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Parvoscincus laterimaculatus (BROWN & ALCALA, 1980)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymSphenomorphus laterimaculatus BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 177
Sphenomorphus laterimaculatus — BROWN et al. 1995
Sphenomorphus knollmanae BROWN, FERNER & RUEDAS 1995
Scincella laterimaculata — SHEA & GREER 2002: 156
Sphenomorphus laterimaculatus — LINKEM et al. 2010
Parvoscincus laterimaculatus — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon, Sorsogon Province)

Type locality: Sorsogon, Bulusan (San Roque), (N: 12.751°; E: 124.084°)

knollmanae: Philippines (Mt. Isarog, Luzon Island); Type locality: at 1125 m elevation on Mt. Isarog (Philippines, Luzon Island), bicol Peninsula, Camarines Sur Province, 4.5 km N, 20.5 km E Naga City.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: CAS-SUR 24204
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.8.17.53-55
Holotype: PNM 2311 (formerly USNM 318342) [knollmanae] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: small species of Sphenomorphus, distin- guished by the following combination of characters: (1) body small, sVL 42.1–57.1 mm; (2) prefrontals in moder- ate to narrow point contact; (3) frontoparietals fused; (4) labials 6–7; (5) large supraoculars 4; (6) paravertebrals 74–83; (7) midventrals 42–48; (8) scales around midbody 34–38; (9) toe IV lamellae 16–18; (10) dorsal coloration medium to dark brown with dark brown and black flecks between a pair of wavy, black, dorsolateral stripes on trunk; (11) ventrolateral surfaces of neck and head orange with brown flecks and golden yellow round spots; (12) an inverted acutely triangular marking present above forelimb insertion; and (13) ventrum deep orange with golden-yellow spots in life [from BROWN et al. 2010]. 
CommentSphenomorphus knollmanae was synonymized with S. laterimaculatus by BROWN et al. (2010). 
  • Brown R M; Ferner J W; Ruedas L A 1995. A new species of lygosomine lizard (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae; Sphenomorphus) from Mt. Isarog, Luzon Island, Philippines. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (1): 18-28 - get paper here
  • Brown, R.M. et al. 2010. Species boundaries in Philippine montane forest skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus): three new species from the mountains of Luzon and clarification of the status of the poorly known S. beyeri, S. knollmanae, and S. laterimaculatus. Scient. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas (42): 1-27
  • Brown, W.C. 1995. A new lizard of the genus Sphenomorphus (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Mt. Kitanglad, Mindanao Island, Philippine Island. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (3): 388-391. - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Brown,R.M. & Ferner,J.W. & Sison,R.V. 1995. Rediscovery and redescription of Sphenomorphus beyeri Taylor (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae) from the Zambales Mountains of Luzon, Philippines. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (1): 6-17 - get paper here
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna. Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M. and Allen E. Greer 2002. From Sphenomorphus to Lipinia: Generic reassignment of two poorly known New Guinea skinks. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 148-156 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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