Pareas formosensis (VAN DENBURGH, 1909)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Pareas formosensis?
|Higher Taxa||Pareidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||Formosa Slug Snake, Taiwan Slug Snake|
|Synonym||Amblycephalus formosensis VAN DENBURGH 1909|
Psammodynastes compressus OSHIMA 1910
Pareas formosensis — HU et al. 1980
Pareas formosensis — GUO & DENG 2008
Pareas formosensis — GUO et al. 2011
Pareas formosensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 535
Type locality: Kanshirei, Formosa Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Holotype: CAS 18006|
Holotype: NSMT H02567 [compressus]
|Comment||Synonymy partly after ZHAO & ADLER 1993, Jiang (2004) and Guo & Deng 2009. Amblycephalus komaii MAKI 1931 has been removed from the synonymy of P. formosensis and revalidated by YOU et al. 2015.|
Similar species: Pareas formosensis and P. chinensis share very similar coloration and scale patterns (Jiang 2004). However, our molecular phylogenetic results indicate that the two species are not especially closely related within Pareas. Pareas formosensis is the sister species to P. hamptoni, and P. chinensis the sister of P. boulengeri. Close examination of maxillary teeth is consistent with this result. Both P. formosensis and P. hamptoni have 7–8 maxillary teeth, while P. chinensis and P. boulengeri have only 4–5 maxillary teeth (Rao and Yang, 1992).
|Etymology||Named after its distribution in Taiwan (= Formosa).|