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Oxyuranus microlepidotus (MCCOY, 1879)

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Higher TaxaElapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Fierce Snake, Inland Taipan
G: Schreckensotter, Kleinschuppenschlange, Australischer Inlandtaipan 
SynonymDiemenia microlepidota MCCOY 1879
Diemenia ferox MACLEAY 1882: 812
Pseudechis ferox — BOULENGER 1896
Pseudechis microlepidotus — BOULENGER 1896
Parademansia microlepidota — KINGHORN 1955
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — COVACEVICH et al. 1981
Oxyuranus scutellatus microlepidotus
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — WELCH 1994: 97
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — COGGER 2000: 662
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — MATTISON 2007: 260
Oxyuranus microlepidotus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 521 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria)

Type locality: "junction of Murray and Darling," [Rivers, northwestern Victoria, Australia].  
TypesLectotype, NMV D12354 (orig. 493 and R 12871) (W. Blandowski), designated by Coventry, 1970: 121. 
CommentVenomous! Maybe the most venomous snake of the world. The toxin from one bite may be sufficient to kill 250,000 mice (PREISSLER 2004). 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Covacevich J & Wombey, J 1976. Recognition of Parademansia microlepidotus (McCoy), Elapidae, a dangerous Australian snake. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 87:29-32
  • Covacevich, J., McDowell, S.B., Tanner, C. & Mengdon, G. 1980. The relationship of the taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus) and the small-scaled snake (O. microlepidotus), Serpentes: Elapidae. Proc. Aust. Herp. Symposium (Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, Parkville): 160-168.
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1955. Herpetological notes. No. 5. Rec. Austral. Mus. 23: 283-286 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Macleay, W. 1882. Description of two new species of snakes. Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 6: 811-813 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. The New Encyclopedia of Snakes. Princeton University Press
  • McCoy, F. 1879. Diemenia superciliosa (Fischer) The common brown snake; Diemenia microlepidota (McCoy) Small-scaled brown snake, Diemenia aspidorhyncha (McCoy) The shield-fronted brown snake. [...] Prod. Zool. Vict. 3: 11-13. - get paper here
  • Mirtschin, P. J.; Reid, R. B. 1982. Occurrence and distribution of the Inland Taipan Oxyuranus microlepidotus (Reptilia: Elapidae) in South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Australia 106:213-214. - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Preißler, D. 2004. Alles über Schlangen. Draco 5 (17): 4-21 - get paper here
  • Read J L. 1994. A major range extension and new ecological data on Oxyuranus microlepidotus (Reptilia: Elapidae). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 118 (1-2): 143-145 - get paper here
  • Seung Hoon, Cha 2012. Snake, the world most beautifull curve [in Korean]. Hownext, 304 pp. [ISBN 978-89-965656-7-3] - get paper here
  • Strimple, Peter D.;Covacevich, Jeanette 1997. The Taipans of Australia & New Guinea. Reptiles 5 (12): 32-45
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wachtel, Eric 2018. Ein Traum wird wahr: 6 Monate unterwegs durch Australien. Ophidia 12 (2): 12-23
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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