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Oxybelis aeneus (WAGLER, 1824)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Brown vinesnake, Mexican Vine Snake
G: Erzspitznatter 
SynonymDryinus aeneus WAGLER 1824: 12
Coluber acuminatus WIED 1824: 667
Dryinus auratus BELL 1825
Oxybelis aeneus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 819
Dryophis vittatus GIRARD 1854
Dryiophis acuminata — COPE 1878: 34
Oxybelis acuminatus - BOCOURT 1897
Oxybelis argenteus - BOCOURT 1897
Oxybelis acuminatus — BARBOUR 1916
Oxybelis microphthalmus BARBOUR & AMARAL 1926
Oxybelis acuminatus — STUART 1935: 53
Oxybelis potosiensis TAYLOR 1941
Oxybelis auratus — HALL 1951
Oxybelis aeneus auratus — DAVIS & SMITH 1953
Oxybelis aeneus auratus — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955
Oxybelis aeneus — GASC & RODRIGUES 1980
Oxybelis aeneus auratus — WEBB 1984
Oxybelis aeneus — STEBBINS 1985: 220
Oxybelis aeneus - VILLA et al. 1988
Oxybelis aeneus — LINER 1994
Oxybelis aeneus — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999
Oxybelis argenteus — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999 (as valid species)
Oxybelis aeneus — LEHR 2002: 95
Oxibelis aeneus — PORRAS 2006 (in error)
Oxybelis aeneus — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (Arizona),
Mexico (Yucatan, Aguascalientes, Tamaulipas, Campeche, Quéretaro, Jalisco), Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras,
Belize, Nicaragua (incl. Corn island), Costa Rica, Panama,
Colombia, Venezuela (Mérida [Esqueda & La Marca 1999]), Isla Margarita, Ecuador, Brazil (Amazonia, Distrito Federal, Minas Gerais, Rondonia, Roraima, Pará, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Mato Grosso, S Ceará, Piauí), Peru (Ancash [HR 31: 56]), Bolivia, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Trinidad, Tobago; elevation (Honduras): 120 m

Type locality: Solimöens, Tefé, Amazonas, Brazil.

potosiensis: Mexico (San Luis Potosí); Type locality: Mexico: 32 mi N Ciudad Maiz, San Luis Potosí; E. H. Taylor; Summer, 1940. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MCZ R-22417 [microphthalmus]
Lectotype: ZSM 2645/0, female, collected by Spix and Martius expedition to Brazil 1817-1820.
Holotype: AMNH R3886 [Coluber acuminatus]
Holotype: UIMNH 5069 (23614) [Oxybelis potosiensis] 
CommentRelative abundance in Honduras: infrequent

Max. total length: > 1 m 
EtymologyNamed after its color: Latin “aenea/-us” = bronze, copper, or ore. 
References
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