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Paracontias holomelas (GÜNTHER, 1877)

IUCN Red List - Paracontias holomelas - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAnzahamaru Skink 
SynonymAcontias holomelas GÜNTHER 1877
Acontias holomelas — ANGEL 1942: 143
Malacontias holomelas — GREER 1970
Paracontias (Malacontias) holomelas — BRYGOO 1980
Paracontias holomelas — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 320
Paracontias (Malacontias) holomelas — SCHMITZ et al. 2005 
DistributionMadagascar

Type locality: “Anzahamaru”, most probably corresponding to a village near Mahanoro, south of Tamatave (= Toamasina) fide Miralles et al. 2016  
Reproduction 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 1946.8.13.69 (designated by BRYGOO 1980). 
Diagnosis 
CommentLimbless; no ear openings visible. 
Etymology 
References
  • Andreone F., Randrianirina J., Jenkins P.D. & Aprea G. 2000. Species diversity of Amphibia, Reptilia and Lipotyphla (Mammalia) at Ambolokopatrika, a rainforest between the Anjanaharibe-Sud and Marojejy massifs, NE Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 9: 1587–1622
  • Andreone, F. & Greer, A.E. 2002. Malagasy scincid lizards: descriptions of nine new species, with notes on the morphology, reproduction and taxonomy of some previously described species (Reptilia, Squamata: Scincidae). Journal of Zoology 258, 139-181
  • Angel, F. 1942. Les Lézards de Madagascar. Mem. Acad. Malagache, Tananarive XXXVI: 193 pp.
  • Brygoo,E.R. 1980. Systématique des lézards scincides de la région malgache. III. les ‘Acontias’ de Madagascar. Pseudacontias BARBOZA DU BOCAGE, 1899, Paracontias, MOCQUARD 1894, Pseudacontias, HEWITT 1929, et Malacontias, GREER 1970. IV. Amphiglossus reticulatus (KAUD Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris, 4th ser., Sect. A., 2 (3): 905-918
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Greer, A.E. 1970. A subfamilial classification of scincid lizards. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 139 (3): 151-184. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1877. Descriptions of some new Species of Reptiles from Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 19: 313-317. - get paper here
  • Köhler, J.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F.; Kaffenberger, N. & Vences, M. 2009. A further new species of limbless skink, genus Paracontias, from eastern Madagascar. African Journal of Herpetology 58 (2): 98-105 - get paper here
  • Miralles A., Jono T., Mori A., Gandola R., Erens J., Köhler J., Glaw F., Vences M. 2016. A new perspective on the reduction of cephalic scales in fossorial legless skinks (Squamata, Scincidae) Zoologica Scripta doi:10.1111/zsc.12164 - get paper here
  • Schmitz, A.; M.C. Brandley; P. Mausfeld; M. Vences; F. Glaw; R.A. Nussbaum and T.W. Reeder 2005. Opening the black box: phylogenetics and morphological evolution of the Malagasy fossorial lizards of the subfamily “Scincinae”. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 118–133 (published online 2004) - get paper here
  • Whiting, A.S.; Jack W. Sites, Jr. & Aaron M. Bauer 2004. Molecular phylogenetics of Malagasy skinks (Squamata: Scincidae). African Journal of Herpetology 53(2): 135-146 - get paper here
 
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