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Panaspis maculicollis JACOBSON & BROADLEY, 2000

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Speckle-lipped Snake-eyed Skink, Spotted-neck Snake-eyed Skink 
SynonymPanaspis maculicollis JACOBSON & BROADLEY 2000
Cryptoblepharus wahlbergii A. SMITH 1849: 10
Afroablepharus maculicollis — SCHMITZ et al. 2005
Afroablepharus maculicollis — BATES et al. 2014: 256
Panaspis maculicollis — MEDINA et al. 2016
Panaspis maculicollis — PIETERSEN et al. 2021 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa, NE Namibia, N Botswana, Angola, W Zimbabwe, Zambia

Type locality: Klein Tshipise, Mutale District, Northern Province, South Africa.  
TypesHolotype: DNMNH (= TM) 76922, an adult male. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small slender species of Panaspis with an ablepharine eye; no supranasals; frontoparietals fused; mostly 26 scales at midbody and conical palmar tubercles. Males exhibit a blackish patch on the side of the neck in which vertical or diagonal lines of white spots are spaced at intervals of 2-3 scales; when in breeding condition males have orange colouration restricted to chin and throat (i.e., the converse of the colour pattern in male P wahlbergii from the Bazamto Archipelago).

Diagnosis. Panaspis maculicollis can be distinguished from other members of the genus occurring in Angola by the following combination of characteristics: 1) absence of supranasals; 2) ablepharine eye (as defined by Greer 1974); 3) frontoparietals fused; 4) dorsum coppery-brown, with a dorsolateral light stripe extending ap- proximately to midbody, and a thin darker band starting on the temporals and extending to midbody; 5) presence of rows of light spots on the neck; 6) absence of a white ventrolateral stripe; 7) 22 to 28 midbody scales rows (usually 26) (from Ceríaco et al. 2020: 96). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet refers to the spotted neck, characteristic of adult males. 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • CERÍACO, LUIS M. P.; MATTHEW P. HEINICKE, KELLY L. PARKER, MARIANA P. MARQUES, AARON M. BAUER 2020. A review of the African snake-eyed skinks (Scincidae: Panaspis) from Angola, with the description of a new species. Zootaxa 4747 (1): 77–112 - get paper here
  • Conradie W and Branch WR. 2016. The herpetofauna of the Cubango, Cuito, and lower Cuando river catchments of south-eastern Angola. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10 (2) [Special Section]: 6–36 - get paper here
  • Conradie W, Keates C, Verburgt L, Baptista NL, Harvey J, Júlio T, Neef G. 2022. Contributions to the herpetofauna of the Angolan Okavango-Cuando-Zambezi River drainages. Part 2: Lizards (Sauria), chelonians, and crocodiles. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 16(2): 181–214 (e322) - get paper here
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; W.R. Branch 2013. Fifty years of herpetological research in the Namib Desert and Namibia with an updated and annotated species checklist. Journal of Arid Environments 93: 94–115 - get paper here
  • Jacobson, N. H. G. & D. G. BROADLEY 2000. A new species of Panaspis COPE (Reptilia: Scincidae) from southern Africa. African Journal of Herpetology 49 (1): 61-71 - get paper here
  • KILUNDA, FELISTA KASYOKA; WERNER CONRADIE, DOMNICK VICTOR WASONGA, JIE-QIONG JIN, MIN-SHENG PENG, ROBERT W. MURPHY, PATRICK KINYATTA MALONZA, JING CHE 2019. Revalidation and resurrection of Panaspis massaiensis (Angel, 1924) and the description of a new species of Panaspis Cope (Squamata: Scincidae) from south-eastern Kenya. Zootaxa 4706 (2): 255–274 - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Medina, Maria F.; Aaron M. Bauer, William R. Branch, Andreas Schmitz, Werner Conradie, Zoltan T. Nagy, Toby J. Hibbitts, Raffael Ernst, Daniel M. Portik, Stuart V. Nielsen, Timothy J. Colston, Chifundera Kusamba, Mathias Behangana, Mark-Oliver Rödel, 2016. Molecular phylogeny of Panaspis and Afroablepharus skinks (Squamata: Scincidae) in the savannas of sub-Saharan Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 100: 409–423, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.04.026 - get paper here
  • Pietersen DW, Pietersen EW, Conradie W. 2017. Preliminary herpetological survey of Ngonye Falls and surrounding regions in south-western Zambia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [Special Section]: 24–43 (e148 - get paper here
  • Pietersen, Darren, Verburgt, Luke & Davies, John 2021. Snakes and other reptiles of Zambia and Malawi. Struik Nature / Penguin Random House South Africa, 376 pp., ISBN 9781775847373
  • SCHMITZ, ANDREAS; IVAN INEICH & LAURENT CHIRIO 2005. Molecular review of the genus Panaspis sensu lato (Reptilia: Scincidae) in Cameroon, with special reference to the status of the proposed subgenera. Zootaxa 863: 1–28 - get paper here
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