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Philochortus zolii SCORTECCI, 1934

IUCN Red List - Philochortus zolii - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaLacertidae, Eremiadinae, Sauria, Lacertoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymPhilochortus zolii SCORTECCI 1934: 305
Philochortus lhotei ANGEL 1936
Philochortus lhotei — PAPENFUSS 1969: 298
Philochortus zolii — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 435
Philochortus zolli [sic] — ROGNER 2002
Philochortus zolii — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Philochortus zolii — NAIA et al. 2021 
DistributionS Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Mauritania, Algeria

Type locality: "oasis of Elbarkat, a few kilometers south of Gat" [= Ghat], SW Libya (near the border to Algeria)

lhotei: S Algeria, Niger; Type locality: “environs du puits d'In Abezou situé à 100 kilometres environ au Sud-Quest du puits d'In Abangarit, celui-ci étant le premier puits de la zone soudanaise, rencontré en allant du Hoggar [Algeria] vers Agadez” [Niger], corrected to In Abezou, Niger, 100 km SW of In Abangarit (= Abéssou) (A.P. Crochet, pers. comm.)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesTypes: unknown; not listed to be in MSNM (= MCSN, Milan) or MSNG (Genova) fide Scali 2010 and Capocaccia 1961. Bauer et al. 2017 say that the type in Milan was most likely lost in WWII.
Holotype: MNHN 1936.0086 (La.0372-0), female; but not listed for MNHN by Guibé 1954 [lhotei] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: P. lhotei was synonymized with P. zollii by Trape et al. 2012. SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996 only mentioned that the relationship of this species to P. zolii is uncertain.

Distribution: Occurs over a large range but with only spotty localities. See map in Naia et al. 2021: Fig. 1, Bauer et al. 2017: 226 (2 localities in Libya). 
EtymologyNamed after Signor Zolio, the President of the Italian Geographic Society, which supported the expedition to Libya during which the holotype was collected. 
References
  • Angel, M.F. 1936. Description d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Philochortus provenant des confins Saharo-Soudanais, et tableau synoptique des espèces du genre. Bull. Soc. Zool. (Paris) 61: 100-105
  • Baha el Din, S. 2006. A guide to the reptiles and amphibians of Egypt. The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo. xvi + 359 pp.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Jonathan C. DeBoer , Dylan J. Taylor 2017. Atlas of the Reptiles of Libya. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (8): 155-318 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bosch, Herman in den 2020. Observations on the Egyptian Grass-loving Lizard, Philochortus zolii (Lacertidae). Podarcis 11 (2): 29-39 - get paper here
  • Naia, M., Sow, A. S., Campos, J., Sidatt, Z. E. A., & Brito, J. C. 2021. Distribution, ecology, and conservation of Philochortus zolii in Mauritania: implications for the long-term persistence of an endangered lizard. African Journal of Herpetology, 1-11 - get paper here
  • Rogner, M. 2002. Praxisratgeber Eidechsen. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 151 pp. [review in Reptilia 8 (3): 94, Draco 21: 87].
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Scortecci, G. 1934. Descrizione preliminare di una nuova specie del genere Philochortus (Philochortus zolii) della zona di Gat (Missione della reale Societa Geografica). Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Naturale 73: 305-308
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Spawls, Stephen; Tomáš Mazuch& Abubakr Mohammad 2023. Handbook of Amphibians and Reptiles of North-east Africa. Bloomsbury, 640 pp. - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Zavattari, E. 1937. I vertebrati della Libia. Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstage von Prof. Dr. Embrik Strand. Vol. II. Izdevnieciba "Latvija," Riga, Latvia, Pp. 526-560
 
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