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Paralaudakia erythrogaster (NIKOLSKY, 1896)

IUCN Red List - Paralaudakia erythrogaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Agaminae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesRedbelly Rock Agama 
SynonymStellio erythrogaster NIKOLSKY 1896: 370
Stellio erythrogaster var. pallida NIKOLSKY 1897: 319 (non Agama pallida REUSS 1833)
Agama caucasica mucronata GUIBÉ 1957 (fide CLARK et al. 1966)
Agama erythrogaster — WERMUTH 1967: 12
Stellio erythrogaster nurgeldievi TUNIYEV, ATAYEV & SHAMMAKOV 1991 (fide MACEY et al. 1998)
Laudakia erythrogastra — MACEY et al. 2000
Paralaudakia erythrogaster — BAIG et al. 2012: 232
Paralaudakia erythrogastra — KiLADZE & CHERNOVA 2018 
DistributionNE Iran, N Afghanistan, SE Turkmenistan, elevation 1000-2440 m.

Type locality: “Iran, Khorasan Province, Fariman“ (neotype locality)

mucronata: “Langarak, 60 km east of Mashad, on the route of the Sarakhs.”
nurgeldievi: Turkmenistan; Type locality: “eastern Kopet-Dagh”.
pallida: Type locality: “prope urbem Mesched.”  
TypesLectotype: ZISP 8760 (designated by RASTEGAR-POUYANI & NILSON 2002) 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (Paralaudakia erythrogaster). Head and body depressed; olivaceous with irregular black spots; scales on the body and tail with strong ridges and spines, even ventral scales may be carinated; several scattered enlarged mucronate scales may constitute a patch on flanks; dorsolateral-fold marked with groups of enlarged spinose scales; tail segment of two; callous glands present [BAIG et al. 2012: 232].
CommentSynonymy partly after SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008 and BAIG et al. 2012: 232. The nomen ‘gaster’ is a noun and not flectible. Therefore, the name ‘erythrogaster’ stays as masculine noun also with feminine Laudakia.

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. 
  • Aghili, Hossein; Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Mehdi Rajabizadeh, Haji Gholi Kami, and Bahram H. Kiabi 2010. Sexual dimorphism in Laudakia erythrogastra (Sauria: Agamidae) from Khorasan Razavi Province, Northeastern Iran. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (1): 51-58 - get paper here
  • Ananjeva, N.B. & Tuniev 1994. Some aspects of historical biogeography of Asian rock agamids. Russ. J. Herpetol. 1 (1): 43 - get paper here
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144] - get paper here
  • Baig, Khalid Javed; Philipp Wagner, Natalia B. Ananjeva & Wolfgang Böhme 2012. A morphology-based taxonomic revision of Laudakia Gray, 1845 (Squamata: Agamidae). Vertebrate Zoology 62 (2): 213-260 - get paper here
  • Baig,K.J. & Böhme,W. 1995. Partition of the Stellio-group of Agama. 8th Ord. Gen. Meet. Soc. Europ. Herpet.: 36
  • Clark, R. J., Clark, E. D. and Anderson, S. C. 1966. Report on two small collections of reptiles from Iran. Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. (55): 1-9 - get paper here
  • Kiladze, A.B.; O.F. Chernova 2018. Adaptive peculiarities of pigmentation in the redbelly rock agama Paralaudakia erythrogastra (Nikolsky, 1896) (Agamidae) Ukrainian Journal of Ecology 8 (4): 248-251 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. Robert; James A. Schulte II, Natalia B. Ananjeva, Allan Larson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Sakhat M. Shammakov, and Theodore J. Papenfuss 1998. Phylogenetic Relationships among Agamid Lizards of the Laudakia caucasia Species Group: Testing Hypotheses of Biogeographic Fragmentation and an Area Cladogram for the Iranian Plateau. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 10 (1): 118–131 - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Andrei V. Barabanov 2012. A Catalogue of the Agamid and Chamaeleonid Types in the Collection of the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (2): 155-170 - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1896. Diagnoses reptilium et amphibiorum novorum in Persia orientali a N. Zarudny collectorum. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, 1:369-372. - get paper here
  • Nikolsky, A. M. 1897. Les reptiles, amphibiens et poissons recueillis (part.) Mr. N. Zaroudny dans la Perse orientale [in Russian]. Annuaire Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 2: 306-348 - get paper here
  • Panov, EN & Zykova, LY 2016. Rock agamas of Eurasia. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow, 327 pp. - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT ANDERSON 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 4 (1): 7-30
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • ŠMÍD, JIŘÍ; JIŘÍ MORAVEC, PETR KODYM, LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, SEYYED SAEED HOSSEINIAN YOUSEFKHANI, ESKANDAR RASTEGAR-POUYANI & DANIEL FRYNTA 2014. Annotated checklist and distribution of the lizards of Iran. Zootaxa 3855 (1): 001–097
  • Szczerbak, N.N. 2003. Guide to the Reptiles of the Eastern Palearctic. Krieger, Malabar, FL, 260 pp. - get paper here
  • Tuniyev, B. S., Atayev, Ch., and Shammakov, S. 1991. Stellio erythrogaster nurgeldievi ssp. nov. (Agamidae, Sauria)—A new subspecies from the eastern Kopet-Dagh. Izv. Akad. Nauk. Turkm. SSR 6: 50–60
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