You are here » home advanced search search results Parvoscincus leucospilos

Parvoscincus leucospilos (PETERS, 1872)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Parvoscincus leucospilos?

Add your own observation of
Parvoscincus leucospilos »

We have no photos, try to find some by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: White-spotted Sphenomorphus 
SynonymLygosoma (Hinulia) leucospilos PETERS 1872: 684
Tropidophorus leucospilos — BOULENGER 1887: 260
Tropidophorus leucospilos — TAYLOR 1922: 235
Sphenomorphus leucospilos — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 172
Sphenomorphus leucospilos — BAUER et al. 1995: 64
Sphenomorphus leucospilos — BROWN et al. 2000
Sphenomorphus leucospilos — LINKEM et al. 2010
Parvoscincus leucospilos — LINKEM, DIESMOS & BROWN 2011 
DistributionPhilippines (Luzon)

Type locality: Luzon, by implication.  
Reproductionoviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesLectotype: ZMB 7467, designated by Siler et al. (2014); Other syntype: CAS 64232. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Parvoscincus leucospilos can be distinguished from congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) body size medium (SVL 42.6–54.4 mm); (2) Toe-IV lamellae 15–17; () supralabials six or seven; (4) infralabials 6–9; (5) midbody scale rows 0–4; (6) paravertebral scale rows 61–67; (7) prefrontals in medial contact; (8) prefrontals contact first supraocular; (9) frontoparietals fused; (10) head pigmentation heavily mottled; (11) upper arm pigmentation absent; (12) subcaudal pigmentation absent; (1) dorsal white spots large, well- defined; (14) dorsal white bands 9–1; (15) lateral body coloration bright reddish-orange; (16) tail dorsolaterally compressed; and (17) semi-aquatic (Tables 2, ) (Siler et al. 2014).

