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Oxyrhabdium modestum (DUMÉRIL, 1853)

IUCN Red List - Oxyrhabdium modestum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLamprophiidae, Cyclocorinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesPhilippine Shrub Snake 
SynonymSténognathe modestus DUMÉRIL 1853: 72
Stenognathus modestus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 504
Stenognathus modestus — GÜNTHER 1873: 169
Geophis schadenbergi FISCHER 1885: 93
Geophis modestus — BOETTGER 1896: 77 (part.)
Oxyrhabdium modestum — BOULENGER 1893: 302
Oxyrhabdium modestum — LEVITON 1964: 410
Oxyrhabdium modestum — HALLERMANN 2007
Oxyrhabdium modestum — WALLACH et al. 2014: 517 
DistributionPhilippines (Basilan, Bohol, Dinagat, Leyte, Mindanao, Negros, Samar)

Type locality: see comment (in error)  
TypesSyntype: MNHN-RA 7301 and MNHN-RA 7301A, BMNH 1946.1.13.98 
CommentSynonymy: GÜNTHER 1873 and LEVITON 1964 list Rhabdosoma leporinum as a synonym of Stenognathus modestus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON.

Distribution: the original type locality, “Java” is in error.

Type species: Sténognathus modestus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854 is the type species of the genus Oxyrhabdium BOULENGER 1893. 
  • Beukema, W. 2011. Herpetofauna of disturbed forest fragments on the lower Mt. Kitanglad Rnage, Mindanao Isand, Philippines. Salamandra 47 (2): 90-98 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Duméril, ANDRÉ MARIE CONSTANT 1853. Prodrome de la classifcation des reptiles ophidiens. Mém. Acad. Sci., Paris, 23: 399-536 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J. G. 1885. Ichthyologische und herpetologische Bemerkungen. V. Herpetologische Bemerkungen. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 2: 82-121 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1873. Notes on some reptiles and batrachians obtained by Dr. Bernhard Meyer in Celebes and the Philippine Islands. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1873: 165-172 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2007. Zur Geschichte der herpetologischen Sammlung des Zoologischen Museums Hamburgs, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung von Dr. Johann Gustav Fischer (1819 - 1889). Sekretär 7 (1): 20-32
  • Leviton, A.E. 1957. A review of the Philippine snakes of the genus Oxyrhabdium (Serpentes, Colubridae). Wasmann Journal of Biology 15 (2): 285–303 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E. 1964. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. VI. The snakes of the genus Oxyrhabdion. Philippine J. Sci. 93: 407-422 - get paper here
  • Sanguila MB, Cobb KA, Siler CD, Diesmos AC, Alcala AC, Brown RM 2016. The amphibians and reptiles of Mindanao Island, southern Philippines, II: the herpetofauna of northeast Mindanao and adjacent islands. ZooKeys 624: 1–132, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.624.9814 - get paper here
  • Smith, Brian E. 1993. Notes on a collection of squamate reptiles from eastern Mindanao, Philippine Islands part 2: Serpentes. Asiatic Herpetological Research 5: 96-102 - get paper here
  • Supsup, Christian E.; Faith M. Guinto, Bernard R. Redoblado, Rai S. Gomez 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from the Mt. Hamiguitan Range of eastern Mindanao Island, Philippines: new distribution records Check List 13 (3): 2121 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weinell, J. L., & Brown, R. M. 2017. Discovery of an old, archipelago-wide, endemic radiation of Philippine snakes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 119: 144–150 [2018] - get paper here
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