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Panopa carvalhoi (REBOUCAS-SPIEKER & VANZOLINI, 1990)

IUCN Red List - Panopa carvalhoi - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCarvalho's Mabuya 
SynonymMabuya carvalhoi REBOUCAS-SPIEKER & VANZOLINI 1990
Mabuya carvalhoi — GREER & NUSSBAUM 2000
Mabuya carvalhoi — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Mabuya carvalhoi — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 117
Panopa carvalhoi — HEDGES & CONN 2012: 137 
DistributionBrazil (Roraima), Venezuela [Molina, 1998].

Type locality: Ilha de Maracá, state of Roraima, Brazil  
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 66679 
CommentMabuya carvalhoi resembles M. croizati Horton 1973, from Estado Sucre, Venezuela, in having fused frontoparietals, several pairs of broad nuchals anda light vertebral stripe. It differs from croizati in having the internasals in contact behind the rostral, fused prefrontals, 35-39 ventral scales between the level of the axillae and the anal flap (41-44 in croizati), 23- 27 scales around midbody (28-34), a shorter vertebral light stripe, not reaching the sacrum, and an unspotted belly. Regression analysis of body measurements shows M. croizati to be a stouter form. In live M. carvalhoi the posterior part of the trunk and the tail are blue. M. carvalhoi occurs in forested areas, but not inside the forest, rather in the ecotone. 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. Antenor Leitao de Carvalho (1910-1985), a Brazilian herpetologist and ichthyologist, specialized in frogs. He became Curator of Herpetology (1941) and, eventually Vice Director. of the Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro. 
References
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. & NUSSBAUM,R.A. 2000. New character useful in the systematics of the scincid lizard genus Mabuya. Copeia 2000 (2): 615-618 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293
  • Miralles, A.; Rivas Fuenmayor, G. & Barrio-Amoros, C.L. 2005. Taxonomy of the genus Mabuya (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae) inVenezuela. Zoosystema 27 (4): 825-837
  • Miralles, A.; S. Carranza 2010. Systematics and biogeography of the Neotropical genus Mabuya, with special emphasis on the Amazonian skink Mabuya nigropunctata (Reptilia, Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54 (3): 857-869 - get paper here
  • Miralles, Aurélien 2006. A new species of Mabuya (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae) from the Caribbean Island of San Andrés, with a new interpretation of nuchal scales: a character of taxonomic importance. The Herpetological Journal 16 (1):1-7.
  • MIRALLES, AURÉLIEN; GILSON RIVAS FUENMAYOR, CÉLINE BONILLO, WALTER E. SCHARGEL, TITO BARROS, JUAN E. GARCÍA-PEREZ, CÉSAR L. BARRIO-AMORÓS 2009. Molecular systematics of Caribbean skinks of the genus Mabuya (Reptilia, Scincidae), with descriptions of two new species from Venezuela. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 598-616 - get paper here
  • Molina, C.R. 1998. Mabuya carvalhoi (Squamata: Scincidae): nuevo registro para Venezuela. Memoria Sociedad Ciencias Naturales La Salle, 149: 149-150
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Reboucas-Spieker R. VANZOLINI P E. 1990. Mabuya carvalhoi, expecies nova do estado de Roraima, Brasil (SAURIA SCINCIDAE). REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE BIOLOGIA 50, (2): 377- 386
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A., SILVANA AMARAL 2016. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae Zootaxa 4205 (5): 401–430
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
 
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