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Pelusios sinuatus (SMITH, 1838)

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Higher TaxaPelomedusidae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesPelusios sinuatus sinuatus (SMITH 1838)
Pelusios sinuatus bottegi (BOULENGER 1895) 
Common NamesE: (East African) Serrated Turtle 
SynonymSternotherus sinuatus SMITH 1838
Sternotherus dentatus PETERS 1848 (nom. nud.)
Sternotherus sinuatus — GRAY 1864: 166
Sternothaerus sinuatus — BOULENGER 1889
Pelusios sinuatus — SCHMIDT 1919
Pelusios sinuatus zuluensis HEWITT 1927
Pelusios sinuatus zuluensis HEWITT 1931: 471
Pelusios sinuatus — LOVERIDGE 1936
Pelusios sinuatus — AUERBACH 1987: 75
Pelusios sinuatus — BROADLEY 1998
Pelusios sinuatus — TTWG 2014
Pelusios sinuatus — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 60

Pelusios sinuatus bottegi (BOULENGER 1895)
Sternothaerus bottegi BOULENGER 1895
Pelusios sinuatus leptus HEWITT 1933
Pelusios sinuatus bottegi — VAMBERGER et al. 2019 
DistributionE/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Ethiopia, Botswana,
Republic of South Africa (Zululand, Transvaal, Natal, Swaziland), Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia

Type locality: "Rivers to the north of 25° south latitude," South Africa; restricted to "the Crocodile, Marico confluence, N. Transvaal," Republic of South Africa, by Broadley (1981:675).

bottegi: Zimbabwe, Botswana?, Tanzania, Mozambique, Somalia, Kenya; Type locality: Bardere (Bardera), Somalia.  
TypesHolotype: NMSZ (formerly RSM) 1859.13.1684 (Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh)
Holotype: MSNG 2319 [bottegi] 
CommentSynonymy: Calabresi 1916 and Siebenrock 1916 treated bottegi as a synonym of P. sinuatus. Vamberger et al. 2019 resurrected bottegi as subspecies of P. sinuatus, as the northern clade.

Habitat: freshwater (Lakes, quiet rivers)

Distribution: Vamberger et al. 2019 do not precisely delineate the distribution of both subspecies, but see their map in Fig. 1. 
  • Anderson, N.B. 1995. Life History Notes - Pelusios sinuatus. African Herp News (23): 46-46 - get paper here
  • Auerbach, R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Barnes, Keith 2016. Animals of Kruger National Park. Princeton University Press, ca. 180 pp. - get paper here
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1889. Catalogue of the chelonians, rhynchocephalians, and crocodiles in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum, London, 311 pp.
  • Boulenger, George Albert 1896. Report on Capt. Bottego's second collection of reptiles and batrachians from Somaliland. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova Serie 2, 17: 15-23, 1 plate - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1895. Rettili e Batraci. in, Esplorazione del Giuba e dei suoi Affluenti compiuta dal Cap. V. Bottego durante gli Anni 1892-93 sotto gli auspicii della Società Geografica Italiana. Annali Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria (2) 15: 9-18
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Bour,R. 1983. Trois populations endémiques de genre Pelusios (Reptilia, Chelonii, Pelomedusidae) aux îles Seychelles; relations avec les espèces africaines et malagaches. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris (4) 5: 343-382.
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1962. On some reptile collections from the North-Western and North-Eastern Districts of Southern Rhodesia 1958-1961, with descriptions of four new lizards. Occ. Pap. Nat. Mus. South. Rhodesia 26 (B): 787-843
  • Broadley, D.G. 1981. A review of the genus Pelusios Wagler in southern Africa (Pleurodira: Pelomedusidae). Occasional Papers of the National Museum of Rhodesia, B, Natural Science. 6 (9): 633-686. - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. 1997. An anomalous specimen of Pelusios sinuatus lacking mesoplastra. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (4): 610-611
  • Capocaccia, L. 1961. Catalogo dei tipi di Rettili del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova [MSNG]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria 72: 86-111
  • Cimatti, E. 2006. African Jewels: Tanzania on foot. Reptilia (GB) (46): 65-70 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Gray,J.E. 1864. On the species of the genus Sternothaerus, with some observations on Kinixys. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 165-170 - get paper here
  • Hewitt, J. 1931. Descriptions of some African tortoises. Annals of the Natal Museum Pietermaritzburg. 6: 461-506.
  • Hewitt, J. 1935. Some new forms of batrachians and reptiles from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. 4: 283-357
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza, B., and A. Sassi 1966. Le testuggini terrestri e d’acqua dolce della Somalia (Reptilia Testudines). Monitore Zoologico Italiano, 2 (supplemento): 257-272
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Laurent, R.F. 1956. Contribution à l'herpetologie de la région des Grandes Lacs de l'Afrique centrale. Ann. Mus. Roy. Congo Belge (Sci. Zool.), 48: 1-390
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P., Joseph-Ouni, M. & Bour, R. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #17: Eastern and Southern African Mud Turtles. Reptilia (GB) (37): 73-77 - get paper here
  • Muchai, Vincent & Patrick Malonza 2011. The reptiles and amphibians of Kibwezi Forest, Ngulia and Chyulu Hills. Kenya Past and Present (39): 45-49 - get paper here
  • Omonona, A.O.; S.G. Olukole, F.A. Fushe 2011. Haematology and serum biochemical parameters in free-ranging African side neck turtle (Pelusios sinuatus) in Ibadan, Nigeria. Acta Herpetologica 6 (2): 267-274 - get paper here
  • Peters, W.C.H. 1848. Ueber eigenthümliche Moschusdrüsen bei Schildkröten. Müller’s Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie 1848: 492-496
  • Rödel, M.-O. 1990. Beitrag zur Kenntnis einiger kenianischer Schildkröten und ihrer Lebensräume. Sauria 12 (1): 25-29 - get paper here
  • Rödel, M.O. & Bussmann, R. 1992. Weitere Daten zur Verbreitung und habitatwahl von Geochelone pardalis babcocki (BELL 1826), Pelomedusa subrufa subrufa (LACÉPÈDE 1788) und Pelusios sinuatus (SMITH 1838) in Kenia. Sauria 14 (2): 33-37 - get paper here
  • Scheyer, Torsten M.; Benjamin Brüllmann, and Marcelo R. Sänchez-Villagra 2008. The Ontogeny of the Shell in Side-Necked Turtles, With Emphasis on the Homologies of Costal and Neural Bones. Journal of Morphology 269:1008–1021
  • Schleicher, Alfred 2013. Auf Safari in Sambia, oder: Warum flüchten die Pelomedusen? Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (4): 40-41 - get paper here
  • Smith, A. 1838. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, consisting chiefly of Figures and Descriptions of the Objects of Natural History collected during an Expedition into the Interior of South Africa, in the years 1834, 1835, and 1836 . . . Vol. 3, Reptilia. Smith, Elder, and Co., London [This series was published in 28 parts; see Waterhouse 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1880:489-491, and Jentink 1893, Notes Leyden Mus. 15:182, for publication dates and contents.] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Sweeney, R. C. H. 1960. THE CHELONIA OF NYASALAND PROTECTORATE. The Nyasaland Journal 13 (1): 35-50 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de & LAURENT,R.F. 1943. Contribution à la systématique des Boiginae du Congo Belge (Rept.) [and errata slip]. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 37: 157-189
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