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Pantherophis ramspotti CROTHER, WHITE, SAVAGE, ECKSTUT, GRAHAM & GARDNER, 2011

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Western Foxsnake 
SynonymPantherophis ramspotti CROTHER, WHITE, SAVAGE, ECKSTUT, GRAHAM & GARDNER 2011
Pantherophis ramspotti — CROTHER et al. 2012
Pantherophis ramspotti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 530 
DistributionUSA (West of the Mississippi River in SE Minnesota, Iowa, SE South Dakota, E Nebraska, NW and NE corners of EC Missouri).

Type locality: Warren Co. (R24W, T76N, Sec. 30), Iowa.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: USNM 578514 (original number JRP 1395), adult female gravid with seven eggs collected 21 June 2002 by Jeff Parmelee. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A relatively large Pantherophis, most similar and closely related to P. vulpinus. P. ramspotti differs in blotch count, distribution, and cyt-b nucleotides. P. ramspotti has an average dorsal body blotch count anterior to the cloaca of 42.8 whereas P. vulpinus has an average of 36.8 dorsal body blotches. P. ramspotti is generally distributed west of the Mississippi River and possesses seven unique nucleotides at positions 121 (T), 191 (G), 284 (C), 679 (A), 689 (G), 707 (C), and 830 (C). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet ramspotti is in remembrance of the late aspiring herpetologist Joseph Ramspott, who was from Nebraska, a state included in the western form’s range. He was a graduate student at Southeastern Louisiana University working in the Crother-White lab when he passed away in 2004. 
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Crother, Brian I.; Mary E. White, Jay M. Savage, Mallory E. Eckstut, Matthew R. Graham and David W. Gardner 2011. A REEVALUATION OF THE STATUS OF THE FOX SNAKES PANTHEROPHIS GLOYDI CONANT AND P. VULPINUS BAIRD AND GIRARD (LEPIDOSAURIA). International Scholarly Research Network Zoology 2011(436049): 1-15 - get paper here
  • VanDeWalle, Terry 2022. The Natural History of the Snakes and Lizards of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City, Iowa, 384 pp. ISBN: 978-1- 609388-37-9. [review in HR 54 (1): 151] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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