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Pamelaescincus gardineri (BOULENGER, 1909)

IUCN Red List - Pamelaescincus gardineri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesG: Gardiner-Skink
E: Gardiner’s skink 
SynonymScelotes gardineri BOULENGER 1909
Amphiglossus gardineri — VESEY-FITZGERALD & PARKER 1947
Scelotes gardineri — EVANS & EVANS 1980
Pamelaescincus gardineri — GREER 1970
Pamelaescincus gardineri — BRYGOO 1981
Pamelaescincus gardineri — AUSTIN & ARNOLD 2006 

Type locality: Chateau Margot, Mahé, Praslin Island, Mare aux Cochons, Mahé, Seychelles  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1907.10.15.82, Chateau Margot, Mahé, Seychelles, collected J. Stanley Gardiner; 1907.10.15.83-84, Praslin I., Seychelles, collected J. Stanley Gardiner; 1946.8.2.81-82 (formerly 1907.10.15.155-156), Mare aux Cochons, Mahé, Seychelles, collected J. Stanley Gardiner; 1946.8.3.10 (formerly 1906.11.8.3), Mahé, Seychelles, collected Mr Meade Waldo. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Similar to Gongylomorphus and the following genus and differing from all other scincine skinks in having the palatines and palatal rami of the pterygoids meeting medially to form a broad secondary palate (Fig. 7 in GREER 1970].), and in having 11, instead of 10 or fewer, premaxillary teeth. Among the Seychelles and Mauritius scincines, which appear to be the genus' closest relatives, Tamelaescincus is most similar in palatal characters to Gongylomorphus, but differs from this monotypic Mauritius genus in lacking both the frontoparietal scales and the clear spectacle in the lower eyelid. Pamelaescincus is similar to other Seychelles seincines in lacking frontoparietals (which all other subsaharan Africa and Madagascar seincines have) and in having scaly eyelids; but differs from these species in lacking the posterior emargination of the palatal rami of the pterygoids (Fig. 7), in having 5 instead of only 4 fingers, and in having a high midbody scale count (30 to 34 instead of 22 to 24) [from GREER 1970]. 
CommentType species: Scelotes gardineri BOULENGER 1909 is the type species of the genus Pamelaescincus GREER 1970. 
EtymologyNamed after John Stanley Gardiner (1872-1946), British zoologist and oceanographer. He was Professor of Zoology and Comparative Anatomy, Cambridge (1909-1937).

Etymology (genus): named after Pamela Greer, the older of the two sisters of Alan Greer. 
  • Austin, J. J. & Arnold, E.N. 2006. Using ancient and recent DNA to explore relationships of extinct and endangered Leiolopisma skinks (Reptilia: Scincidae) in the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39 (2): 503-511 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. & F. Luttenberger 1986. Beobachtungen an Pamelaescincus gardineri (Reptilia: Scincidae) auf den Seychellen. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 37: 295-300 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1909. A list of the freshwater fishes, batrachians and reptiles obtained by Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner's expedition to the Indian Ocean. Trans. Linn. Soc. 12: 291-300 - get paper here
  • Brygoo,E.R. 1981. Systématique des lézards scincides de la région malgache. IX. Nouvelles unités taxinomiques pour les Scelotes s.l. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris, 4th ser., Sect. A., 3 (4): 1193-1204
  • Evans P G H; Evans J B 1980. The ecology of lizards on Praslin Islands, Seychelles. Journal of Zoology 191(2): 171-192
  • Greer, Allen E. 1970. The systematics and evolution of the Subsaharan Africa, Seychelles, and Mauritius Scincine Scincid lizards. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 140 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • PAWLOWSKI, S. 2013. Habitatbeobachtungen an den Skinken Pamelaescincus gardineri (BOULENGER, 1909), Janetaescincus braueri (BOETTGER, 1896) und Janetaescincus veseyfitzgeraldi (PARKER, 1947) auf den Inneren Seychellen. Sauria 35 (2): 23-30 - get paper here
  • PAWLOWSKI, S. 2016. Herpetological impressions from Aride Island, Seychelles. Sauria 38 (1): 48-53 - get paper here
  • PAWLOWSKI, S. 2019. Die Herpetologie von Aride Island, Seychellen Elaphe 2019 (5): 48-55
  • Pawlowski, S. & Krämer, C. 2009. Zur Herpetologie des Vallée de Mai auf Praslin, Seychellen. Sauria 30 (4): 19-27 [2008] - get paper here
  • Pawlowski, S. & Krämer, C. 2009. Zur Herpetologie des Flu Catcher National Parks auf La Digue, Seychellen. Sauria 31 (3): 25-33 - get paper here
  • Valente, Joana; Sara Rocha & D. James Harris 2014. Differentiation within the endemic burrowing skink Pamelaescincus gardineri, across the Seychelles islands, assessed by mitochondrial and nuclear markers. African Journal of Herpetology 63: 25-33 - get paper here
  • Vesey-Fitzgerald, Desmond 1947. Reptiles and amphibians from the Seychelles Archipelago. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (11) 14: 577-584 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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