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Pangshura sylhetensis JERDON, 1870

IUCN Red List - Pangshura sylhetensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGeoemydidae (Geoemydinae), Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles)
Common NamesE: Assam Roofed Turtle, Sylhet Roofed Turtle
G: Assam-Dachschildkröte 
SynonymPangshura sylhetensis JERDON 1870
Jerdonella sylhetensis — GRAY 1870
Kachuga sylhetensis — BOULENGER 1889
Kachuga sylhetensis — KING & BURKE 1989
Kachuga sylhetensis — OBST 2003: 17
Batagur sylhetensis — LE et al. 2007
Pangshura sylhetensis — DAS et al.
Kachuga sylhetensis — MURTHY 2010: 23
Pangshura sylhetensis — RHODIN et al. 2010
Pangshura sylhetensis — TTWG 2021 
DistributionE Bangladesh, India (Assam)

Type locality: Sylhet River, Khasi Hills, India (but from Sylhet, Bangladesh, fide Rahman et al. 2015).  
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1947.3.4.22, 1947.3.4.62, and 1947.3.4.63. 
CommentDistribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012 and references therein).

Habitat: freshwater (Rivers, swamps) 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Annandale, N. 1907. The distribution of Kachuga sylhetensis. Records of the Indian Museum 1: 171 - get paper here
  • Barhadiya, Gaurav; Gautam Singh, Chirashree Ghosh, Shailendra Singh 2020. Nocturnal emergence of small freshwater turtles in temple ponds in Assam, India - A strategy to avoid aggression and predation by large softshells? IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 27 (3): 426-427 - get paper here
  • Basumatary, Rajeev and D.K. Sharma 2013. The turtle fauna of Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India with notes on natural history and conservation status. Herpetology Notes 6: 59-72
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the chelonians, rhynchocephalians, and crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Choudhury, Anwaruddin 1993. New locality records for Kachuga sylhetensis (Jerdon, 1870). Hamadryad 18: 43-45 - get paper here
  • Choudhury, N.K.; Sharma, D.K. & Sengupta, S. 1997. Notes on the distribution and diet of Kachuga sylhetensis. Hamadryad 22 (1): 61-62 - get paper here
  • Das, I. et al. 2008. Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles of India. WWF/WII poster
  • Das, Indraneil 1997. Kachuga sylhetensis recorded from northern Bengal, with notes on turtles of Gorumara National Park, Eastern India. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (4): 616-617
  • Das, Indraneil & Abhijit Das 2017. A Naturalist’s Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. John Beaufoy Publishing Ltd., Oxford, 176 pp.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray, J.E. 1870. Supplement to the Catalogue of Shield Reptiles in the Collection of the British Museum. Part 1. Testudinata (Tortoises). Taylor and Francis, London. 120 p., 40 figs.
  • Jerdon, T.C. 1870. Notes on Indian Herpetology. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal March 1870: 66-85 - get paper here
  • Kundu S, Kumar V, Tyagi K, Chandra K 2020. The complete mitochondrial genome of the endangered Assam Roofed Turtle, Pangshura sylhetensis (Testudines: Geoemydidae): Genomic features and phylogeny. PLoS ONE 15(4): e0225233 - get paper here
  • Le, Minh; William P. McCord and John B. Iverson 2007. On the paraphyly of the genus Kachuga (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45: 398-404 - get paper here
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karlsruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karlsruhe, 124 pp.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Obst, F.J. 2003. Sumpfschildkröten. Draco 4 (13): 4-18 - get paper here
  • Praschag,P. & Fachbach,G. 2001. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Assam-Dachschildkröte, Kachuga sylhetensis (JERDON 1870) (Reptilia: Testudines: Bataguridae). Salamandra 37 (3): 129-148 - get paper here
  • Purkayastha J. 2013. An Amateur’s Guide to Reptiles of Assam. EBH Publishers (India) - get paper here
  • PURKAYASTHA, J., DAS, I., SENGUPTA, S. 2015. Freshwater Turtles & Tortoises of South Asia. Bhabani Books, 138 pp. - get paper here
  • Purkayastha, Jayaditya; Ahmed Mahmadul Hassan, Hasanul Islam, Jessica Das, Manoj Sarma, Mituseela Basumatary, Nilakshi Sarma, Nishant Chatterjee, Sachin Singha, Vishnupriya Nair, Arundhati Purkayastha, Jayashree Dutta, Madhurima Das 2013. Turtles of the Temple Pond of Kamakhya, Assam, India. Reptile Rap (15): 11-15 - get paper here
  • Rahman, Shahriar Caesar; Sheikh M.A. Rashid, Rupa Datta, Passing Mro, and Chirag J. Roy 2015. Status, Exploitation, and Conservation of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises in Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2015, Vol. 14, No. 2: 130-135. - get paper here
  • Sengupta D et al. 2019. Assessment of the Reptilian Fauna in the Brahmaputra Plains of Two Districts in Assam, India. IRCF 26 (1): 65-67 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
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