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Paroedura neglecta KÖHLER, VENCES, SCHERZ & GLAW, 2019

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common Names 
SynonymParoedura neglecta KÖHLER, VENCES, SCHERZ & GLAW 2019
Paroedura sp. n. (Bemaraha-Andafiabe) — JACKMAN et al. 2008
Paroedura sp. (aff. tanjaka) — BORA et al. 2010
Paroedura sp. (Bemaraha) — GLAW et al. 2018 
DistributionW Madagascar (Mahajanga)

Type locality: Andafiabe at the Beboka River (“Camp 2”), 18°47’03’’ S, 44°46’46’’ E, 177 m above sea level, Tsingy de Bemaraha, Melaky region (former Mahajanga province), western Madagascar  
TypesHolotype: ZSM 128/2006 (FGZC 992), adult (?) male, collected on 1 April 2006 by Parfait Bora, Hildegard Enting, Frank Glaw and Jörn Köhler.
Paratypes: ZSM 163/2006 (FGZC 991), subadult male, same data as holotype; ZSM 18/2006 (field number FGZC 704; Fig. 3A, B), subadult of unknown sex, from Andrano- pasazy (“Camp 1”), 18°42’31’’ S, 44°43’08’’ E, 146 m above sea level), Tsingy de Bemaraha, Melaky region (former Mahajanga province), western Madagascar, collected on 19 March 2006 by Parfait Bora, Hildegard Enting, Frank Glaw and Jörn Köhler. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The new species can be distinguished from most other currently recognized Paroedura species by the presence of only three broad light crossbands on the dorsum (between forelimbs and hindlimbs) in juveniles and subadults versus four light crossbands in all other species except for P. bastardi, P. ibityensis, P. tanjaka (which all have only three crossbands) and P. oviceps and P. vahiny (in which the juvenile colouration is still unknown). In addition it can be distinguished from P. androyensis, P. bastardi, P. ibityensis, P. lohatsara, P. maingoka, P. picta, and P. vahiny by having the nostril in contact with the rostral scale; from P. gracilis by absence of a raised vertebral ridge on the dorsum and shorter forelimbs which do not extend forward beyond tip of snout; from P. masobe by much smaller eyes and absence of a dorsal row of paired spines on the tail; from P. fasciata, P. homalorhina, P. hordiesi, P. vahiny, and P. spelaea by presence of spines on the original tail (versus absence); from P. gracilis, P. homalorhina, P. kloki, P. main­ goka, P. masobe, P. oviceps from its type locality (Nosy Be), P. picta, P. spelaea, and P. vahiny by the presence of prominent dorsal tubercles arranged in regular longitudinal rows (versus rather irregular rows of dorsal tubercles). Paro­ edura neglecta is most similar to P. tanjaka, with which it occurs in syntopy in the Tsingy de Bemaraha. Both species share the character of nostril in contact with the rostral scale, presence of only three broad light crossbands on dorsum of juveniles, and similar general colouration. The new species differs from P. tanjaka by the presence of prominent dorsal tubercles arranged in regular longitudinal rows (versus rather irregular rows of dorsal tubercles; Fig. 3), more clearly outlined dorsal crossbands in adults (versus crossbands in adults mostly resolved into irregular blotches and flecks; Fig. 3), smaller size (maximum SVL 61 mm versus 102 mm; see Nussbaum & Raxworthy 2000), and strong genetic divergence (see phylogenetic tree in Jackman et al. 2008). Paroedura neglecta differs genetically from all species in the genus (note: P. vahiny sequences are not available) by pronounced differences in the DNA sequence of the mitochondrial cox1 gene (see Table 1 in Glaw et al. 2018; 18.9–19.6% uncorrected pairwise distance to its sister species, P. tanjaka). 
CommentHabitat: The three specimens were collected at night in karstic dry forest in the rainy season. ZSM 128/2006 and 163/2006 were found close to the bed of the Beboka river and ZSM 18/2006 close to a small river of unknown name. 
EtymologyThe species epithet is derived from the Latin adjective ‘neglectus’ meaning neglected. It refers to the fact that although identified as an unnamed species shortly after its collection (see Jackman et al. 2008), we refrained from describing it earlier for sentimental reasons only, due to the somewhat imperfect condition of the voucher specimens. 
  • GLAW, FRANK; JÖRN KÖHLER & MIGUEL VENCES 2018. Three new species of nocturnal geckos of the Paroedura oviceps clade from xeric environments of Madagascar (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 4433 (2): 305–324 - get paper here
  • Jackman,Todd R.; Aaron M. Bauer, Eli Greenbaum, Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences 2008. Molecular phylogenetic relationships among species of the Malagasy-Comoran gecko genus Paroedura (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (1): 74-81 - get paper here
  • Köhler, J., M. Vences, M.D. Scherz & F. Glaw 2019. A new species of nocturnal gecko, genus Paroedura, from the karstic Tsingy de Bemaraha formation in western Madagascar Salamandra 55 (2): 73-81 - get paper here
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