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Phelsuma grandis GRAY, 1870

IUCN Red List - Phelsuma grandis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Madagascar Day Gecko
G: Großer Taggecko 
SynonymPhelsuma grandis GRAY 1870
Phelsuma madagascariensis venusta MERTENS 1964
Phelsuma madagascariensis venusta — WERMUTH 1965: 131
Phelsuma madagascariensis notissima MERTENS 1970 (fide MEIER 1982)
Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 291
Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis — RÖSLER 1995: 142
Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis — BERGHOF 2005: 78
Phelsuma grandis — RAXWORTHY et al. 2007
Phelsuma grandis — HALLMANN et al. 2008: 115 
DistributionN Madagascar, Nosy Komba

Type locality: Madagascar, 25 km south of Diego Suarez (Antsiranana).

Introduced to Florida, incl. Florida Keys (USA) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 
CommentSynonymy: Some authors (such as MERTENS 1962) have synonymized grandis with madagascariensis.

Max length: 300 mm 
References
  • Andersson, Lars Gabriel 1910. Reptiles and batrachians from the north-west of Madagascar collected by V. Kaudern, 1906-1907. Arkiv för Zoologi 7 (7): 1-15.
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2005. Taggeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 144 pp. - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.P. & hoesch, U. 2008. Neue Erkenntnisse bezüglich der Verbreitungsgrenzen von Phelsuma grandis und Phelsuma madagascariensis in Nordost-Madagaskar. Sauria 30 (2): 53-56 - get paper here
  • Berghof, P. 2014. Phelsumenhaltung im Terrarium. Eine Erfolgsstory? Reptilia (Münster) 19 (105): 18-26
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Börner A M; Minuth W 1984. On the taxonomy of the Indian Ocean lizards of the Phelsuma madagascariensis species group (Reptilia, Gekkonidae). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81 (2) 1984: 243-281 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Budzinski, S. & Budzinski, R.M. 2010. Taggeckos der Insel Mauritius. Draco 11 (43): 45-52 - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Jeffrey Dawson, and Sunil Kumar 2009. The Influence of Habitat Type and Structure on the Abundance of Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis (Gekkoninae) in Northern Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 55-61 - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Katie Green, Jeffrey Dawson, Carlie Gardner, Janine Robinson, Georgina Starkie, Miguel Vences, and Frank Glaw. 2007. The First Comprehensive Survey of Amphibians and Reptiles at Montagne des Francais, Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 87-99 - get paper here
  • Denzer, W. 1981. Phelsumen - Haltung und Nachzucht im Terrarium. Sauria 3 (1): 23-26 - get paper here
  • Drewes, Oliver 2009. Kompaktwissen Taggeckos. Vivaria Verlag, 96 pp.
  • Dubos, Nicolas; Nicola Piludu, Raphali Rodlis Andriantsimanarilafy, Joseph Christian Randrianantoandro and Franco Andreone. 2014. New findings of Phelsuma grandis and P. laticauda (Sauria: Gekkonidae) at the southern edge of the range of the endangered Phelsuma serraticauda in eastern Madagascar. Herpetology Notes 7: 21-23 - get paper here
  • D’Cruze, N.; Köhler, J.; Franzen, M & Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Forêt d’Ambre Special Reserve, north Madagascar. MADAGASCAR CONSERVATION & DEVELOPMENT 3 (1): 44-54
  • Forsberg, M. 2004. Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei - the Madagascar Day Gecko. Reptilia (GB) (34): 34-38 [erratum in 36: 47] - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.S. 2007. Verhaltensbeobachtungen an Taggeckos der Gattung Phelsuma im Nordosten Madagaskars mit einem neuen Verbreitungsnachweis für Phelsuma quadriocellata lepida KRÜGER, 1993. Sauria 29 (2): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. & Rösler, H. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of the day geckos of the genera Phelsuma Gray,1825 and Rhoptropella Hewitt,1937 (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray, J. E. 1870. Note on a new night-lizard (Phelsuma grandis) from Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 6:191 - get paper here
  • Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp. - get paper here
  • Heygen, E.v. 2004. The genus Phelsuma GRAY, 1825 on the Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Phelsuma 12: 99-117
  • Hyde Roberts, S. & C. Daly 2014. A rapid herpetofaunal assessment of Nosy Komba Island, northwestern Madagascar, with new locality records for seventeen species. Salamandra 50 (1): 18-26 - get paper here
  • Ikeuchi, Isami; Mori, Akira; Hasegawa, Masam 2005. Natural history of Phelsuma madagascariensis kochi from a dry forest in Madagascar. Amphibia-Reptilia 26 (4): 475-483 - get paper here
  • Kearney, Michael and Nicole Kearney 2002. Geckos of the Promised Land: A Magical Month in Madagascar. Gekko 2 (2): 21-28
  • Kober, I. 2004. Der grosse Madagaskar-Taggecko - Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Kober, I. 2006. Guter Anfang: der Große Madagaskar-Taggecko (Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis). Terraria 1 (1): 87-89
