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Phalotris nasutus (GOMES, 1915)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesPortuguese: Fura-Terra, Fura-Terra-Nariguda 
SynonymElapomorphus nasutus GOMES 1915
Phalotris nasutus — DE LEMA 2002
Phalotris nasutus — MOURA et al. 2013
Phalotris nasutus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 547
Phalotris nasutus — MARTINS & DE LEMA 2015
Phalotris nasutus — NOGUEIRA et al. 2019 
DistributionBrazil (Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais)

Type locality: Paineiras, Uberaba, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.  
TypesHolotype: IBSP (= IB) 873, received alive from Mr. ABDON ALONSO, in March 1915. 
DiagnosisDescription of type specimen. “Adult female. Snout prominent, Diameter of the eye 3/5 of its distance from the oral margin. Rostral broader than high, extending to the upper surface of the snout the visible portion above measuring a little a more than half of its distance from the frontal; internasals broader than longer; internasal suture about 1/3 of its distance from the frontal; prefrontals fused in only one shield; frontal a little longer than broad, shorter than its distance from the tip of the snout, much shorter than the parietals; nasal entire; preocular 1, in contact with the nasal; postoculars 2; temporal 0 + 1; supralabials 6, 2nd and 3rd entering the eye, 5th in contact with the parietal; 4 lower labials in contact with the anterior chin-shield, which are shorter than the posterior ones. Scales in 15 rows. Ventrals 192; anal divided; subcaudals 27 pairs. Red above; lower parts reddish white. Upper surface of the head and nape little darker, separated by an almost indistinct collar.” (Gomes 1915)

Dimensions. Total length 800 mm.; tail 65 mm.” (Gomes 1915)

Remarks. “Elapomorphus nasutus is very easily distinguished from all the other species of the same genus by the ahsence of the anterior temporal and by its color almost uniformly red (adult).” (Gomes 1915) 
CommentApparently not listed in the Zoological Record of 1915-1916. 
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotropica 12 (3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Bressan, Paulo Magalhães; Maria Cecília Martins Kierulff, Angélica Midori Sugieda (eds.) 2009. FAUNA AMEAÇADA DE EXTINÇÃO NO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO: VERTEBRADOS. São Paulo: Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo: Secretaria do Meio Ambiente, 2009. - get paper here
  • DE LEMA, T. 2002. New species of Phalotris from northern Brazil with notes on the nasutus group (Serpentes: Elapomorphinae). Comunicacoes do Museu de Ciencias e Tecnologia da PUCRS Serie Zoologia, 15(2): 201-214.
  • Entiauspe-Neto, Omar Machado; Arthur Tiutenko, Weverton dos Santos Azevedo, & Arthur Diesel Abegg 2021. Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence: on the taxonomic identity of Phalotris cerradensis Silveira, 2020. Revue suisse de Zoologie 128(1): 53-60
  • Ferrarezzi H. 1993. Nota sobre o genero Phalotris com revisao do grupo nasutus e descricao de tres novas especies (Serpentes, Colubridae, Xenodontinae). Mem. Inst. Butantan 55 (SUPPL. 1): 21-38. - get paper here
  • Ferreira Vanda Lúcia, Ellen Wang & Jeffrey Alan Himmelstein 2005. Geographic Distribution: Phalotris nasutus . Herpetological Review 36 (2): 204 - get paper here
  • Franca, F.G.R.; Daniel O. Mesquita, Cristiano C. Nogueira, and Alexandre F. B. Araújo 2008. Phylogeny and Ecology Determine Morphological Structure in a Snake Assemblage in the Central Brazilian Cerrado. Copeia 2008 (1): 23-38 - get paper here
  • Gomes, J.F. 1915. Contribuição para o conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil. 1. Descrição de quatro especies novas e um novo Gênero de opisthóglyphos. 2. Ophidios do Museu Rocha (Ceará). Ann. Paulistas Med. & Chirurg. 4 (6): 121-129
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M; Kohler, G 2008. A new species of Phalotris from the eastern lowlands of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 103-110
  • MARQUES, O. A. V. et al. 2009. Repteis. In: Bressan et al., FAUNA AMEAÇADA DE EXTINÇÃO NO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO: VERTEBRADOS. São Paulo: Fundação Parque Zoológico de São Paulo: Secretaria do Meio Ambiente, pp. 285-327 - get paper here
  • Martins, L.A. & Lema, T. de 2015. Elapomorphini (Serpentes, Xenodontinae) do Brasil sudoeste. Neotropical Biology and Conservation 10(2): 93-102; doi: 10.4013/nbc.2015.102.05 - get paper here
  • Moura, Mario Ribeiro; Henrique Caldeira Costa & Renata Magalhães Pirani 2013. Rediscovery of Phalotris concolor (Serpentes: Dipsadidae: Elapomorphini). ZOOLOGIA 30 (4): 430–436 - get paper here
  • Nogueira, Cristiano C.; Antonio J.S. Argôlo, Vanesa Arzamendia, Josué A. Azevedo, Fausto E. Barbo, Renato S. Bérnils, Bruna E. Bolochio, Marcio Borges-Martins, Marcela Brasil-Godinho, Henrique Braz, Marcus A. Buononato, Diego F. Cisneros-Heredia, 2019. Atlas of Brazilian snakes: verified point-locality maps to mitigate the Wallacean shortfall in a megadiverse snake fauna. South American J. Herp. 14 (Special Issue 1):1-274 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zaher, Hussam; Fausto Erritto BarboI; Paola Sanchez Martínez; Cristiano Nogueira; Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues; Ricardo Jannini Sawaya 2011. Répteis do Estado de São Paulo: conhecimento atual e perspectivas. Biota Neotropica, 11 (1): 1–15. - get paper here
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