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Pelusios gabonensis (DUMÉRIL, 1856)

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Higher TaxaPelomedusidae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Gabon Turtle, Gabon hinged terrapin
G: Rückenstreifen-Pelomedusenschildkröte 
SynonymPentonyx gabonensis DUMÉRIL 1856
Pelomedusa gabonica — PETERS 1864 (ex errore)
Sternotherus gabonensis — BOCAGE 1866: 40
Sternothaerus gabonensis — BOULENGER 1889
Sternothaerus steindachneri SIEBENROCK 1901: 6
Sternothaerus gabonensis — SIEBENROCK 1905
Pelusios gabonensis — SCHMIDT 1919: 413
Pelusios gabonensis — BROADLEY 1998
Pelusios gabonensis — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012
Pelusios gabonensis — TTWG 2014: 437
Pelusios gabonensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 57 
DistributionDemocratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire; except in the north), Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Principé (Gulf of Guinea), Central African Republic,
Togo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Guinea, Angola

Type locality: "Gabon."  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 4237 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Gray (1864) lists Sternothaerus gaboonensis as synonym of S. derbianus which itself seems to be a synonym of Pelusios subniger.

Distribution: For maps see TTWG 2014 and Kindler et al. 2015.

Habitat: freshwater (Lakes, quiet rivers) 
Etymology 
References
  • Bocage,J.V. du B. 1866. Lista dos reptis das possessões portuguezas d'Africa occidental que existem no Museu Lisboa. Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa 1: 37-56
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. The holotypes of Pentonyx gabonensis A. Duméril, 1856 and Cryptopodus aubryi A. Duméril, 1856. Emys 15 (3):41-44
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Bour,R. 1983. Trois populations endémiques de genre Pelusios (Reptilia, Chelonii, Pelomedusidae) aux îles Seychelles; relations avec les espèces africaines et malagaches. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris (4) 5: 343-382.
  • Chirio, L. & Lebreton, M. 2007. Atlas des reptiles du Cameroun. MNHN, IRD, Paris 688 pp.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.H.A. 1856. Note sur les reptiles du Gabon. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliquée, Paris, (2) 8: 369-377, 417–424, 460–470, 553–562 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray,J.E. 1864. On the species of the genus Sternothaerus, with some observations on Kinixys. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 165-170 - get paper here
  • Hofer, D. 2002. The São Tomé and Principé Handbook. D. Hofer Verlag, Bern, 152 pp.
  • Kindler, Carolin; Maggie Moosig, William R. Branch, James Harvey, Christian Kehlmaier, Zoltán T. Nagy, Hynek Prokop, Pavel Široký and Uwe Fritz 2015. Comparative phylogeographies of six species of hinged terrapins (Pelusios spp.) reveal discordant patterns and unexpected differentiation in the P. castaneus/P. chapini complex and P. rhodesianus Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12647 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • McCord, W.P., Joseph-Ouni, M. & Bour, R. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #15: Madagascan Big-Headed, African Helmeted, and West African Mud Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (35): 63-67 - get paper here
  • Pauwels, O.S.G. & Vande weghe, J.P. 2008. Les reptiles du Gabon. Smithsonian Institution, Washington: 272 pp. - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, F. 1901. Eine neue Schildkröte aus Madagaskar. Zool. Anz. 25: 6-8 - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, F. 1905. Chelonologische Notizen. Zool. Anz. 29: 460-468
  • Siebenrock, F. 1907. Über zwei Schildkröten aus Kamerun. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien 22: 1-8
  • Siebenrock, F. 1916. Schildkröten aus dem nördlichen Seengebiet und von Belgisch-Kongo. In: Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Expedition R. Grauer nach Zentralafrika, Dezember 1909 bis Februar 1911. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien 30: 1-12
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1943. Contribution à la systématique des Boiginae du Congo Belge (Rept.) [and errata slip]. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 37: 157-189
 
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