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IUCN Red List - Paracontias kankana - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymParacontias kankana KÖHLER, VIEITES, GLAW, KAFFENBERGER & VENCES 2009
Paracontias sp. aff. tsararano — KÖHLER et al. 2010 
DistributionCE Madagascar

Type locality: Mahasoa forest (pitfall camp), 17.29769° S, 48.70199° E, 1032 m elevation, near Ambatodisakoana village, central eastern Madagascar.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 1810/2008 (field number DRV05711), adult female, collected on 13 February 2008, by D. R. Vieites, M. Vences, P. Bora, C. Patton and J. Patton. 
CommentParacontias fasika mainly differs from P. kankana by 16 scale rows around midbody (versus 21) , 46 presacral vertebrae ( versus 59), an hourglass-shaped frontal scal e (versus bell-shaped), and the nostril being in contact with first supral abial and loreal (versus in contact with first supral abial only). 
EtymologyThe specific name is derived from the Malagasy word "kankana" meaning worm, and refers to the worm-like body shape. The name is used as an invariable noun in apposition to the generic name. 
  • Köhler, J.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F.; Kaffenberger, N. & Vences, M. 2009. A further new species of limbless skink, genus Paracontias, from eastern Madagascar. African Journal of Herpetology 58 (2): 98-105 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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