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Ophisops jerdonii BLYTH, 1853

IUCN Red List - Ophisops jerdonii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Punjab-Snake-eyed Lacerta, Jerdon’s Snake eye 
SynonymOphisops jerdonii BLYTH 1853: 653
Pseudophiops theobaldi JERDON 1870: 71
Pseudophis theobaldi — BEDDOME 1870 (in error)
Ophiops bivittata JERDON in BEDDOME 1870: 172
Calosaura chaperi SAUVAGE 1884: 142
Ophiops jerdonii — BOULENGER 1887: 73
Ophiops jerdonii — HORA & CHOPRA 1923 (in error)
Ophisops jerdoni — SMITH 1935: 377
Ophisops jerdonii — DAS 1996: 49
Ophisops jerdonii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionE Afghanistan, Pakistan, N/C India (Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka,Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Haryana)

Type locality: “Mhow, in pasture land”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.4.52, ZSI 2196
Syntypes: BMNH, MNHN, fide SMITH 1935 [chaperi] 
DiagnosisDescription: “Head moderate, feebly depressed. Upper head-shields rugose, keeled and striated; nostril lateral, pierced between three or four shields, viz. an anterior, or an upper and a lower anterior nasal and two superposed postnasals; a large frontonasal; frequently one or two small azygos shields between the pair of præfrontals; four supraoculars, first and fourth small, the two principal separated from the supraciliaries by a series of granules; occipital small, sometimes a little broader than the interparietal, with which it forms a suture; subocular bordering the lip, between the fourth and Afth (or third and fourth) upper labials: temporal scales small, keeled one or two large supratemporal shields border the parietals externally; tympanic shield small or indistinct. No gular fold extending from ear to ear ; collar quite indistinct. Dorsal scales large, strongly keeled, strongly imbricate, scarcely larger on the back than on the sides 28 to 35 scales round the middle of the body (ventrals included). A large postero-median præanal plate. The hind limb reaches the shoulder or halfway between the latter and the ear in the male, not to axilla in the female. 7 to 11 femoral pores on each side. Tail once and a half to twice as long as head and body ; caudal scales about as large as dorsals. Coppery brown above, with two pale golden lateral streaks bordered with black, the upper extending from the supraciliaries to the tail, the lower from the upper lip to the groin; frequently a series of large black spots between the two lateral streaks lower surfaces yellowish white.” (Boulenger 1887: 73) 
CommentSynonymy: parlty after SMITH 1935: 375

theobaldi: Type locality: Alpine Punjab

bivittata: Type locality: Punjab

chaperi: Type locality: Bellary, Madras Pres. 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Claverhill Jerdon (1811-1872), British physician, zoologist, and botanist who became an Assistant Surgeon in the East India Company. 
References
  • Agarwal, I. and Ramakrishnan, U. 2017. A phylogeny of open-habitat lizards (Squamata: Lacertidae: Ophisops) supports the antiquity of Indian grassy biomes. J. Biogeogr., doi:10.1111/jbi.12999 - get paper here
  • Arnold, E. N. 1989. Towards a phylogeny and biogeography of the Lacertidae: relationships within an Old-World family of lizards derived from morphology. Bulletin of the British Museum (NATURAL HISTORY) ZOOLOGY 55 (2): 209-257 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R. H. 1870. Descriptions of new reptiles from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci., 2: 169-176 [Reprint.: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 327-334, 1940]
  • Beddome, R.H. 1870. Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly J. Med. Sci. 1: 30-35
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Blyth,E. 1854. Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little-known. Part I. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 22 [1853]: 639-655 - get paper here
  • Böhme,W. & Bischoff,W. 1991. On the proper denomination of Cabrita jerdonii BEDDOME, 1870 (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 12: 220-221 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • BRARHADIYA, G., AND C. GHOSH 2020. Geopraphic Distribution: Ophisops jerdonii (Jerdon’s Snake-Eyed Lizard). India: Delhi: South West District. Herpetological Review 51: 542.
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Das, Indraneil; Dattagupta, Basudeb 1997. Rediscovery of the holotypes of Ophisops jerdoni Blyth, 1853 and Barkudia insularis Annandale, 1917. . Hamadryad 22 (1): 53-55 - get paper here
  • Dutta, S.K., M.V. Nair, P.P. Mohapatra and A.K. Mahapatra. 2009. Amphibians and reptiles of Similipal Biosphere Reserve. Regional Plant Resouce Centre, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India - get paper here
  • GANESH, S.R. & S.R. CHANDRAMOULI 2017. Identifizierung von Leschenaults Schlangenaugen-Eidechse, Ophisops leschenaultii (Milne-Edwards, 1829), mit Anmerkungen zur ontogenetischen Farbveränderung. Sauria 39 (2): 68-72 - get paper here
  • HAIDER, JIBRAN; INAYATULLAH MALIK AND SABIHA SHAMIM 2019. WILDLIFE SURVEY OF NATIONAL PARKS TO ASSESS REPTILIAN BIODIVERSITY, AJK. J Biores Manag. 6 (4): 8-18 - get paper here
  • Hora, S.L.; Chopra, B. 1923. Reptilia and Batrachia of the Salt Range, Punjab. Records of the Indian Museum 4 (25): 369-376
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  • Jamal, Qaisar; Muhammad Idrees, Saif Ullah, Muhammad Adnan, Farrah Zaidi, Qaiser Zaman, and Syed Basit Rasheed 2018. Diversity and Altitudinal Distribution of Squamata in Two Distinct Ecological Zones of Dir, A Himalayan Sub-Zone of Northern Pakistan. Pakistan J. Zool., vol. 50(5), pp 1835-1839 - get paper here
  • Jerdon, T.C. 1870. Notes on Indian Herpetology. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal March 1870: 66-85 - get paper here
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  • Paira, Sanjay; Shwetadri Bhandari and Puja Ray 2022. Diversity of herpetofauna in Dantan I, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, with a note on anthropogenic impact Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 10(1): 212-219
  • Patel H, Vyas R, Dudhatra B, Naik V, Chavda A, Chauhan D, et al . 2019. Preliminary report on Herpetofauna of Mount Girnar, Gujarat, India. JAD 2019; 1 (2) - get paper here
  • Patel, H., & Vyas, R. 2020. Lost before being recognized? A new species of the genus Ophisops (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Gujarat, India. Ecologica Montenegrina 35: 31-44 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
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  • Rais, Muhammad; Ayesha Akram, Syeda Maria Ali, Muhammad Arslan Asadi, Misbah Jahangir, Muhammad Jawad Jilani, <br />and Maqsood Anwar 2015. Qualitative Analysis of Factors Influencing the Diversity and Spatial Distribution of Herpetofauna in Chakwal Tehsil (Chakwal District), Punjab, Pakistan. Herp. Cons. Biol. 10 (3) - get paper here
  • Sahi D.N., Koul S. 2020. Annotated List of Amphibians and Reptiles of Jammu and Kashmir State. In: Dar G. & Khuroo A. (eds) Biodiversity of the Himalaya: Jammu and Kashmir State. Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation, vol 18. Springer, Singapore - get paper here
  • Saikia, U.; Sharma, D.K. & Sharma, R.M. 2007. Checklist of the Reptilian fauna of Himachal Pradesh, India. Reptile Rap (8): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Sauvage, H.-E. 1884. Sur quelques Reptiles de la collection du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle. Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris (7) 8: 142-146 - get paper here
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