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Pelusios subniger (BONNATERRE, 1789)

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Higher TaxaPelomedusidae, Pelomedusoidea, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesPelusios subniger subniger (BONNATERRE 1789)
Pelusios subniger parietalis BOUR 1983 
Common NamesPan-hinged terrapin, East African Black Mud Turtle, Black-bellied hinged terrapin 
SynonymTestudo subnigra LACÉPÈDE in BONNATERRE 1789: 30
Testudo nigricans DONNDORFF 1798
Emys castanea SCHWEIGGER 1812
Sternothaerus leachianus BELL 1825
Sternotherus Nigricans — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 399
Sternotherus derbianus GRAY 1844
? Sternothaerus subniger — GRAY 1863: 405
Sternotherus derbianus — GRAY 1864: 167
Sternotherus subniger — GRAY 1864: 168
Sternothaerus nigricans — BOULENGER 1889
Sternothaerus derbianus — BOULENGER 1889
Sternothaerus nigricans — ANDERSSON 1910
Sternothaerus nigricans castaneus — BARBOUR 1918: 489
Pelusios nigricans rhodesianus HEWITT 1927
Pelusios subniger — LINDHOLM 1929
Pelusios nigricans castanoides HEWITT 1931
Pelusios bechuanicus FITZSIMONS 1932
Pelusios carinatus LAURENT 1956
Pelusios subniger — AUERBACH 1987: 73
Pelusios subniger subniger — BROADLEY & HOWELL 1991: 7
Pelusios subniger — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 228
Pelusios subniger — BROADLEY 1998
Pelusios subniger — TTWG 2014
Pelusios subniger — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 61

Pelusios subniger parietalis BOUR 1983
Pelusios subniger parietalis — MCCORD et al. 2004
Pelusios subniger parietalis — TTWG 2014 
DistributionBurundi, Tanzania, Mozambique, S Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), Zambia, N Botswana, Zimbabwe, Central African Republic, Namibia, E Republic of South Africa,
Gloriosa Island, Madagascar, Seychelles, Sao Tome,
Gambia (MacCarty Island, HÅKANSSON 1981), Cameroon
introduced to Mauritius, Gloriosa Isles, Diego Garcia, Chagos Archipelago, and Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles.

Type locality: Unknown; later designated as "Tamatave," on the east coast of Madagascar, by Bour (1978) and confirmed by Bour (1982).

parietalis: Seychelles Islands (Cousin Island)  
TypesHolotype: MNHN 8366.
Paratype: TM 49339 [parietalis] 
CommentIt remains unclear whether the introduced population on Mauritius still exists.

Please note that SAVAGE (2003) suggested to reject Lacepède’s (1788) “Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares” as a non-binominal work (Case 3226; Bull. Zool. Nom. 60 (2)). This application has been successful. The ICZN (2005) has ruled that Lacepède’s (1788) work (and all subsequent editions of this work) are rejected as an unavailable, non-binominal work.

Specimens from Guadeloupe assigned to P. subniger were actually P. castaneus according to Iverson (1992).

Type species: Testudo subnigra LACÉPÈDE in BONNATERRE 1789: 30 is the type species of the genus Pelusios WAGLER 1830. According to STEJNEGER 1902: 237, Emys castanea SCHWEIGGER 1812 and Testudo subnigra = Testudo nigricans DONNDORFF 1798 are the type species of the genus Pelusios WAGLER 1830

Habitat: freshwater (Lakes, quiet rivers) 
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