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Pelodiscus axenaria (ZHOU, ZHANG & FANG, 1991)

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Trionychoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesE: Hunan Softshell Turtle
Chinese: 砂鳖 
SynonymTrionyx axenaria ZHOU et al. 1991
Pelodiscus axenaria — ZHOU & LI 2007
Pelodiscus axenaria — FRITZ & HAVAS 2007 
DistributionChina (Hunan)

Type locality: Taoyuan, Pingjiang, Rucheng, Lingling, Shaoyang counties, Hunan Province, China.  
TypesHolotype: nondesignated (PP van Dijk, pers. comm. 9 June 2014). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The diagnostic morphological features of adults of all five Pelodiscus species are summarized in Table 4 in FARKAS et al. 2019: 78. 
CommentSynonymy: ZHAO (1997) believes that Pelodiscus (= Trionyx) axenaria ZHOU et al. (1991) is a juvenile form of P. sinensis (see also FRITZ & OBST 1999).

Habitat: freshwater (rivers and tributaries, swamps)

Distribution: see map in Farkas et al. 2019: 82 (Fig. 6). 
  • Anonymous 2016. Testudinate China [in both English and Chinese] Testudinate Industry Branch of the China Fishery Association, published on occasion of WCH8; author not explicitly stated, 54 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Farkas B, Ziegler T, Pham CT, Ong AV, Fritz U 2019. A new species of Pelodiscus from northeastern Indochina (Testudines, Trionychidae). ZooKeys 824: 71–86 - get paper here
  • Fritz U; Obst F J 1999. Neue Schildkröten aus Südostasien Teil II. Bataguridae (Cyclemys, Heosemys, Mauremys, Ocadia, Pyxidea, Sacalia) und Trionychidae. Sauria 21 (1): 11–26. - get paper here
  • Gong, Shiping; Melita Vamberger, Markus Auer, Peter Praschag, Uwe Fritz 2018. Millennium-old farm breeding of Chinese softshell turtles (Pelodiscus spp.) results in massive erosion of biodiversity. The Science of Nature 105: 34 - get paper here
  • Zhao, K. 1997. Studies on the classification of Chinese soft-shelled turtles (Trionychidae). [in Chinese]. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 15 (Suppl.): 55-64 - get paper here
  • ZHOU, T; P-P Li. 2007. Chelonian species diversity and current status in China. (in Chinese). Sichuan Journal of Zoology 26 (2):463-467 - get paper here
  • Zhou,G.; Zhang,X. & Fang,Z. 1991. Bulletin of a new species of Trionyx (in Chinese with English summary). Acta Sci. nat. Univ. norm. Hunan 14 (4): 379-382 - get paper here
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