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Ophisops leschenaultii (MILNE-EDWARDS, 1829)

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesOphisops leschenaultii lankae DERANIYAGALA 1953
Ophisops leschenaultii leschenaultii (MILNE-EDWARDS 1829) 
Common NamesE: Leschenault’s Snake-eyed Lizard, Leschenault’s Lacerta
G: Leschenaults Schlangenaugen-Eidechse 
SynonymLacerta leschenaultii MILNE-EDWARDS 1829: 80, 86
Calosaura Leschenaultii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 262
Cabrita brunnea GRAY 1838: 282 (fide SMITH 1935)
Cabrita leschenaultii — BLANFORD 1870
Cabrita leschenaultii — BOULENGER 1887: 70
Cabrita leschenaulti — SMITH 1935: 374
Cabrita leschenaulti — DANIELS 1994
Ophisops leschenaultii — DAS 1996: 49
Ophisops leschenaultii — MURTHY 2010

Ophisops leschenaultii lankae DERANIYAGALA 1953
Cabrita leschenaultii lankae — DERANIYAGALA 1971
Ophisops leschenaultii lankae — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011 
DistributionIndia (Bihar, Orissa = Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Western Ghats [Nilgiri], Kerala, Eastern Ghats [Chitteri Hills], Tamil Nadu), E Sri Lanka  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 2753
Holotype: NMSL (probably); Paratype: NMSL [lankae] 
EtymologyNamed after Jean-Baptiste-Louis-Claude-Théodore Leschenault (1773-1826). 
  • Agarwal, I. and Ramakrishnan, U. 2017. A phylogeny of open-habitat lizards (Squamata: Lacertidae: Ophisops) supports the antiquity of Indian grassy biomes. J. Biogeogr., doi:10.1111/jbi.12999 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Daniels, R.J. Ranjit 1994. Rarity and the herpetofauna of the Southern Eastern Ghats. India. Cobra (16): 2-14
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Deraniyagala, P. 1971. A new lizard from Ceylon. Spol. Zeylan., 32: 103-105
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • GANESH, S.R. & S.R. CHANDRAMOULI 2017. Identifizierung von Leschenaults Schlangenaugen-Eidechse, Ophisops leschenaultii (Milne-Edwards, 1829), mit Anmerkungen zur ontogenetischen Farbveränderung. Sauria 39 (2): 68-72 - get paper here
  • GANESH, S.R. & S.R. CHANDRAMOULI 2018. Identification of Leschenault’s Snake-eyed Lizard Ophisops leschenaultii (Milne-Edwards, 1829) with notes on its ontogenetic colour change. Sauria 40 (4): 68 - 72 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; A. Kalaimani, P. Karthik, N. Baskaran, R. Nagarajan & S.R.Chandramouli 2018. Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India – II From Western Ghats to Coromandel Coast. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2018. Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 28-45 - get paper here
  • Gayen, N C 1999. A synopsis of the reptiles of Gujarat, western India. . Hamadryad 24 (1): 1-22 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1838. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Part 1. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 1: 274-283 - get paper here
  • JANZEN, P. 2021. Das Schlangenauge Ophisops leschenaultii (Milne-Edwards, 1829) in der Nilgala Fire Savannah auf Sri Lanka. Sauria 43 (1): 104-108 - get paper here
  • Kandamby, DharmaSri 1997. Herpetological types reposed in the National Museum Colombo, Sri Lanka. Lyriocephalus 3 (1): 31-33
  • Karthik, Pandi; Ayuthavel Kalaimani, Rathinalingam Nagarajan 2018. An inventory on herpetofauna with emphasis on conservation from Gingee Hills, Eastern-Ghats, Southern India. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology 7 (1): 2-16 - get paper here
  • Karthik, Pandi; Rathinalingam Nagarajan & Ayuthavel Kalaimani 2018. Leschenault's Snake-eye Lizard: Ecology of Ophisops leschenaultii in Pakkam Hills, Gingee, Eastern Ghats, Southern India. ZOO'S PRINT 33 (7): 6-9 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Khanduri, S., Thirumurugan, V., CS, V., Chinnasamy, R., Das, A., & Talukdar, G. 2022. A note on opportunistic records of reptiles from the Moyar River Valley Landscape, Tamil Nadu, southern India. Journal of Animal Diversity 4 (4) - get paper here
  • Kumar, Gandla Chethan; Chelmala Srinivasulu, and Kante Krishna Prasad 2017. New locality records of Leschenault’s Snake Eye, Ophisops leschenaultii (Sauria: Lacertidae) (Milne-Edwards, 1829) from Telangana State, with notes on the species’ natural history. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (1): 51–54 - get paper here
  • Milne-Edwards, M.H. 1829. Recherches zoologiques pour servir à l'histoire des lézards, extraites d'une monographie de ce genre. Ann. Sci. Nat. Paris 16: 50-89 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 1986. Lizards of the Kurnool District, Andhra, India. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 22 (3): 134-143 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Patel, H., & Vyas, R. 2020. Lost before being recognized? A new species of the genus Ophisops (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Gujarat, India. Ecologica Montenegrina 35: 31-44 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Ziesmann, S.; Klaas, P.& Janzen, P. 2007. Von Skinken und anderen Echsen [Sri Lankas]. Draco 7 (30): 18-23 - get paper here
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