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Pareas carinatus (WAGLER, 1830)

IUCN Red List - Pareas carinatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPareidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesPareas carinatus carinatus (WAGLER 1830)
Pareas carinatus unicolor (BOURRET 1934) 
Common NamesE: Keeled Slug Snake
G: Gekielte Schneckennatter
Chinese: 棱鳞钝头蛇 
SynonymAmblycephalus carinatus H. BOIE in SCHLEGEL 1826 (nomen nudum)
Amblycephalus carinatus SCHLEGEL 1826 (nomen nudum)
Amblycephalus carinatus BOIE 1828: 251 (nomen nudum)
Pareas carinata — WAGLER 1830: 181
Pareas carinata — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 439
Pareas berdmorei THEOBALD 1868
Amblycephalus carinatus — DE ROOIJ 1917: 277
Amblycephalus carinatus — SMEDLEY 1931: 53
Amblycephalus carinatus — KOPSTEIN 1936
Amblycephalus carinatus — DEUVE 1961: 30
Pareas carinatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 376
Pareas carinatus — COX et al. 1998: 78
Pareas carinatus — SCHMIDT & KUNZ 2005: 41
Pareas carinatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 535

Pareas carinatus carinatus (BOIE 1828)
Amblycephalus carinatus BOIE 1828: 251
Dipsas carinata — SCHLEGEL 1837: 285
Leptognathus carinatus — JAN 1863
Pareas carinatus — COCHRAN 1930
Amblycephalus carinatus carinatus — MERTENS 1930
Pareas carinatus — SMITH 1943
Pareas carinatus carinatus — HAAS 1950
Pareas carinatus carinatus — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 177
Pareas carinatus carinatus — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Pareas carinatus unicolor (BOURRET 1934)
Amblycephalus carinatus unicolor BOURRET 1934
Pareas carinatus unicolor — NGUYEN et al. 2009 
DistributionIndonesia (Borneo, Java, Lombok, Sumatra, Bali [M. Auliya, pers. comm.]),
Malaysia (Malaya and East Malaysia; Borneo)
Burma (Myanmar),
Thailand, Vietnam, Laos , Cambodia, China (Yunnan)

unicolor: Cambodia

Type locality: Java  
TypesSyntypes: RMNH 954 (pers. comm Gernot Vogel)
Holotype: MNHN-RA 1938.0149 [unicolor] 
CommentBehavior: nocturnal.

Type species: Dipsas carinata REINHARDT is the type species of the genus Pareas WAGLER 1830: 181.

Type genus: Pareas WAGLER 1830 is the type genus of the family Pareidae (not Pareatidae as is often used, see Savage 2015 for an explanation).

Habitat: Snakes of the genus Pareas are mainly arboreal. This species is semi-arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018).

Diet: slugs and snails; pareid snakes have more teeth on the right mandible than on the left for functional specialization in feeding on the dextral majority of land snails (Hoso 2017).

Synonymy: Kaiser et al. 2013 rejected the (sub-) generic names Dannyleeus Hoser 2012, Katrinahoserserpenea Hoser 2012 invalid and rejected their use instead of Pareas. 
  • Boie, H. 1828. Auszüge aus Briefen von Heinr. Boie zu Java an Hn. Schlegel, Conservator anim. vertebr. am Königl. niederl. Museum. lsis von Oken, Jena, 21 (10): 1.025 - 1.035 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Danaisawadi, Patchara; Takahiro Asami, Hidetoshi Ota, Chirasak Sutcharit & Somsak Panha 2016. A snail-eating snake recognizes prey handedness. Scientific Reports 6: 23832, doi:10.1038/srep23832 - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
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  • Geissler, P., Hartmann, T., Ihlow, F., Neang T., Seng R., Wagner, P. & Bohme, W. 2019. Herpetofauna of the Phnom Kulen National Park, northern Cambodia—An annotated checklist. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2019 (1): 40–63 - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter, Truong Quang Nguyen, Nikolay A. Poyarkov & Wolfgang Böhme 2011. New records of snakes from Cat Tien National Park, Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
  • Götz, M. 2001. Die Schneckennatter Pareas carinatus WAGLER 1830 - Terrarienhaltung, Beutefangverhalten und Zucht. Salamandra 37 (1): 49-58 - get paper here
  • Götz, Matthias 2002. The feeding behavior of the snail-eating snake Pareas carinatus Wagler 1830 (Squamata: Colubridae) . Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (4): 487-493 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., Neang, T., Chav, T. & Grismer, J.L. 2008. Checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the Cardamom region of Southwestern Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2008(1): 12–28 - get paper here
  • Guo, Keji & Deng, Xuejiang 2009. A new species of Pareas (Serpentes: Colubridae: Pareatinae) from the Gaoligong Mountains, southwestern China. Zootaxa 2008: 53-60 - get paper here
  • GUO, YUHONG; GUANGLI WANG, DINGQI RAO 2020. Scale microornamentation of five species of Pareas (Serpentes, Pareidae) from China. Zootaxa 4742 (3): 565–572 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. A new genus of Asian snail-eating snake (Serpentes: Pareatidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 12:12–15. - get paper here
  • Hoso M. 2017. Asymmetry of mandibular dentition is associated with dietary specialization in snail-eating snakes. PeerJ 5:e3011 - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
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