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Ornithuroscincus nototaenia (BOULENGER, 1914)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma nototaenia BOULENGER 1914: 256
Lygosoma (Hinulia) nototaenia — DE ROOIJ 1915: 181
Sphenomorphus nototaenia — LOVERIDGE 1948
Lipinia nototaenia — SHEA & GREER 2002
Lipinia nototaenia — DAS & AUSTIN 2007
Ornithuroscincus nototaenia — SLAVENKO et al. 2021 
DistributionPapua New Guinea

Type locality: Launch Camp, Setekwa River; now Southern Irian Jaya.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.17.56 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short, obtuse; lower eyelid scaly; ear-opening oval, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; frontonasal more broad than long, in contact with the rostral and with the frontal; latter as long as frontoparietals and interparietal together, in contact with the two anterior supraoculars; four supraoculars; eight supraciliaries; fronto- parietals and interparietal equal; parietals in contact; a pair of temporals and three pair of nuchals; fifth upper labial below the eye. Body with 24 smooth scales round the middle, the two vertebral series enlarged, more than twice as broad as long; the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and a half in that between axilla and groin; praeanals enlarged. Tail thick, about one time and one third the length of head and body. Limbs short, overlapping when adpressed; digits short, compressed, fourth toe with 18 smooth lamellae below (de Rooij 1915: 181).

Coloration: Reddish-brown above, with a broad blackish-brown vertebral streak, sometimes broken up into spots; a light dorso-lateral streak, edged below with blackish; flanks, sides of head, and limbs blackish-brown, dotted with white; tail reddish-brown with a series of dark spots on each side, the spots separated by light vertical lines. Lower parts brownish-white,tail spotted with brown (de Rooij 1915: 181).

Size: Length of head and body 48 mm; tail (reproduced) 62 mm (de Rooij 1915: 181). 
CommentSVL to 47.5 mm; external ear opening present; 24–25 midbody scale rows; 52–55 longitudinal scale rows between parietals and base of tail; seven supralabials (from DAS & AUSTIN 2007).

Has been confused with Sphenomorphus minutus. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1914. An annotated list of the batrachians and reptiles collected by the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition and the Wollaston Expedition in Dutch New Guinea. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 20 (5): 247-275 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Austin, C.C. 2007. New Species of Lipinia (Squamata: Scincidae) from Borneo, Revealed by Molecular and Morphological Data. Journal of Herpetology 41 (1): 61 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1948. New Guinean reptiles and amphibians in the Museum of Comparative Zoology and United States National Museum. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 101 (2): 305-430. - get paper here
  • Shea, G. 2008. A range extension for Lipinia nototaenia (Boulenger, 1914) (Squamata: Scincidae) and the reproductive mode of the species. Hamadryad 32 (1): 69-70 - get paper here
  • Shea, G.M. 2007. A range extension for Lipinia nototaenia (Boulenger, 1914) (Squamata : Scincidae) and the reproductive mode of the species. Hamadryad 32 (1): 80-81 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer 2002. From Sphenomorphus to Lipinia: Generic reassignment of two poorly known New Guinea skinks. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 148-156 - get paper here
  • Slavenko, Alex, Karin Tamar, Oliver J. S. Tallowin, Fred Kraus, Allen Allison, Salvador Carranza & Shai Meiri. 2021. Revision of the montane New Guinean skink genus Lobulia (Squamata: Scincidae), with the description of four new genera and nine new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 195 (1): 220–278 - get paper here
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