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Pelomedusa subrufa (BONNATERRE, 1789)

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Higher TaxaPelomedusidae, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesPelomedusa subrufa subrufa (LACÉPÈDE 1788)
Pelomedusa subrufa nigra GRAY 1863
Pelomedusa subrufa olivacea (SCHWEIGGER 1812) 
Common NamesE: Helmeted Turtle, Marsh terrapin
G: Starrbrust-Pelomedusenschildkröte 
SynonymTestudo subrufa LACÉPÈDE 1788: 173
Testudo subrufa — BONNATERRE 1789: 28
Testudo galeata SCHOEPFF 1792
Testudo badia DONNDORF 1798
Testudo rubicunda SUCKOW 1798
Emys olivacea SCHWEIGGER 1812 (non E. olivacea GRAY 1855)
Pentonyx capensis DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 390 (nom. subst. pro T. sufrufa)
Pentonyx gehafie RÜPPELL 1835: 2
Pelomedusa subrufa — GRAY 1844
Pentonix americana Cornalia 1849
Pentonyx gehafie — DUMÉRIL 1852: 245
Pelomedusa mozambica PETERS (nomen nudum) in GRAY 1855 (?)
Pelomedusa mossambicensis PETERS (nom. nud.) in LICHTENSTEIN 1856 (?)
Pelomedusa nigra GRAY 1863: 99
Pelomedusa gasconi ROCHEBRUNE 1884
Pelomedusa galeata — BOULENGER 1889
Pelomedusa galeata — BOETTGER 1893: 113
Pelomedusa galeata var. disjuncta VAILLANT & GRANDIDIER 1910
Pelomedusa galeata — SCHMIDT 1919: 415
Pelomedusa galeata orangensis HEWITT 1935
Pelomedusa galeata devilliersi HEWITT 1935
Pelomedusa galeata damarensis HEWITT 1935
Pelomedusa subrufa wettsteini MERTENS 1937
Pelomedusa subrufa olivacea — LOVERIDGE 1941
Testudo emys arabica N. — EHRENBERG in STRESEMANN 1954
Pelomedusa subrufa — AUERBACH 1987: 72
Pelomedusa subrufa — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 227
Pelomedusa subrufa subrufa — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 7
Pelomedusa subrufa — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Pelomedusa subrufa nigra GRAY 1863
Pelomedusa nigra GRAY 1863: 99
Pelomedusa subrufa nigra — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008

Pelomedusa subrufa olivacea (SCHWEIGGER 1812)
Emys olivacea SCHWEIGGER 1812: 307 (non GRAY 1855)
Pelomedusa subrufa olivacea — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008 
DistributionEthiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, Chad ?, Central African Republic, Cameroon ?,
Benin ?, Togo ?, Ghana, Senegal, Mali , Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, Congo, Mauritania,
Republic of South Africa, Madagascar, Swaziland, Botswana, Tanzania; Mozambique, elevations up to 3000 m in East Africa fide WERNING & WOLF 2007), Kenya

nigra: South Africa

olivacea: Ethiopia, Sudan, W to Cameroon and Nigeria, Gambia

Type locality: "Indes" (in error); designated by Mertens (1937:141), as Cape of Good Hope, Republic of South Africa; designated by Bour (1982) as "Tadanaro (Fort Dauphin), Republique Malagasy" (=Madagascar). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: MNHN 7970. 
CommentPlease note that SAVAGE (2003) suggested to reject Lacepède’s (1788) “Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares” as a non-binominal work (Case 3226; Bull. Zool. Nom. 60 (2)). This application has been successful. The ICZN (2005) has ruled that Lacepède’s (1788) work (and all subsequent editions of this work) are rejected as an unavailable, non-binominal work.

Reproduction: oviparous. 
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