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Pelodiscus maackii (BRANDT, 1858)

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Higher TaxaTrionychidae (Trionychinae), Trionychoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRussian: дальневосточная черепаха, или черепаха Маака 
SynonymTrionyx maackii BRANDT 1858: 609
Amyda maacki — STEJNEGER 1907: 529
Pelodiscus maackii — DAVID 1994: 35
Pelodiscus maackii — FRITZ & HAVAS 2007: 318
Pelodiscus maackii — DAVLETBAKOV et al. 2016 
DistributionRussia (Amur, Ussuri, Sungari and Liao-che River systems in the Far East) NE China, Democratic Republic of Korea, South Korea (Chkhikvadze 1987), Kyrgyzstan

Type locality: rivers south of the Amur River, namely Sungari and Ussuri Rivers and course of the Amur River between the Sungari and Ussuri Rivers.  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: unlocated (PP van Dijk, pers. comm. 9 June 2014). 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy mainly after FRITZ & HAVAS 2007. Trionyx maackii BRANDT 1858 was previously considered as a synonym of P. sinensis. Pelodiscus maackii and P. parviformis, both harboring distinct mitochondrial lineages, were not differentiated from P. sinensis in the nuclear markers studied by Gong et al. 2018.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers and tributaries, swamps) 
EtymologyTrionyx maacki has been named after a R. Maack, a Russian who traveled in the Amur region in the early 1850ies and who collected the type (of Trionyx maacki). 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Brandt, Johann F. 1858. Observationes quaedam ad generis trionychum species duas novas spectantes. Bull. Acad. Imper. Sci. St. Petersbourg, classe Phys.-Mathemat., 16(9): cols. 110-111 (reprinted in Mél. Biol. Acad. Sci. St. Pétersbourg 2: 609-610, 1857) - get paper here
  • Chang, Min-Ho; Jae-Young Song and Kyo-Soung Koo 2012. The Status of Distribution for Native Freshwater Turtles in Korea, with Remarks on Taxonomic Position. Korean J. Environ. Biol. 30 (2): 151-155
  • David, Patrick 1994. Liste des reptiles actuels du monde. I. Chelonii. Dumerilia 1: 7-127
  • Davletbakov, A. T.; L. A. Kustareva, D. A. Milko, A. N. Ostastshenko, S. S. Sagymbaev, S. A. Toropov, N. V. Trotchenko 2015. Genetical Fund Cadastre of Kyrgyz Republic. Vol. IV. Phylum Chordata (chordates). Bishkek, 128 p. + XXXVI color tables - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. & Havas, P. 2007. CHECKLIST OF CHELONIANS OF THE WORLD. Vertebrate Zoology 57(2): 149-368 - get paper here
  • Gong, Shiping; Melita Vamberger, Markus Auer, Peter Praschag, Uwe Fritz 2018. Millennium-old farm breeding of Chinese softshell turtles (Pelodiscus spp.) results in massive erosion of biodiversity. The Science of Nature 105: 34 - get paper here
  • Maslova I.V., Portnyagina E.Yu., Sokolova D.A., Vorobieva P.A., Akulenko M.V., Portnyagin A.S., Somov A.A. 2018. Distribution of rare and endangered amphibians and reptiles in Primorsky Krai (Far East, Russia). Nature Conservation Research 3 (Suppl.1): 61–72. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2018.052 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, LEONHARD H. 1907. Herpetology of Japan and adjacent territory. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 58: xx, 1-577 - get paper here
 
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