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Parvilacerta parva (BOULENGER, 1887)

IUCN Red List - Parvilacerta parva - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Lacertinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Dwarf Lizard
G: Zwergeidechse 
SynonymLacerta parva BOULENGER 1887: 22
Lacerta parva — KOSSWIG 1955
Lacerta parva — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Lacerta (Parvilacerta) parva — HARRIS et al. 1998
Archaeolacerta (Parvilacerta) parva — SINDACO et al. 2000
Parvilacerta parva — BISCHOFF 2005
Parvilacerta parva — ARNOLD et al. 2007
Lacerta (Parvilacerta) parva — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Parvilacerta parva — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionArmenian Mountainland, Turkey (central and NE Anatolia)

Type locality: Asia Minor  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.6.47 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Unique among Lacertini in following features: medial loop of clavicle never interrupted posteriorly, plicae on hemipenial lobes replaced by longitudinal flaps and folds, hemipenial microornamentation of often bifid tubercles, female genital sinus unlobed, only 24 chromosomes (8 single-armed and 14 double-armed macrochromosomes and 2 microchromosomes). Also possessing the following features found only in a minority of other Lacertini: pterygoid teeth present, septomaxilla with anterior and posterior projections, slight medial depression on snout, elevated number of presacral vertebrae (usually 27–28 in males, 29 in females), BC-type tail vertebrae, nostril separated from first upper labial scale, collar serrated, eight longitudinal rows of ventral scales, preanal scale bordered by two or more semicircles of smaller ones, often blue or green ocelli on flanks of males, nasal vestibule markedly elongated with overhanging posterior border, kidney expanded and more than half its length in front of sacrum. Other more widely distributed features include: head and body not strongly depressed, seven or eight premaxillary teeth, inscriptional ribs usually absent, tail not brightly coloured in hatchlings (from Arnold et al. 2007: 50). 
CommentType Species: Lacerta parva Boulenger, 1887 is the type species of the genus Parvilacerta ARNOLD et al. 2007. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “parvus, -a, -um” = small.

The genus was (also) named after Latin parvus = small, and lacerta = lizard. 
  • Arakelyan, Marine S.; Felix D. Danielyan, Claudia Corti, Roberto Sindaco, and Alan E. Leviton 2011. The Herpetofauna of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 154 pp. [ISBN: 978-0-916984-84-7.]
  • Arnold, E.N.; Arribas, O. & Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizard tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa 1430: 1-86 - get paper here
  • BADER, T. & KOPECZKY, R. & RIEGLER, C. & WIELAND, F. 2016. Die Eidechsen Armeniens – Teil 2: Die Gattungen Lacerta, Ophisops, Parvilacerta und Eremias. Die Eidechse 27 (2): 33-46. - get paper here
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281. - get paper here
  • Bischoff, W. 2005. Die echten Eidechsen der Familie Lacertidae - eine Übersicht. Draco 5 (21): 4-27 - get paper here
  • BISCHOFF, W. & M. FRANZEN 1993. Bemerkungen zur Zwergeidechse Lacerta parva BOULENGER, 1887, besonders über ihren Lebensraum in der Türkei. Die Eidechse 4 (9): 3-12 - get paper here
  • BOSCH, H.A.J. IN DEN 1993. Lacerta parva, Balz und Fortpflanzung. Die Eidechse 4 (10): 22-24 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Harris, D. J., E. N. ARNOLD & R. H. THOMAS 1998. Relationships of lacertid lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae) estimated from mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphology. Proc. R. Soc. London, B, 265: 1939-1948 - get paper here
  • KAYA, Nilgün; Oya ÖZULUĞ 2017. THE HERPETOLOGICAL COLLECTION OF ZOOLOGY MUSEUM, ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY. Anadolu Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi C- Yaşam Bilimleri ve Biyoteknoloji<br />(Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology C- Life Sciences and Biotechnology) - get paper here
  • Kosswig, C. 1955. Zoogoegraphy in the near east. Systematic Zoology 4 (2): 49-73+96 - get paper here
  • Kumlutas, Y., S. H. Durmus, Y. Kaska, M. öz and M. R. Tunç 2004. A morphological and taxonomic study on Lacerta parva Boulenger, 1887 (Sauria: Lacertidae) from West Taurus, Turkey. Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 202-207 - get paper here
  • Lantz, L. A. and Cyren, O. 1939. Contribution a la connaissance de Lacerta brandtii De Filippi et de Lacerta parva Boulenger. Bulletin de Societe Zoologique de France 64: 228-243.
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  • Peters, G. 1962. Die Zwergeidechse (Lacerta parva BOULENGER) und ihre Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen zu anderen Lacertiden, insbesondere zur Libanon-Eidechse (L. fraasi LEHRS). Zool. Jb. Syst. 89: 407-478
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  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554. - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, Jeroen; Wouter Beukema, Christophe Dufresnes, Uwe Fritz, Daniel Jablonski, Petros Lymberakis, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Edoardo Razzetti, Melita Vamberger, Miguel Vences, Judit Vörös0, Pierre-André Crochet 2020. Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica.. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 139-189 - get paper here
  • Suchow, G. F. 1948. Review of the lizards of subgenus Lacerta (Sauria) found in the USSR. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 7(3). A collection of papers on the taxonomy, zoogeography and ecology: 101–117 [In Russian]
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  • Venchi,A. & Bologna,M.A. 1996. Lacerta parva BOULENGER, a new lizard species for the European fauna. Amphibia-Reptilia 17: 89-90 - get paper here
  • Werner, FRANZ 1902. Die Reptilien- und Amphibienfauna von Kleinasien. Sitzungsber. K. Akad. Wiss. (math.-Naturw. Klasse 1) 111: 1057-1121
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