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Parvoscincus hadros (BROWN, LINKEM, DIESMOS, BALETE, DUYA & FERNER, 2010)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Aurora Mountain skink 
SynonymSphenomorphus hadros BROWN, LINKEM, DIESMOS, BALETE, DUYA & FERNER 2010
Parvoscincus hadros — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon)

Type locality: at 1540 m elevation on Mt. Mingan (N: 15.468°; E: 121.395°), Municipality of Dingalan, Aurora Province, Luzon Island, Philippines.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: PnM 9618 (Field number MVd 157, male, sVL 86.7 mm), collected by Liza V. Duya, 3 June 2006. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Large species of Sphenomorphus, distin- guished by the following combination of characters: (1) body size large, sVL 73.5–86.7 mm; (2) prefrontals moder- ate, separate; (3) frontoparietals fused; (4) labials 7–8; (5) large supraoculars 4; (6) paravertebrals 108–111; (7) mid- ventrals 54–57; (8) scales around midbody 45–47; (9) fourth toe lamellae 18–22; (10) mid-dorsum dark brown with scat- tered tan spots and vertebral series of thick, black spots; (11) ventrolateral surfaces of neck and head black with gray and tan blotches and white spots on labials; (12) a prominent inverted acutely triangular black marking pres- ent above forelimb insertion; and (13) ventrum pale yellow.
CommentSVL: ca. 80 mm 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is derived from the Greek hadros, meaning well-developed, bulky, strong, in reference to the new species’ large body size and the fact that it exceeds all other members of Group I Sphenomorphus in both mensural and meristic characters. 
  • Brown, R.M. et al. 2010. Species boundaries in Philippine montane forest skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus): three new species from the mountains of Luzon and clarification of the status of the poorly known S. beyeri, S. knollmanae, and S. laterimaculatus. Scient. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas (42): 1-27
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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