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Pachydactylus capensis (SMITH, 1846)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCape Thick-toed Gecko 
SynonymTarentola capensis SMITH 1846: 50
Pachydactylus elegans GRAY 1845 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Pachydactylus capensis — SMITH 1849
Pachydactylus capensis — BOULENGER 1885: 202
Pachydactylus obscurus [THOMINOT 1889]
Pachydactylus tessellatus WERNER 1910 (non P. laevigatus tesselatus FITZS.)
Pachydactylus leopardinus STERNFELD 1911: 418 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Pachydactylus mentalis HEWITT 1926: 475 (fide LOVERIDGE 1947)
Pachydactylus capensis levyi FITZSIMONS 1933
Pachydactylus capensis capensis — FITZSIMONS 1935: 528
Pachydactylus capensis levyi — LOVERIDGE 1947
Pachydactylus capensis — FITZSIMONS & BRAIN 1958
Pachydactylus capensis levyi — WERMUTH 1965: 117
Pachydactylus capensis capensis — AUERBACH 1987: 83
Pachydactylus capensis — KLUGE 1993
Pachydactylus capensis — RÖSLER 2015 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (S Longhope, Great Fish River),
Congo (Upemba See/Mabwe), Democratic Republic of the Congo = Zaire (Shaba), Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique (Lake Nyassa), Malawi, Zambia

Type locality: South Africa. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1865.5.4.51 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentThe former subspecies oshaughnessyi and katanganus have been elevated to full species and subspecies of oshaughnessyi, respectively. P. c. tigrinus and P. c. vansoni also have been elevated to full species. Not corrected for the removal of oshaughnessyi.

Variation: this species is quite variable; see Barts et al. 2013 for a series of photos illustrating pattern and color variants. 
References
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • BARTS, M., J. BOONE & F. MÜLLER 2013. Die Dickfingergeckos des südlichen Afrikas – Teil XIV: Der Kap-Dickfingergecko Pachydactylus capensis (SMITH, 1846). Sauria 35 (1): 31-44 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. & Lamb, T. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of southern African geckos in the Pachydactylus group (Squamata: Gekkonidae). African Journal of Herpetology 54 (2): 105-129 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M., and Lamb, T. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among members of the Pachydactylus capensis group of southern African geckos. African Zoology 37: 209-220. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1896. Descriptions of two new lizards from the Transvaal. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 17: 21—22 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, William R.; Aaron M. Bauer, Todd R. Jackman, and Matthew Heinicke 2011. A New Species of the Pachydactylus weberi Complex (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Namibrand Reserve, Southern Namibia. Breviora (524): 1-15. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • CONRADIE, W., DOUCETTE-RIISE, S., VANHOOYDONCK, B., ENGELBRECHT,<br />H., MEASEY, G.J., & TOLLEY, K. 2011. Herpetological survey of Rooipoort Nature Reserve, Northern Cape, South Africa. African Herp News (53): 35-41
  • Conradie, Werner; Brian Reeves , Neil Brown, & Jan A. Venter 2016. Herpetofauna of the Oviston, Commando Drift and Tsolwana nature reserves in the arid interior of the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa Indago Vol. 32 (2016) 81 - get paper here
  • de Witte, G. F. 1953. Reptiles. Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba. Mission G. F. de Witte en collaboration avec W. Adam, A. Janssens, L. Van Meel et R. Verheyen (1946–1949). Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge. Brussels, vol. 6, 322 pp. - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, V. F. 1935. Notes on a collection of reptiles and amphibians made in the Southern Kalahari, Bushmanland, and Great and Little Namaqualand. Ann. Transvaal Mus., Pretoria 17: 519-550 - get paper here
  • Fitzsimons, V.F.M.; Brain, C.K. 1958. A Short account of the Reptiles of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Koedoe, 1(1): 99-104 - get paper here
  • FitzSimons, VIVIAN 1933. Description of five new lizards from the Transvaal and Southern Rhodesia. Ann. Transvaal Mus. 15 (2): 273-280. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1910. A Key to the South African Species of Geckonidae, Scincidae, Gerrhosauridae, and Lacertidae, together with some Notes on the Specific Characters and a Brief Summary of the Known Facts of their Distribution. Ann. Transvaal Mus. (Pretoria) 2 (3): 77-115. - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1926. Some new or little-known reptiles and batrachians from South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 20: 473—490
  • Hewitt, J. 1927. Further descriptions of reptiles and batrachians from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. (Grahamstown) 3 (5): 371-415
  • Loveridge,A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 1971. Lizard species density in the Kalahari Desert. Ecology 52 (6): 1024-1029 - get paper here
  • Roux,J. 1907. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna von Süd-Afrika. Ergebnisse einer Reise von Prof. Max Weber im Jahre 1894. VII. Lacertilia (Eidechsen). Zool. Jahrb., Abt. Syst., Geogr. Biol. Tiere (Jena), 25: 403-444 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
  • Smith, A. 1838. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, consisting chiefly of Figures and Descriptions of the Objects of Natural History collected during an Expedition into the Interior of South Africa, in the years 1834, 1835, and 1836 . . . Vol. 3, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London [This series was published in 28 parts; see Waterhouse 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1880:489-491, and Jentink 1893, Notes Leyden Mus. 15:182, for publication dates and contents.] - get paper here
  • Smith,A. 1846. Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1911. Zur Herpetologie Südostafrikas. Mitteilung aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin, 5: 413-420. - get paper here
  • Thominot, A. 1889. Observations sur quelques reptiles et batraciens de la collection du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Bulletin de la Société Philomathique de Paris (8) 1:21—30 - get paper here
 
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