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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Pushkar small-scaled snake-eye 
SynonymOphisops pushkarensis AGARWAL, KHANDEKAR, RAMAKRISHNAN, VYAS & GIRI 2018 
DistributionIndia (Rajasthan, Gujarat)

Type locality: near Pushkar (26.49318°N 74.56021°E; 505 m asl), Rajasthan, India  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2031, adult female, collected by A. Datta-Roy, T. Khichi and I. Agarwal 25 September 2009. Paratypes. NCBS AU749, adult female, near Ajmer (26.44638°N 74.68600°E; 525 m asl), Rajasthan, India, collected by V. Deepak on 17 May 2014; NCBS AU750, NCBS AU754, 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Ophisops pushkarensis sp. nov. can be distinguished from Indian congeners by the same characters that diagnose O. microlepis – large body size (SVL up to 62.7 mm), 57–62 scales around midbody and 133–148 DS (see diagnosis for O. microlepis for opposing character states in other Ophisops spp.). Ophisops pushkarensis sp. nov. is most closely related to O. microlepis and the new species described below (diagnosis against the new species provided after its description). Ophisops pushkarensis sp. nov. can be differentiated from O. microlepis by its higher number of dorsal scales (mean number of DS 139.1, range 133–148 versus 129.6, 122–136); the head relatively longer (HL 23.8% SVL, 21.1–25.0% versus HL 21.3% SVL, 20.1–22.0%) and narrower (HW/ HL 0.544, 0.519–0.591 versus 0.603, 0.570–0.630). 
CommentSimilar species: O. microlepis; reports of O. microlepis from Rajasthan likely represent O. pushkarensis. 
EtymologyThe name is for the type locality of the new species, Pushkar, in Rajasthan, India. 
  • Agarwal, Ishan; Akshay Khandekar, Uma Ramakrishnan, Raju Vyas & Varad B. Giri 2018. Two new species of the Ophisops microlepis (Squamata: Lacertidae) complex from northwestern India with a key to Indian Ophisops. Journal of Natural History 52: 819-847; DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2018.1436203 - get paper here
  • Patel, H., & Vyas, R. 2020. Lost before being recognized? A new species of the genus Ophisops (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Gujarat, India. Ecologica Montenegrina 35: 31-44 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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