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Pelochelys cantorii GRAY, 1864

IUCN Red List - Pelochelys cantorii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Asian Giant soft-shelled Turtle
G: Riesenweichschildkröte 
SynonymPelochelys cantorii GRAY 1864
Pelochelys cantoris — BOULENGER 1889 (nomen subst. pro P. cantorii)
Pelochelys cantoris — BAUR 1891: 446
Pelochelys cantori — DE ROOIJ 1915: 331
Pelochelys cantorii — COX et al. 1998: 136
Pelochelys cantorii — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Pelochelys cantorii — TTWG 2014 
DistributionIndia (west and as far south as the civinity of Madurai in the eastern coastal drainages of peninsular India, Kerala); coastal Bangladesh; Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Vietnam, China (Guangdong, as far east as the vicinity of Fuzhou), Philippines (east from Luzon). Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, W Java), Papua New Guinea (into the Memberamo and Sepik reiver basins), (fide MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2003). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH, "Malacca" (= Melaka, 02º 12'N; 102º 15'E; in West
Malaysia). 
CommentWebb (1995) restricted the type locality of Pelochelys bibroni to New Guinea, and showed that P. cantorii Gray, 1864 is available for the populations further west.

Reproduction: oviparous. 
References
  • Baur,G. 1891. Notes on the trionychian genus Pelochelys. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 7: 445-447 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1891. On the occurrence of Pelochelys in China. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7: 283-284 - get paper here
  • Brown; Rafe; Cameron Siler, Carl Oliveros, Luke Welton, Ashley Rock, John Swab, Merlijn Van Weerd, J 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Luzon Island, Philippines, VIII: the herpetofauna of Cagayan and Isabela Provinces, northern Sierra Madre Mountain Range. ZooKeys 266 (2013) Special Issue: 1-120<br />doi: 10.3897/zookeys.266.3982 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, Indraneil; Lakim, Maklarin 2006. On the distribution of Pelochelys cantorii on Borneo. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 5 (2): 323-325
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Diesmos, Arvin C.; Rafe M. Brown, Angel C. Alcala, and Rogelio V. Sison 2008. Status and Distribution of Nonmarine Turtles of the Philippines. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 157
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray, J. E. 1864. Revision of the species of Trionychidae found in Asia and Africa, with descriptions of some new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 76-98 - get paper here
  • Kowalski, T., W. Grossmann, H.-J. ZILGER & B.-M. ZWANZIG 2011. Herpetologische Beobachtungen im Sultanat Oman: Das Saiq - Plateau im Jebel al - Akhdar. Sauria 33 (1): 29-50 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. & Holloway, R. 2003. Turtle trade in Cambodia. Reptilia (GB) (30): 64-71 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Chelonian Illustrations #6. Flapshell and Giant Asian Softshell Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (26): 59-64 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Owen,R. 1853. Descriptive Catalogue of the Osteological Series contained in the Museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. London (Taylor & Francis), Vol. 1: xlv + 350 pp. [185]
  • Palot, Muhamed Jafer & C. Radhakrishnan 2011. Recent records of the Asian Giant Softshell Turtle Pelochelys cantorii (Gray) (Chelonia: Trionychidae) in northern Kerala, southern India. Reptile Rap (13): 14-16 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G.; David, P.; Chimsunchart, C. & Thirakhupt, K. 2003. Reptiles of Phetchaburi Province, Western Thailand: a list of species, with natural history notes, and a discussion on the biogeography at the Isthmus of Kra. Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University 3 (1): 23-53 - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G.; Heng Sovannara, Long Kheng, Rohan Holloway, Bryan L. Stuart, and Thomas R. Rainwat 2008. Biodiversity, Exploitation, and Conservation of Turtles in the Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve, Cambodia, with Notes on Reproductive Ecology of Malayemys subtrijuga. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 7(2): 195
  • Riger, Peter, Fernando Najera, Sergio Guerreo Sanchez and Benoit Goossens. 2013. Turtle distribution notes: Pelochelys cantorii. Turtle Survival Alliance 2013: 4
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Shiping, Gong; Haitao Shi, Jonathan J. Fong and Michael Lau. 2009. Recent records of freshwater turtles from Guangdong, China. Turtle and Tortoise Newsletter 13:24-27
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Waite, Edgar R. 1903. A fresh-water turtle (Pelochelys cantoris, Gray,) from New Guinea. Rec. Austral. Mus. 5 (1): 50-52
  • Webb, R. G. 1995. Redescription and neotype designation of Pelochelys bibroni from southern New Guinea (Testudines: Trionychidae). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 1: 301-310.
  • Webb, Robert G. 2002. Observations on the Giant Softshell Turtle, Pelochelys cantorii, with description of a new species. Hamadryad 27 (1): 99-107 - get paper here
  • Xiao, Chen; Zhiming, Zhou; Xin, Peng; Xiaolin, Huang; Zhijian, Chen 2013. Complete mitochondrial genome of the endangered Asian giant softshell turtle Pelochelys cantorii (Testudinata: Trionychidae). Mitochondrial DNA 24 (2): 111-113
 
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