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Phelsuma madagascariensis GRAY, 1831

IUCN Red List - Phelsuma madagascariensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
SubspeciesPhelsuma madagascariensis boehmei MEIER 1982
Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis (GRAY 1831) 
Common NamesE: Madagascar Day Gecko
G: Großer Taggecko 
SynonymPhelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis (GRAY 1831)
Gekko madagascariensis GRAY 1831
Phelsuma sarrube [WIEGMANN 1834]
Phelsuma madagascariense — BOULENGER 1885: 214
Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis — MERTENS 1962
Phelsuma madagascariensis martensi MERTENS 1962: 105
Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei MEIER 1982
Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei MEIER 1982
Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 291
Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei — BERGHOF 2005: 78
Phelsuma madagascariensis — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 290
Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis — BERGHOF 2005: 78

Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei MEIER 1982
Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei — HALLMANN et al. 2008: 157 
DistributionMadagascar (Perinet, Andasibe, Ranomafana, Diego Suarez, Maevatanana, Tamatave), Nossi Be = Nosy Bé,Nosy Sakatia, Nosy Tanikely, Nosy Komba
USA (introduced to Florida).

boehmei: around Perinet; Type locality: Perinet.

madagascariensis: east coast between Fénérive and Mananjari-Kianjavato.

not recognized anymore:

martensi: coastal E Madagascar; Type locality: “Ambavala bei Fénérive”.

venusta: N Madagascar (south to Ambilobé); Type locality: “25 km südlich von Diego Suarez, Nord-Madagaskar”.

Type locality: Madagascar  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.26.34
Holotype: ZFMK 32107, paratypes in ZFMK and ZSM [boehmei]
Holotype: SMF [martensi]
Holotype: SMF [venusta] 
CommentMember of the Phelsuma madagascariensis (phenetic) group (GLAW, VENCES & ZIEGLER 1999). Some authors (such as MERTENS 1962) have synonymized grandis with madagascariensis. Raxworthy et al. (2007) consider P. m boehmei as a synonym of P. m. madagascariensis. However, Berghoff (2010) provides evidence for the separation of boehmei.

