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Opisthotropis rugosa (LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1890)

IUCN Red List - Opisthotropis rugosa - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLepidognathus rugosus LIDTH DE JEUDE in WEBER 1890: 187
Opisthotropis rugosa - BOULENGER 1891: 343
Opisthotropis rugosa - BOULENGER 1893: 284
Opisthotropis rugosa — BROWN & LEVITON 1961
Opisthotropis rugosa — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 374
Opisthotropis rugosa — ZIEGLER et al. 2008
Opisthotropis rugosa — WALLACH et al. 2014: 510 
DistributionIndonesia (endemic to Sumatra)

Type locality: Kajutanam, western Sumatra, Indonesia.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 4330 (Leiden) 
CommentOpisthotropis is masculine, thus the species must be called O. rugosus (fide MALKMUS et al. 2002).

Habitat: aquatic, inhabiting flowing streams.

Diet: fishes, frogs, tadpoles, freshwater shrimp and earthworms.

Behavior: nocturnal 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1891. Remarks on the herpetological fauna of Mount Kina baloo, North Borneo. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 7: 341-345 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Brown,W.C. & Leviton,A.E. 1961. Discovery of the snake genus Opisthotropis in the Philippine Islands, with description of a new species. Occasional Papers of the Natural History Museum of Stanford University (8): 1-11
  • DAVID, PATRICK; CUONG THE PHAM, TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN & THOMAS ZIEGLER 2011. A new species of the genus Opisthotropis Günther, 1872 (Squamata: Natricidae) from the highlands of Kon Tum Province, Vietnam. Zootaxa 2758: 43–56 - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • de Rooij, N. DE 1917. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 334 S.
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Mistar Kamsi 2009. On the second specimen of Opisthotropis rugosus (van Lidth de Jeude, 1890) (Colubridae, Natricinae). Hamadryad 34 (1): 107 - 110
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1890. Reptilia from the Malay Archipelago. Il. Ophidia. ln: M. WEBER: Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederländisch Ost-Indien. Leiden (E. J. Brill), 1 (2): 178-192.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; ANNE LOTTIER, PATRICK DAVID, TRUONG QUANG NGUYEN & GERNOT VOGEL 2014. A new species of the genus Opisthotropis Günther, 1872 from northern Laos (Squamata: Natricidae). Zootaxa 3774 (2): 165–182 - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • YANG, JIAN-HUAN; YIK-HEI SUNG & BOSCO PUI-LOK CHAN 2013. A new species of the genus Opisthotropis Günther, 1872 (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from Guangdong Province, China. Zootaxa 3646 (3): 289–296 - get paper here
  • YANG, JIAN-HUAN; YING-YONG WANG, BING ZHANG, MICHAEL WAI-NENG LAU & WEN-HAO CHOU 2011. Revision of the diagnostic characters of Opisthotropis maculosa Stuart and Chuaynkern, 2007 with notes on its distribution and variation, and a key to the genus Opisthotropis (Squamata: Natricidae). Zootaxa 2785: 61–68 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, Thomas; Patrick David, Vu Ngoc Thanh 2008. A new natricine snake of the genus Opisthotropis from Tam Dao, Vinh Phuc Province, northern Vietnam (Squamata, Colubridae). Zoosystematics and Evolution 84 (2): 197 -203
 
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