  • Krüger, Jens 1996. Angaben zur Intergradationszone von Phelsuma m. madagascariensis und Phelsuma m. grandis im Nord-Osten Madagaskars. Salamandra 32 (3): 217-222 - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • KRYSKO, K.L. AND KEIDRA J. DANIELS 2005. A Key to the Geckos (Sauria: Gekkonidae) of Florida. Carib. J. Sci. 41 (1): 28-36 - get paper here
  • Krysko, Kenneth L., A. Nichole Hopper, and Coleman M. Sheehy III. 2003. The Madagascar Giant Day Gecko Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis Gray 1870 (Sauria: Gekkonidae): A new established species in Florida. Florida Scientist 66(3): pp. 222-225 - get paper here
  • Krysko, Kenneth L., James G. Duquesnel and Robert N. Reed. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Phelsuma grandis (Madagascar day gecko). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 626
  • Martinez, Angie, Kevin M. Enge and Jonathan D. Mays. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Phelsuma grandis (Madagascar day gecko). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 570
  • Meier, H. 1982. Ergebnisse zur Taxonomie und Ökologie einiger Arten und Unterarten der Gattung Phelsuma auf Madagaskar, gesammelt in den Jahren 1972 bis 1981, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Form (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 18 (3-4): 168—190 - get paper here
  • Meier, H. 1989. Zur Faunistik madagassischer Taggeckos der gattung Phelsuma östlich von Fianarantsoa, bei Tamatave und auf der Insel Ste. Marie. Salamandra 25 (3-4): 224-229 - get paper here
  • Meier, H.; Böhme, W. 1991. Zur Arealkunde von Phelsuma madagascariensis GRAY, 1831, anhand der Museumssammlungen A. Koenig und Senckenberg, mit Bemerkungen zur Variabilität von P.m. kochi MERTENS 1954. Salamandra 27 (3): 143-151 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1954. Studien über die Reptilienfauna Madagaskars II. Eine neue Rasse von Phelsuma madagascariensis. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35: 13—16.
  • Mertens, R. 1964. Fünf neue Rassen der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana Biologica 45: 99-112.
  • Mertens,R. 1962. Die Arten und Unterarten der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana biologica 43: 81-127
  • Mertens,R. 1970. Neues über einige Taxa der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana biologica 51: 1-13
  • Nicolas Dubos. 2013. New locality record for Phelsuma grandis (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Reunion, in sympatry with the critically endangered Phelsuma inexpectata. Herpetology Notes 6: 309-311. - get paper here
  • Packard, M. J., and K. F. Hirsch. 1989. Structure of shells from eggs of the geckos Gekko gecko and Phelsuma madagascariensis. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67(3): 746-758
  • PROBST, J-M. 1997. Animaux de La Réunion - guide d’identification des oiseaux, mammifères, reptiles et amphibiens. Edit. Azalées, 168 pp.
  • Rakotoarison, Andolalao; Jesse Erens, Fanomezana M. Ratsoavina, Miguel Vences 2015. Amphibian and reptile records from around the Betsiboka delta area in North-Western Madagascar Herpetology Notes 8: 535-543 - get paper here
  • Raxworthy, C. J.; Ingram, Rabibisoa & Pearson 2007. Applications of Ecological Niche Modeling for Species Delimitation: A Review and Empirical Evaluation Using Day Geckos (Phelsuma) from Madagascar. Systematic Biology 56: 907 - 923 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, SARA; HERBERT RÖSLER, PHILIP-SEBASTIAN GEHRING, FRANK GLAW, DAVID POSADA, D. JAMES HARRIS & MIGUEL VENCES 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Rogner, M. 2014. Der Große Madagaskar-Taggecko, Phelsuma grandis: Verbreitung, Haltung und Vermehrung. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (105): 28-31
  • Rösler, H. 1988. Über das „Eifressen" im Terrarium bei Arten der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY, 1825 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) Salamandra 24 (1): 20-26 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 2001. Zur Rumpfbeschuppung der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY 1825: zoogeographische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 47-73
  • Schönecker, P. & Schönecker, S. 2010. Phelsumensuche in Madagaskar - empfehlenswerte Ziele für Naturerlebnisse mit Taggeckos. Draco 11 (43): 65-76 - get paper here
  • Trautmann, G. & Rösler, H. 2007. Zur Widerstandsfähigkeit von Geckoeiern gegenüber relativ hohen Temperaturen. Sauria 29 (4): 53-54 - get paper here
  • Wanger, T. C., I. Motzke, S. C. Furrer & B. Gruber 2009. Movement patterns and habitat selection of the giant day gecko (Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis) in the Masoala rainforest exhibit, Zurich Zoo Salamandra 45 (3): 147-153 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1834. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum novae hispaniae , quae itineribus comitis de Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede im Museum Zoologicum Berolinense Pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species. Berlin, Lüderitz, iv + 54 pp. - get paper here
  • Zimmermann, H. 2001. Das erste “deutsche” Naturschutzgebiet in Madagaskar, der “Drachenbaum-Regenwald Maromiza bei Andasibe und seine Herpetofauna. Herpetofauna 23 (134): 28-34 - get paper here
 
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