Max length: 230 mm (boehmei) - 240 mm (madagascariensis). 
  • Andersson, Lars Gabriel 1910. Reptiles and batrachians from the north-west of Madagascar collected by V. Kaudern, 1906-1907. Arkiv för Zoologi 7 (7): 1-15.
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2005. Taggeckos. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 144 pp. - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.-P. 2014. Phelsuma madagascariensis madagascariensis (Gray, 1831) – Eine alte Bekannte bietet Überraschugen. Reptilia (Münster) 19 (105): 32-36
  • Berghof, H.P. 2010. Bemerkungen zu unterschiedlichen Grössenformen von Phelsuma m. madagascariensis (GRAY, 1831) auf Nosy Boraha. Sauria 32 (3): 25-30 - get paper here
  • Berghof, H.P. & hoesch, U. 2008. Neue Erkenntnisse bezüglich der Verbreitungsgrenzen von Phelsuma grandis und Phelsuma madagascariensis in Nordost-Madagaskar. Sauria 30 (2): 53-56 - get paper here
  • Berghof, P. 2014. Phelsumenhaltung im Terrarium. Eine Erfolgsstory? Reptilia (Münster) 19 (105): 18-26
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Börner A M; Minuth W 1984. On the taxonomy of the Indian Ocean lizards of the Phelsuma madagascariensis species group (Reptilia, Gekkonidae). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 81 (2) 1984: 243-281 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Jeffrey Dawson, and Sunil Kumar 2009. The Influence of Habitat Type and Structure on the Abundance of Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis (Gekkoninae) in Northern Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 4: 55-61 - get paper here
  • D'Cruze, Neil; Jeremy Sabel, Katie Green, Jeffrey Dawson, Carlie Gardner, Janine Robinson, Georgina Starkie, Miguel Vences, and Frank Glaw. 2007. The First Comprehensive Survey of Amphibians and Reptiles at Montagne des Francais, Madagascar. Herp. Cons. Biol. 2 (2): 87-99 - get paper here
  • Drewes, Oliver 2009. Kompaktwissen Taggeckos. Vivaria Verlag, 96 pp.
  • Forsberg, M. 2004. Phelsuma madagascariensis boehmei - the Madagascar Day Gecko. Reptilia (GB) (34): 34-38 [erratum in 36: 47] - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.S. 2007. Verhaltensbeobachtungen an Taggeckos der Gattung Phelsuma im Nordosten Madagaskars mit einem neuen Verbreitungsnachweis für Phelsuma quadriocellata lepida KRÜGER, 1993. Sauria 29 (2): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.S. & Glaw, F. 2010. Bunte Vielfalt in modernem Licht: Taggeckos der Gattung Phelsuma. Draco 11 (43): 4-21
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Glaw ,F. & Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Köln (ISBN 3-929449-01-3)
  • Glaw, F. & Rösler, H. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of the day geckos of the genera Phelsuma Gray,1825 and Rhoptropella Hewitt,1937 (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gray, J. E. 1870. Note on a new night-lizard (Phelsuma grandis) from Madagascar. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 6:191 - get paper here
  • Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp. - get paper here
  • Heygen, E.v. 2004. The genus Phelsuma GRAY, 1825 on the Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Phelsuma 12: 99-117
  • Ikeuchi, Isami; Mori, Akira; Hasegawa, Masam 2005. Natural history of Phelsuma madagascariensis kochi from a dry forest in Madagascar. Amphibia-Reptilia 26 (4): 475-483 - get paper here
  • Kober, I. 2004. Der grosse Madagaskar-Taggecko - Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Kober, I. 2006. Guter Anfang: der Große Madagaskar-Taggecko (Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis). Terraria 1 (1): 87-89
  • Krüger, Jens 1996. Angaben zur Intergradationszone von Phelsuma m. madagascariensis und Phelsuma m. grandis im Nord-Osten Madagaskars. Salamandra 32 (3): 217-222 - get paper here
  • Krüger, Jens 1999. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Faunistik einiger Reptilien Madagaskars. Salamandra 35 (2): 65-76 - get paper here
  • KRYSKO, K.L. AND KEIDRA J. DANIELS 2005. A Key to the Geckos (Sauria: Gekkonidae) of Florida. Carib. J. Sci. 41 (1): 28-36 - get paper here
  • Krysko, Kenneth L., A. Nichole Hopper, and Coleman M. Sheehy III. 2003. The Madagascar Giant Day Gecko Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis Gray 1870 (Sauria: Gekkonidae): A new established species in Florida. Florida Scientist 66(3): pp. 222-225 - get paper here
  • Kuchling, G. 1993. Zur Verbreitung und Variabilität von Phelsuma madagascariensis kochi Salamandra 29 (3-4): 269-272 - get paper here
  • Meier, H. 1982. Ergebnisse zur Taxonomie und Ökologie einiger Arten und Unterarten der Gattung Phelsuma auf Madagaskar, gesammelt in den Jahren 1972 bis 1981, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Form (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Salamandra 18 (3-4): 168—190 - get paper here
  • Meier, H. 1989. Zur Faunistik madagassischer Taggeckos der gattung Phelsuma östlich von Fianarantsoa, bei Tamatave und auf der Insel Ste. Marie. Salamandra 25 (3-4): 224-229 - get paper here
  • Meier, H.; Böhme, W. 1991. Zur Arealkunde von Phelsuma madagascariensis GRAY, 1831, anhand der Museumssammlungen A. Koenig und Senckenberg, mit Bemerkungen zur Variabilität von P.m. kochi MERTENS 1954. Salamandra 27 (3): 143-151 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1954. Studien über die Reptilienfauna Madagaskars II. Eine neue Rasse von Phelsuma madagascariensis. Senckenbergiana Biologica 35: 13—16.
  • Mertens, R. 1964. Fünf neue Rassen der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana Biologica 45: 99-112.
  • Mertens,R. 1962. Die Arten und Unterarten der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana biologica 43: 81-127
  • Mertens,R. 1970. Neues über einige Taxa der Geckonengattung Phelsuma. Senckenbergiana biologica 51: 1-13
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Packard, M. J., and K. F. Hirsch. 1989. Structure of shells from eggs of the geckos Gekko gecko and Phelsuma madagascariensis. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67(3): 746-758
  • PROBST, J-M. 1997. Animaux de La Réunion - guide d’identification des oiseaux, mammifères, reptiles et amphibiens. Edit. Azalées, 168 pp.
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  • Raxworthy, C. J.; Ingram, Rabibisoa & Pearson 2007. Applications of Ecological Niche Modeling for Species Delimitation: A Review and Empirical Evaluation Using Day Geckos (Phelsuma) from Madagascar. Systematic Biology 56: 907 - 923 - get paper here
  • ROCHA, SARA; HERBERT RÖSLER, PHILIP-SEBASTIAN GEHRING, FRANK GLAW, DAVID POSADA, D. JAMES HARRIS & MIGUEL VENCES 2010. Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1–28 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Rösler, Herbert 2001. Zur Rumpfbeschuppung der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY 1825: zoogeographische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 3: 47-73
  • Trautmann, G. & Rösler, H. 2007. Zur Widerstandsfähigkeit von Geckoeiern gegenüber relativ hohen Temperaturen. Sauria 29 (4): 53-54 - get paper here
  • Wanger, T. C., I. Motzke, S. C. Furrer & B. Gruber 2009. Movement patterns and habitat selection of the giant day gecko (Phelsuma madagascariensis grandis) in the Masoala rainforest exhibit, Zurich Zoo Salamandra 45 (3): 147-153 - get paper here
  • Wiegmann,A.F.A. 1834. Herpetologia Mexicana, seu descriptio amphibiorum novae hispaniae , quae itineribus comitis de Sack, Ferdinandi Deppe et Chr. Guil. Schiede im Museum Zoologicum Berolinense Pervenerunt. Pars prima, saurorum species. Berlin, Lüderitz, iv + 54 pp. - get paper here
  • Zimmermann, H. 2001. Das erste “deutsche” Naturschutzgebiet in Madagaskar, der “Drachenbaum-Regenwald Maromiza bei Andasibe und seine Herpetofauna. Herpetofauna 23 (134): 28-34 - get paper here
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