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Paracontias minimus (MOCQUARD, 1906)

IUCN Red List - Paracontias minimus - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymCryptoposcincus minimus MOCQUARD 1906
Cryptoposcincus minimus — ANGEL 1942: 146
Cryptoscincus minimus — BRYGOO 1981: 684 (in error)
Cryptoscincus minimus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 323 (in error)
Cryptoscincus minimus — SCHMITZ et al. 2005
Paracontias minimus — CROTTINI et al. 2009 
DistributionN Madagascar (Antsiranana Province)

Type locality: “Madagascar”

Localities in KÖHLER et al. 2010: (1) Baie de Sakalava, Forêt d’Orangea, 12°16′24″ S, 49°23′33″ E; (2) south-east of Ivovona, Forêt d’Orangea, 12°19′58″ S, 49°24′20″ E; and (3) Ampombofofo, Babaomby region, 12°05′53″ S, 49°19′ 49″ E.  
TypesLectotype: MNHN 1905.270; Paralectotype: 1905.270A 
CommentEyeless, earless, limbless species!

Only known from the two type specimens.

Type Species: Cryptoposcincus minimus is the type species of the genus Cryptoscincus minimus MOCQUARD 1894. 
  • Angel, F. 1942. Les Lézards de Madagascar. Mem. Acad. Malagache, Tananarive XXXVI: 193 pp.
  • Brygoo,E.R. 1981. Systématique des lézards scincides de la région malgache. VII. Révision des genres Voeltzkowia Boettger 1893, Grandidierina Mocquard 1894, et Cryptoscincus Mocquard 1894. Bull. Mus. natl. Hist. nat. Paris, 4th ser., Sect. A., 3 (2): 675-688
  • Crottini, Angelica; Janina Dordel, Jörn Köhler, Frank Glaw, Andreas Schmitz, Miguel Vences 2009. A multilocus phylogeny of Malagasy scincid lizards elucidates the relationships of the fossorial genera Androngo and Cryptoscincus. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53 (1): 345-350 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Köhler, J.; Vences, M.; Erbacher, M. & Glaw, F. 2010. Systematics of limbless scincid lizards from northern Madagascar: morphology, phylogenetic relationships and implications for classification (Squamata: Scincidae). Org Divers Evol 10:147–159
  • Köhler, J.; Vieites, D.R.; Glaw, F.; Kaffenberger, N. & Vences, M. 2009. A further new species of limbless skink, genus Paracontias, from eastern Madagascar. African Journal of Herpetology 58 (2): 98-105 - get paper here
  • Mocquard 1906. Description de quelques reptiles et d’un batracien d’espèces nouvelles. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. Paris 12: 247-253 - get paper here
  • Sakata, Shuichi & Hikida, Tsutomu 2003. A fossorial lizard with forelimbs only: description of a new genus and species of Malagasy skink (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae). Current Herpetology 22 (1): 9-15
  • Schmitz, A.; M.C. Brandley; P. Mausfeld; M. Vences; F. Glaw; R.A. Nussbaum and T.W. Reeder 2005. Opening the black box: phylogenetics and morphological evolution of the Malagasy fossorial lizards of the subfamily “Scincinae”. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34: 118–133 (published online 2004) - get paper here
  • Wegener, J.E., Swoboda, S., Hawlitschek, O., Franzen, M., Wallach, V., Vences, M., Nagy, T., Hedges, S.B., Köhler, J. & Glaw, F. 2013. Morphological variation and taxonomic reassessment of the endemic Malagasy blind snake family Xenotyphlopidae (Serpentes, Scolecophidia). Spixiana, 36: 269–282 - get paper here
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