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Ovophis tonkinensis (BOURRET, 1934)

IUCN Red List - Ovophis tonkinensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesE: Tonkin pitviper
Chinese: 越南烙铁头蛇 
SynonymTrimeresurus tonkinensis BOURRET 1934
Ovophis monticola tonkinensis — BURGER in HOGE & ROMANO-HOGE 1981: 247
Ovophis tonkinensis — WELCH 1994: 95
Ovophis monticola — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 319
Ovophis tonkinensis — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Ovophis tonkinensis — MALHOTRA et al. 2011
Ovophis tonkinensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 514 
DistributionVietnam, China (Guangdong, Hainan; HR 26: 257)

Type locality: Tam-Dao (province de Vinh-yén, Tonkin, elevation 900 m), and Chapa, province de Laokay (Tonkin), à l’altitude moyenne de 1,600 m according to BOURRET (1934).  
TypesHolotype: VNUH M.261 (= HNUV R560) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: fourth supralabial larger than the third, predominantly single subcaudals , 127–145 ventral scales. [MALHOTRA et al. 2011, Appendix G] 
CommentVenomous! Status unclear. See MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ (1999) for a discussion. 
  • Bourret, R. 1934. Notes herpétologiques sur l'Indochine Française I. Ophidiens de Chapa. Bull. Gen. Instr. Pub. Hanoi 7 (March 1934): 129-138
  • Fong, Jonathan J; Alessandro Grioni, Paul Crow, Ka-shing Cheung 2017. Morphological and genetic verification of Ovophis tonkinensis (Bourret, 1934) in Hong Kong. Herpetology Notes 10: 457-461
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Hoge & ROMANO-Hoge 1981. Poisonous snakes of the world. Part I. Check list of the pit vipers, Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae. Mem. Inst. Butantan 42/43 [1978-1979]: 179-309 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, Anita; Karen Dawson, Peng Guo and Roger S. Thorpe 2011. Phylogenetic structure and species boundaries in the mountain pitviper Ovophis monticola (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae) in Asia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 59 (2): 444-457 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, N.; Barabanov, A.; Ryabov, S. & Khalikov, R. 2002. Diversity of vipers (Azemiopinae, Crotalinae) in East, Southeast, and South Asia: annotated checklist and natural history data (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 23: 177-218
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • ZHANG Liang; WEI Qi-Lang; JIANG Ke; YU Bao-Cheng; TANG Xiao-Ping; DANG Xiao-Long; HU Hui-Jian 2011. Ovophis tonkinensis:A New Snake Record in Guangdong Province. Chinese J. Zool. - get paper here
  • Zhao, E.M. 2006. The snakes of China [in Chinese]. Hefei, China, Anhui Sience & Technology Publ. House, Vol. I, 372 pp., Vol. II (color plates), 280 pp.
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