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Oxyrhopus leucomelas (WERNER, 1916)

IUCN Red List - Oxyrhopus leucomelas - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Werner's False Coral Snake 
SynonymTropidodipsas leucomelas WERNER 1916: 310
Tripanurgos leucomelas — DOWNS 1961
Oxyrhopus leucomelas — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970
Oxyrhopus leucomelas — LYNCH 2009
Oxyrhopus leucomelas — WALLACH et al. 2014: 518 
DistributionE Ecuador, E Peru, Colombia, Venezuela

Type locality: Cañon de Tolima (near Ibagué, Tolima)  
TypesHolotype: MZM (also as LMB), a 240 mm female (Fassl, Jan.-March 1910). 
CommentThis is the only species of Oxyrhopus in Colom- bia having complete body bands but also is distinctive for having fewer scale rows (17, reducing to 15). 
  • Calcaño, Daniel and César L. Barrio-Amorós. 2010. Geographic distribution: Oxyrhopus leucomelas. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 381 - get paper here
  • Calcaño, Daniel and César L. Barrio-Amorós. 2010. Geographic distribution: Oxyrhopus leucomelas. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 381 - get paper here
  • Downs, Floyd L. 1961. Generic reallocation of Tropidodipsas leucomelas Werner. Copeia 1961 (4): 383-387 - get paper here
  • Henle K. and EHRL A. 1991. Zur Reptilienfauna Perus nebst Beschreibung eines neuen Anolis (Iguanidae) und zweier neuer Schlangen (Colubridae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 42 (2): 143 - 180. - get paper here
  • Lynch, J.D. 2009. Snakes of the genus Oxyrhopus (Colubridae: Squamata) in Colombia: taxonomy and geographic variation. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 49(25):319-337 - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela. Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Torres-Carvajal O, Pazmiño-Otamendi G, Salazar-Valenzuela D. 2019. Reptiles of Ecuador: a resource-rich portal, with a dynamic checklist and photographic guides. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13 (1): [General Section]: 209–229 (e178) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werner,F. 1916. Bemerkungen über einige niedere Wirbeltiere der Anden von Kolumbien mit Beschreibungen neuer Arten. Zool. Anz. 47: 301-311 - get paper here
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