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Paleosuchus palpebrosus (CUVIER, 1807)

IUCN Red List - Paleosuchus palpebrosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAlligatoridae, Crocodylia, crocodiles (alligators) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Dwarf caiman, Cuvier's smooth-fronted caiman
Local names: Jacaré pagua, Cachirre, Cocodrilo, Musky caiman.
G: Brauen-Glattstirnkaimans 
SynonymCrocodilus palpebrosus CUVIER 1807: 35
Jacaretinga moschifer SPIX 1825 (fide DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 69)
Champsa gibbiceps NATTERER 1840: 324
Champsa palpebrosa — WAGLER 1830: 140
Alligator palpebrosus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 67
Paleosuchus palpebrosus — KING & BURKE 1989
Paleosuchus palpebrosus — GORZULA & SEÑARIS 1999 
DistributionBolivia, Brazil (Goias etc.), Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, NE Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Venezuela.

Type locality: "Cayenne," French Guiana. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 7530, according to Vaillant 1898, and MNHN 7531 according to Vaillant 1898. 
CommentSlightly larger distribution than that of the sympatric Paleosuchus trigonatus, extending into Paraguay and further into Brazil

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Barban Zucoloto, Rodrigo; Priscilla Marqui Schmidt Villela; Luciano Martins Verdade and Luiz Lehmann 2006. Cross-species microsatellite amplification in South American Caimans (Caiman spp and Paleosuchus palpebrosus). Genetics and Molecular Biology 29 (1): 75-78
  • Bernarde, Paulo Sérgio;, Reginaldo Assêncio Machado & Luiz Carlos Batista Turci 2011. Herpetofauna da área do Igarapé Esperança na Reserva Extrativista Riozinho da Liberdade, Acre – Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 11 (3): 117-144 - get paper here
  • Campos, Zilca and Tãnia M. Sanaiotti. 2006. Paleosuchus palpebrosus Nesting. Herpetological Review 37 (1): 81 - get paper here
  • Campos, Zilca; Sanaiotti, Tânia; Magnusson, William E. 2010. Maximum size of dwarf caiman, Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Cuvier, 1807), in the Amazon and habitats surrounding the Pantanal, Brazil. Amphibia-Reptilia 31: 439-442 - get paper here
  • Campos, Zilca; William E. Magnusson, and Vanílio Marques 2013. Growth Rates of Paleosuchus palpebrosus at the Southern Limit of its Range Herpetologica Dec 2013, Vol. 69, No. 4: 405-410. - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. 1807. Sur les différentes especes de crocodiles vivans et sur leurs caracteres distinctifs. Ann. Natl. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 10: 8-86.
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Magnusson W E 1992. Paleosuchus palpebrosus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 554: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Magnusson W E 1992. Paleosuchus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 553: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Medem, F. 1953. Contribuciones a la taxonomía y distribución del yacaré negro, Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Cuvier) en Colombia Rev. Colomb. Antropologia 1 (1): 409-419
  • Medem, F. 1967. El genero Paleosuchus en Amazonia Atas do Simp.sobre Biota Amaz. 3: 141-162
  • Medem, F. 1972. El primer nacimiento de Paleosuchus palpebrosus (Crocodylia, Alligatoridae) Rev. Acad. Colomb. Ci., Ex., Fis., Nat. 53: 33-36
  • Miles, Lee G.; Stacey L. Lance; Sally R. Isberg; <br />Chris Moran; Travis C. Glenn 2009. Cross-species amplification of microsatellites in crocodilians: assessment and applications for the future. Conserv Genet. 10:935–954
  • Natterer, Johann 1840. Beitrag zur näheren Kenntniss der südamerikanischen Alligatoren, nach gemeinschaftlichen Untersuchungen mit L.J. Fitzinger. Ann. naturhist. Hof. Mus. Wien 2: 311-324
  • Nickel, H. & Auliya, M. 2004. Krokodile - faszinierende Überlebenskünstler. Draco 5 (20): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Piras, Paolo; Luciano Teresi; Angela D. Buscalioni and Jorge Cubo 2009. The shadow of forgotten ancestors differently constrains the fate of Alligatoroidea and Crocodyloidea. Global Ecology and Biogeography (Global Ecol. Biogeogr.) 18: 30–40
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roos, Jonas; Ramesh K. Aggarwal, Axel Janke 2007. Extended mitogenomic phylogenetic analyses yield new insight into crocodylian evolution and their survival of the Cretaceous–Tertiary boundary. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 663–673 - get paper here
  • Scott, N.J.;Aquino, A.L.;Fitzgerald, L.A. 1990. Distribution, habitats, and conservation of the caimans (Alligatoridae) of Paraguay Vida Silv. Neotrop. 2 (2): 43-51
  • Silva Campos, Z.M. da; Coutinho, M.E. & Abercrombie, C. 2004. Ecologia e status de conservação do jacaré-paguá nas montanhas do Amolar, Pantanal Sul. Comunicado Técnico 31: 1-4
  • Spix, J. B. von 1825. Animalia nova sive species nova lacertarum quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspicius Maximiliani Josephi I Bavariae Regis suscepto collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Lipsiae: T. O. Weigel; F. S. Hübschmanni, Monachii, 26 pp.
  • Thireau, Michel;Sprackland, Robert George;Sprackland, Teri 1998. A report on Seba's specimens in the herpetological collection of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, and their status as Linnaean types. The Linnean 13 (4): 38-45 - get paper here
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Crocodilians. Their natural history and captive husbandry. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia GB 48: 8-10]
  • Trutnau, L. & Sommerlad, R. 2006. Krokodile - Biologie und Haltung. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 646 pp. [review in Reptilia Münster 11 (6): 95-96]
  • Vaillant, M.L. 1898. Contribution à l'Etude des émydosaurians. Catalogue raisonné des jacaretinga et alligator de la collection du museum. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris (3) 10: 143-212 - get paper here
  • Vaz-Silva, W. et al. 2007. Herpetofauna, Espora Hydroelectric Power Plant, state of Goiás, Brazil. Check List 3 (4): 338-345 - get paper here
  • Wermuth,H. & Fuchs,K. 1978. Bestimmen von Krokodilen und ihrer Häute. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart - New York, 100 pages, [ISBN 3-437-30268-X]
  • Willis, Ray E. 2009. Transthyretin gene (TTR) intron 1 elucidates crocodylian phylogenetic relationships. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (3): 1049-1054 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T. & Olbort, S. 2004. Genitalstrukturen und Geschlechtsunterscheidung bei Krokodilen. Draco 5 (20): 39-47 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T.; Behrmann, H.-J.; Beek, B. & Rütz, N. 2004. Erste Naturbruten des Brauen-Glattstirnkaimans (Paleosuchus palpebrosus) im Aquarium des Kölner Zoos Draco 5 (20): 28-31 - get paper here
 
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