Comparisons. Parvoscincus leucospilos most closely resembles P. duwendorum, P. manananggalae, and P. tikbalangi. However, P. leucospilos differs from these three taxa by having head pigmentation heavily mottled (vs. moderately mottled; Figs. 4, 5), and by the absence (vs. presence) of dark pigmentation on the upper arm surface. Parvoscincus leucospilos further differs from P. duwendorum and P. manananggalae by having prefrontals in medial contact (vs. separated); from P. duwendorum and P. tikbalangi by having dorsal white spots large and well-defined (vs. faint); from P. manananggalae and P. tikbalangi by the presence of bright reddish-orange lateral coloration (vs. absence of coloration [P. manananggalae], presence, reduced, tan [P. tikbalangi]); from P. duwendorum by having a greater number of Toe-IV lamellae (15–17 vs. 12), a greater number of paravertebral scale rows (61–67 vs. 60), a greater number of midbody scale rows (0–4 vs. 26), a tendency towards a greater number of longitudinal ventral scale rows (41–47 vs. 41), and fewer dorsal white bands (9–1 vs. 15); from P. manananggalae by the absence of subcaudal dark pigmentation (vs. presence); and from P. tikbalangi by having a tendency towards a greater number of paravertebral scale rows (61–67 vs. 58–6) and a tendency towards a greater number of midbody scale rows (0–4 vs. 28–2). (Siler et al. 2014). 
CommentSynonymy: Parvoscincus leucospilos (s.l.) has been split up into several species by Siler et al. 2014. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet “leucospilos” apparently refers to the distinctive coloration of this species, consisiting of prominent rows of white (from the Latin adjective “leucos”) spots (Latin, noun, “spilos”) down the dorsal surfaces of the body. 
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Brown, R.M. et al. 2010. Species boundaries in Philippine montane forest skinks (Genus Sphenomorphus): three new species from the mountains of Luzon and clarification of the status of the poorly known S. beyeri, S. knollmanae, and S. laterimaculatus. Scient. Pap. Nat. Hist. Mus. Univ. Kansas (42): 1-27
  • Brown, R.M.; C.H. Oliveros; C.D. Siler; J.B. Fernandez; L.J. Welton; P.A.C. Buenavente; M.L.L. Diesmos; A.C. Diesmos 2012. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island (Philippines), VII: Herpetofauna of Ilocos Norte Province, Northern Cordillera Mountain Range. Check List 8(3):469-490 - get paper here
  • Brown, R.M.; McGuire, J.A.; Ferner,J.W.; Icarangal Jr., N. & Kennedy, R.S. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Luzon island, II: preliminary report on the herptofauna of Aurora Memorial national Park, Philippines. Hamadryad 25 (2): 175-195 - get paper here
  • Brown, W.C. 1995. A new lizard of the genus Sphenomorphus (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Mt. Kitanglad, Mindanao Island, Philippine Island. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (3): 388-391. - get paper here
  • Brown, WC. & A.C. ALCALA 1980. Philippine Lizards of the family Scincidae. Silliman Univ. Nat. Sci., Dumaguete City, Mon., Ser. 2: i-xi + 1-246.
  • Brown,R.M. & Ferner,J.W. & Sison,R.V. 1995. Rediscovery and redescription of Sphenomorphus beyeri Taylor (Reptilia: Lacertilia: Scincidae) from the Zambales Mountains of Luzon, Philippines. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 108 (1): 6-17 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, Jonah van Beijnen, Dominic Rodriguez, Edmund Jose, Arvin Diesmos 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mountain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • Gojo-Cruz, Paul Henric P. and Leticia E. Afuang 2018. The Zoogeographic Significance of Caraballo Mountain Range, Luzon Island, Philippines With Focus on the Biogeography of Luzon’s Herpetofauna. Philippine Journal of Science 147 (3): 393-409 - get paper here
  • GOJO-CRUZ, Paul Henric P.; Leticia E. AFUANG, Juan Carlos T. GONZALEZ and William SM. GRUEZO 2018. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines: the Herpetofauna of Pantabangan-Carranglan Watershed, Nueva Ecija Province, Caraballo Mountain Range. Asian Herpetological Research 9(4): 201–223 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Linkem, Charles W.; Arvin C. Diesmos, Rafe M. Brown 2011. Molecular systematics of the Philippine forest skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Sphenomorphus): testing morphological hypotheses of interspecific relationships. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163: 1217–1243 - get paper here
  • MCLEOD, David S.; Cameron D. SILER, Arvin C. DIESMOS, Mae L. DIESMOS, Vhon S. GARCIA, Angela O. ARKONCEO, Kelvin L. BALAQUIT, Charlene C. UY, Mariden M. VILLASERAN, Earle C. YARRA, Rafe M. BROWN 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles of Luzon Island, V: The Herpetofauna of Angat Dam Watershed, Bulacan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Asian Herpetological Research 2 (4): 177–198 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1872. Über eine neue von Hrn. Dr. A. B. Meyer auf Luzon entdeckte Art von Eidechsen (Lygosoma (Hinulia) leucospilos) und eine von demselben in Nordcelebes gefundene neue Schlangengattung (Allophis nigricaudus). Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1872 (August): 684-687 - get paper here
  • Siler, C.D.; L.J. Welton; J.M. Siler; J. Brown; A. Bucol; A.C. Diesmos; R. Brown. 2011. Amphibians and Reptiles, Luzon Island, Aurora Province and Aurora Memorial National Park, Northern Philippines: New island distribution records. Check List 7 (2):182-195 - get paper here
  • Siler, Cameron D.; CHARLES W. LINKEM, KERRY COBB, JESSA L. WATTERS, SEAN T. CUMMINGS, ARVIN C. DIESMOS & RAFE M. BROWN 2014. Taxonomic revision of the semi-aquatic skink Parvoscincus leucospilos (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae), with description of three new species. Zootaxa 3847 (3): 388–412 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1922. The lizards of the Philippine Islands. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Science, Government of the Philippine Islands, Manila, Publication no. 17: 269 pp. - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator