus. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 378
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 1994. Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus (eastern slender glass lizard). USA: Florida. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 165 - get paper here
  • Fitch, Henry S. 1989. A field Study of the slender glass lizard, Ophisaurus attenuatus, in northeastern Kansas. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas (125): 1-50 - get paper here
  • Fouquette, M. J.; Jr. and A. J. Delahoussaye 1966. Noteworthy Herpetological Records from Louisiana. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 137-139 - get paper here
  • Franklin, Carl J. 2005. Geographic Distribution: Ophisaurus attenuatus (Slender Glass Lizard). Herpetological Review 36 (2):202. - get paper here
  • Frick, Michael G. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Ophisaurus attenuatus longicaudus. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 97 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Hill, E. Pierson, Jonathan D. Mays and Kevin M. Enge. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Ophisaurus attenuatus (Slender Glass Lizard). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 81
  • Holman, J. Alan 1971. Ophisaurus attenuatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (111): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Johnson, Jerry D.;LaDuc, Travis J. 1994. Ophisaurus attenuatus (western slender glass lizard). USA: Kansas. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 33 - get paper here
  • McConkey 1957. The subspecies Eumeces egregius, a lizard of the southeastern United States. Bull. Florida State Mus. 2 (1): 13-23 - get paper here
  • McConkey, Edwin H. 1952. A new subspecies of Ophisaurus attenuatus, with a key to the North American forms. Nat. hist. Misc. [Chicago Acad. Sci.], No. 102: 1-2
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Oyervides, Mayra and James D. Petty, III (Trey). 2015. Geographic Distribution: Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus (western slender glass lizard). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 384
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Palmer, William M. 1988. Rediscovery of the Holotype of Ophisaurus ventralis sulcatus (COPE). Herpetological Review 19 (1): 9 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp.
  • Stains, Howard J. 1954. A westward extension of the known geographic range of the Glass Lizard, Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus Baird, in South-Central Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Sciences 57 (4): 482 - get paper here
  • Stevenson, Dirk J., Christopher L. Jenkins, Kevin M. Stohlgren, John B. Jensen, David L. Bechler, Ian Deery, Daniel Duff, Sean P. Graham, Robb Herrington, Phillip Higgins, Robert V. Horan, III, Crystal Kelehear, Dylan Kelly, Kelsie Kincaid, Lance D. 2015. Significant new records of amphibians and reptiles from Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 597-601
  • Wermuth, H. 1969. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien. Anguidae. Anniellidae, Xenosauridae. Das Tierreich 90: 1-42.
  • Wilgers, D.J.; Horne, E.A.; Sandercock, B.K. & Volkmann, A.W. 2006. Effects of rangeland management on community dynamics of the herpetofauna of the Tall-grass Prairie [Flint Hills, Kansas/Oklahoma]. Herpetologica 62 (4): 378-388 - get paper here
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